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ACCIDENTS

CONTEXT .....
INTRODUCTION
TYPES
• PHYSICAL AND NON – PHYSICAL
• BY ACTIVITY
MOST COMMON CAUSES
XTENT OF TRAFFIC
ACCIDENTS
ONTRIBUTING FACTORS
ECONOMIC COSTS
INTRODUCTION
An ACCIDENT is an undesirable
and unplanned event that could have
been prevented and had circumstances
leading up to the accident been
recognized , and acted upon , prior to its
occurrence .Most scientists who study
unintentional injury avoid using the
term ‘’accident’’ and focus on factors
that increase risk of severe injury and
that reduce injury incidence and
severity .
TYPES …
• PHYSICAL AND NON –
PHYSICAL …
Physical examples of accidents include
unintended motor vehicle collision or
falls , being injured by touching
something sharp , hot , electrical or
ingesting poison . Non – physical examples
are unintentionally revealing a secret or
otherwise saying something incorrectly ,
forgetting an appointment , etc .,
BY ACTIVITY …..
Accidents during the execution of
work or arising out of it are called
WORK ACCIDENTS . According to the
international labour organization (ILO) ,
more than 337 million accidents happen
on the job each year , resulting , together
with occupational diseases , in more than
2.3 million deaths annually.
In contrast , leisure-related accidents
are mainly sports accidents
MOST COMMON
CAUSES
Poisons , vehicle collision and falls
are the most common causes of fatal
injuries . Acco0rding to a 2005 survey of
injuries sustained at home , which uses
data from the National Vital Statistics
System of United States NATIONAL
CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS ,
falls , poisoning , and fire|burn injuries
are the most common causes of death…
The United State also collects statistically
valid injury data (sampled from 100 hospitals )
through the National Electronic Injury
Surveillance System administrated by the
CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFTY COMMISSION
.This program was revised in 2000 to include
all in injuries rather than just injuries
involving products . Data on emergency room
visits also collected through the NATIONAL
HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY . In the U.S
the Bureau of labor statistic has available on
their website extensive statistic on workplace
accidents .
XTENT OF TRAFFIC
ACCIDENTS
In New Delhi , the capital of INDIA , the
frequency of traffic collisions is 40 times
higher than the rate in LONDON , the capital
of UNITED KINGDOM.
Traffic collision-related deaths increased
from 13 per hour in 2008 to 14 per hour in
2009.More than 40% of these casualties are
associated with motorcycles and trucks. The
most accident-prone time on INDIAN roads is
during the peak hour at afternoon and
evening .
ONTRIBUTING FACTORS
The “GLOBAL STATUS REPORT ON ROAD
SAFETY” published by the WORLD HEALTH
ORGANISATION (WHO)identified the major
causes of traffic collision as driving over the
speed limit , driving under the influence , and not
using helmets and seat belts . Failure to maintain
lane or yield to oncoming traffic when turning
are prime causes of accidents on four lane , non-
access controlled national highways . The report
noted users of motorcycles and motor-powered
three-wheelers constitute the second largest group
of traffic collision deaths .
ECONOMIC COST…
The Planning Commission in its 2001-
2003 research estimated that traffic collision
resulted in an annual monetary loss of $10
billion (INR 550 BILLION ) DURING THE
YEAR 1999-2000 . In 2012 , the International
Road Federation (IRF) Estimated that traffic
collision results in an annul monetary loss of
$20 billion (INR 1 trillion(short scale)) in India.
This figure includes expenses associated with
the accident victim , property damage and
administration expenses .
TEAM WORK BY
SACHIN
DHANISH
ADITYA
SUNIL
DISHA
SANTOSHI
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