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© Layout planning in manufacturing & service
organizations
± deals with physical arrangement of various
resources that are available in the system
± with an objective to improve the performance of
the operating system
© Benefits of good layout design
± Jobs in a manufacturing system travel lesser
distance
± Customers spend less time in service systems
± Costs & Lead time come down
± Improved quality

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© Ñotal movement of materials should be
minimum
© Layout should ensure adequate safety
and healthy working conditions.
© Layout should consider all the 3-
dimentions of space available.
© Layout should be flexible enough .

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©  production system design in which
similar machines or functions are
grouped together.
© Most efficient when making products
that have different requirements or
when handling customers who have
different needs.
© Low-volume, High-variety

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© In process layout one of the


principles of paramount
importance is that   

    
         

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© Initial investment is low
© Greater flexibility
© High variety
© Breakdown of one machine does not
effect the whole system
© Low set-up and maintenance cost

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© -orkers are more skilled lead to high
labor cost.
© Ñotal cycle time is high due waiting
time in different departments.
© Difficult to fix responsibility for a defect
or quality problem.
© Large work-in process inventories
© High material handling due to
backtracking in the same department

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© åumerical flow of items between departments


± Can be impractical to obtain
± Does not account for the qualitative factors that
may be crucial to the placement decision
© Systematic Layout Planning
± ccounts for the importance of having each
department located next to every other
department
± Is also guided by trial and error
© Switching departments then checking the results of
the ³closeness´ score

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© It is a layout in   


       
     
 
  
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© In this every item follows same
sequence from beginning to end
© High volume and low variety.

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© Lower work in process inventories.


© Shorter processing time
© Less material handling
© Lower labor skills
© Easier training and supervision.

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© Layouts are fixed & changes in product


design are difficult to accommodate.
© Product variety is limited.
© Breakdown of particular machine in
production line will stop the entire line
© Capital investment is high.

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up an electric fan assembly line with the
following tasks:
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