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Arts and crafts are important means

of expression , which communicates


views, ideas, and feelings through
the use of skills and imagination.
The arts and crafts of
Ilocos Region and
Cordillera Administrative
Region (CAR)
Ilocos Region
Architecture
Vigan, considered as the “Intramuros
of the North”, retains the Spanish
colonial architecture along its narrow
and cobble-stoned streets known as
Calle Crisologo.
Textile
Inabel is a hand weaving techniques of
the Ilocanos that is produced using
traditional wooden looms. The different
designs represent different meanings: the
dizzying “binakol” weave represents the
waves of the sea.
The inabel designs are inspired
by natural elements: patterns
that depict different landforms,
the colors of flowers and
vegetation, zigzags, animal
patterns, the ocean waves, or the
glittering night sky.
Pottery
Burnay
An unglazed earthen jar with
small opening.
It is used for storage for water
and rice grains and as container
for salt, brown sugar, basi (local
wine) and bagoong (fermented
fish).
Pangasinan

Weaving
The arts and crafts of
Pangasinan include the smoothly
woven Bolinao mats made from
buri or raffia leaves, and the
bamboo crafts (baskets, furniture)
of San Carlos.
Cordillera
Administrative Region
Kalinga

Textile
The natives of Kalinga are skilled
weavers.
One of their finest products is their
textile which is characterized by red
stripes and white, yellow and white
geometrical patterns.
Basketry
The basketry of the Kalinga shows
their fine cracftmanship.
The labba is a bowl-shaped basket
made from rattan, with
sizes that vary from 20-150 cm in
diameter.
Tattooing
Tattoing is another form of art of the
Kalingas. Because it usually covers the chest
and the arms, it may considered as clothing
and decoration.
It also signifies a rite of passage from youth
to adulthood, a mark of heroism, and bravery
and one’s status in the community.
Whang-od Oggay, also
known as Maria Oggay,
is a Filipina tattoo artist
from Buscalan,
Tinglayan, Kalinga,
Philippines. (February 17, 1917)
She is often described as
the “last” and “oldest”
mambabatok.
Ifugao
Sculpture
The term Ifugao means “natives of the
Cordillera”.

The Bul’ul is a wooden sculpture that represents


the rice granary spirits. It is used in rituals
that are performed to call the ancestors
to protect their rice fields from pestilence
and to ask for an abundant harvest.
The bul’ul is usually
made of narra,
which signifies wealth
and happiness.
A carved wooden human
figure with simplified
forms. Theses are dipped
in the blood of pigs
during a ritual called
“tunod”, which means
“planting the seedlings in
the soil”.
Amulets
The amulets of the Ifugaos are
called lingling-o or dinumug. These
are made from jade, gold, copper,
bronze, stone and other materials.
These are fertility symbols worn
around the neck.
 Kabayan mummies ang ilalagay
The arts and crafts of
Cagayan Valley and
Central Luzon
Batanes
Batanes
The Ivatans are the people living in the
Batanes Group of Islands. Their houses have
unique architectural forms made up of
limestones walls, reeds, and cogon roofs. The
design and materials are chosen because they
are strong enough to withstand the numerous
typhoons and earthquakes that hit the group
of islands because of its geographical location.
Vakul
A head gear used by
theIvatan women
to protect them from
the heat of the sun
and the rains.
Soot
The men, wear soot, a rain cape made
from fronds that cover the upper part
of the body down from the neck.
This special clothing is made up of
woven fibers of the vuyavuy palm- a
plant similar to coconut.
Isabela
Isabela
Isabela is one of the largest provinces
in the Philippines. It is located in
Cagayan Valley region. Isabela is a
host to a number of historic sites,
which highlight the rich cultural
heritage of the Isabelinos.
Tamauini Church
A Roman Catholic Parish Church of San Matias Apostol.
This Baroque Church was built in 1873 and can be found in
the municipality of Tamauini, Isabela.

The Church is made from red bricks. It is also ornamented


with carvings of flowers, leaves, scallops, saints, religious
symbols and other fanciful motifs. The unique cylindrical
belfry of the church looks like a huge wedding cake because
of its design motifs like laces, hearts, and beads.
Nueva Vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya
The gaddangs of Nueva Vizcaya
are known for their craft and
textiles. The province is located
near Ifugao, Benguet, and
Quirino.
Bakwat
A belt used by
the mothers
after giving birth.
This cloth is usually
adorned on the
central portion with white beads as
accent patterns of rivers and
mountains .
Bulacan
Bulacan arts and crafts include
the singkaban, pastillas
wrapper, fire crackers and
goldsmithing in Meycauayan.
Singkaban
The local term for bamboo arches
designed with kayas or wood shaving.
These are used as decorative arches
that adorn the entrance to a barangay
or town where a fiesta or any grand
celebration is being held.
Pampanga
Pampanga is known for its giant
lanterns or parol. Its special feature
is its dancing lights in several
shapes, and colors that form
intricate geometric patterns.
The patterns change with the
rotation of a special rotor
that controls the lights inside
the parol. The parols are used
to adorn houses,streets, and
buildings, not only in Pampanga
but all over the Philippines
during Christmas season.
The parols are created
from steel frames and other
locally available materials.
The Pampanga lanterns are
progressively developed
as they become bigger
and the designs become
more complicated.
The arts and crafts of
CALABARZON and
Bicol Region
Laguna
Paete
Paete,one of the provinces in
Laguna, is famous for their
woodcarving and is considered as
the “Woodcarving Capital of the
Philippines”. The local term for
carving is ukit.
Rizal Province
Angono in Rizal
Province is considered
as the “Art Capital of
the Philippines”
because of the town’s
rich artistic expressions
that include music,
painting, sculpting
and folk arts.
Rizal Province is also known for its higantes. The higantes
are big papier mache figures of humans that represent
farmers and fishermen.

The earliest known higantes are composed of a father,


mother, and a child measuring between 7 to 10 feet.
These are traditionally paraded on the 22nd and 23rd of
November in Angono during the Higantes Festival that
coincide with the town fiesta.

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