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WATER QUALITY

PREPARED BY: LADY DIANNE B. SALAC


REFERS TO
THE CHEMICAL, PHYSICAL, BIOLOGICAL,
AND RADIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS
WHAT IS WATER OF WATER.
QUALITY?
• IT IS A MEASURE OF THE CONDITION OF
WATER RELATIVE TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF
ONE OR MORE BIOTIC SPECIES AND OR TO
ANY HUMAN NEED OR PURPOSE.
Algae,
Phytoplankton
and
Chlorophyll Conductivity,
Water Salinity and
Temperature Total
Dissolved
Solids
Water
Turbidity,
Quality
Total Chapters
Suspended Dissolved
Solids and Oxygen
Clarity
Solar
Radiation &
Photosynthetic pH
ally Active
Radiation
THREE FORMS OF
UNDERSTANDING SALINITY
SALINITY
• REFERS TO THE
CONCENTRATIONS OF SALTS
secondary
IN WATER OR SOILS. primary salinity
salinity

tertiary
salinity
PRIMARY SALINITY
(ALSO CALLED
NATURAL SALINITY)

CAUSED BY NATURAL
PROCESSES SUCH THE
ACCUMULATION OF SALT
FROM RAINFALL OVER MANY
THOUSANDS OF YEARS OR
FROM THE WEATHERING OF
ROCKS.
SECONDARY OR
DRYLAND
SALINITY
IS CAUSED WHERE
GROUNDWATER LEVELS RISE,
BRINGING SALT
ACCUMULATED THROUGH
'PRIMARY' SALINITY
PROCESSES TO THE SURFACE.
TERTIARY OR
IRRIGATED
SALINITY

OCCURS WHEN WATER IS


REAPPLIED TO CROPS OR
HORTICULTURE OVER MANY
CYCLES, EITHER DIRECTLY OR
BY ALLOWING IT TO FILTER
INTO THE GROUNDWATER
BEFORE PUMPING IT OUT FOR
RE-APPLICATION.
POLLUTION OF
WATER IN
RELATION TO USE
WHAT IS WATER POLLUTION?
OCCURS WHEN HARMFUL SUBSTANCES—
OFTEN CHEMICALS OR
MICROORGANISMS—CONTAMINATE A
STREAM, RIVER, LAKE, OCEAN, AQUIFER, OR
OTHER BODY OF WATER, DEGRADING
WATER QUALITY AND RENDERING IT TOXIC
TO HUMANS OR THE ENVIRONMENT.
Groundwater

Surface
Transboundary water

Categories
of Water
Pollution

Nonpoint Ocean water


source

Point source
THE MOST COMMON TYPES OF WATER
CONTAMINATION
Agricultural

Sewage and wastewater

Oil pollution

Radioactive substances
WHAT CAN YOU DO TO PREVENT WATER
POLLUTION?

With your
actions With your voice
AS A FUTURE ENGINEER, HOW WILL YOU SAVE AND
MAINTAIN THE QUALITY OF WATER?