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PRESENTATION

AIDS
• Basic forms of graph
• General types of Presentation Aids
• Advantages & Disadvantages of Presentation
Aids
Basic Forms of Graph
1. Bar Graph
- compares amount and quantities
2. Circle Graph
- shows the relationship of parts to the whole
3. Line Graph
- shows trends and changes over a period of time
4. Pictograph
- makes abstract ideas concrete
General Types of Presentation Aids
1. Low Complexity
- Needs no electricity
- Requires little time to set up
- Examples are handouts, writing board, flip chart, pictures and real objects.
2. Medium Complexity
- Achieve good effect without having too much technical hardware
- Involves simpler setting compared with the complex set-up required by
high-tech aids
- Examples are projectors and audio system
General Types of Presentation Aids
3. High Complexity
- Impact can be attention-getting, interesting, and well worth the effort
- Projects a more professional image
- More prone to breakdown and technical glitches
- Examples are multimedia (CD – ROM), computer graphics and video
Advantages & Disadvantages of
Presentation Aids
Presentation Aids Advantages Disadvantages

Objects Very realistic Not visible to large groups


Provide hands-on experience

Writing boards Natural May be perceived as lacking of


Flip charts Flexible for responding to feedback preparation
Consume much time
Require legible writing

Prepared Flip charts Portable Not visible to large group


Advantages & Disadvantages of
Presentation Aids
Presentation Aids Advantages Disadvantages
Handouts Provide space for note taking Distract the audience from speaker if given
Appropriate for all at the start of the speech

Videotapes Show movement and variety Distract the audience from speaker
Audiotapes Requires other equipment
Compact disc expensive

Multimedia Create high-tech atmosphere Require complex computer hardware and


Impressive software
Distract from speaker
Could overwhelmed audience
Photographic Show vibrancy Require dim room