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Next Generation Networks

H.323
What is H.323?
• H.323 defines "packet-based multimedia
communications and conferencing systems.

• It provides
– multimedia communication services,
– real-time audio, video, and data communications
over packet networks.
H.323 Components
H.323 Components (cont.)
H.323 terminal:
• Typically an IP phone or any IP device such as a
PC.

• Endpoints with
– H.225 and H.245 signaling
– Media transmission
– Audio/video codec
– Packet-based network interface
H.323 Components (cont.)
Gateway:
• It connects H.323 terminals on IP network to PSTN/PLMN.

• It provides translation of both


– call control signaling and
– media from the PSTN/PLMN to IP network and vice versa.

• It handles
– Call setup
– Termination and
– Possibly codec translation (H.225)
H.323 Components (cont.)
Gatekeeper:
• Optional component which can handle call control services
such as
– Location requests and confirmation
– Name resolution
– Admission and bandwidth control (H.225)

• It controls the IP terminals under its jurisdiction and


governs access to the Gateway.

• All H.323 terminals must register with the gatekeeper and


receive permission before making a call.
H.323 Components (cont.)
Multipoint Controller:
• It supports conferences between H.323
endpoints.

• Also handles the capabilities exchange for the


communicating nodes (through H.245)
H.323 is an “Umbrella” Specification
• H.323 is not a single protocol;
– It refers to a suite of protocols
required for network integration.

• The following protocols are


defined:

• Media
– H.261 and H.263 – Video codecs.
– G.711, G.723, G.729 – Audio codecs.
– RTP/RTCP – Media.

• Data/Fax
– T.120 Data conferencing.
– T.38 – Fax.

• Call Control and Signaling


– H.245 - Capabilities advertisement,
media channel establishment, and
conference control.
– H.225 Q.931 - call signaling and call
setup.
– H.225 RAS - registration and other
admission control with a gatekeeper.
Comparing SIP and H.323
Similarities
• Functionally, SIP and H.323 are similar.

• Both SIP and H.323 provide:


– Call control, call setup and teardown.
– Basic call features such as :
• Call waiting,
• Call hold,
• Call transfer,
• Call forwarding
• Capabilities exchange
Comparing SIP and H.323 (cont.)
Strengths
• H.323 – Defines sophisticated multimedia
conferencing.

• H.323 multimedia conferencing can support


applications such as:
– Whiteboarding,
– Data Collaboration and
– Video Conferencing.

• SIP – Supports flexible and intuitive feature creation.


Gateway Control Protocols

• MGCP (Media Gateway Control Protocol)

• H.248/MEGAco
MGCP

Media Gateway Control Protocol


• A protocol for controlling telephony gateways
from external call control elements called
MGC or call agents.
MGCP (cont.)

• Decompose gateway into:


– A controlling signaling component and
– A controlled media component

• Can be used in phone or gateways in


conjunction with SIP
MGCP (cont.)
• Call agent or MGC:
– Provides call
signaling, control
and processing
intelligence to the
gateway

– Sends and receives


commands to/from
the gateway.
MGCP (cont.)
• MGCP – A master/slave protocol.
– Assumes limited intelligence at the edge
(endpoints) and intelligence at the core (call
agent).
– Used between call agents and media gateways.
– Differs from SIP and H.323 which are peer-to-
peer protocols.
– Interoperates with SIP and H.323.
MGCP (cont.)
• MGCP divides call setup/control and media
establishment functions.

• MGCP does not replace SIP or H.323.


– SIP and H.323 provide peer-to-peer call setup/control.

• MGCP interoperates with H.323 and SIP. For example,


– A call agent accepts SIP or H.323 call setup requests.
– The call agent uses MGCP to control the media gateway.
– The media gateway establishes media sessions with other
H.323 or SIP endpoints.
MGCP (cont.)
H.323 is an “Umbrella” Specification
• H.323 is not a single protocol;
– It refers to a suite of protocols
required for network integration.

• The following protocols are


defined:

• Media
– H.261 and H.263 – Video codecs.
– G.711, G.723, G.729 – Audio codecs.
– RTP/RTCP – Media.

• Data/Fax
– T.120 Data conferencing.
– T.38 – Fax.

• Call Control and Signaling


– H.245 - Capabilities advertisement,
media channel establishment, and
conference control.
– H.225 Q.931 - call signaling and call
setup.
– H.225 RAS - registration and other
admission control with a gatekeeper.
Comparing SIP and H.323
Similarities
• Functionally, SIP and H.323 are similar.

• Both SIP and H.323 provide:


– Call control, call setup and teardown.
– Basic call features such as :
• Call waiting,
• Call hold,
• Call transfer,
• Call forwarding
• Capabilities exchange
Comparing SIP and H.323 (cont.)
Strengths
• H.323 – Defines sophisticated multimedia
conferencing.

• H.323 multimedia conferencing can support


applications such as:
– Whiteboarding,
– Data Collaboration and
– Video Conferencing.

• SIP – Supports flexible and intuitive feature creation.