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THE INTERNET OF THINGS FOR

HEALTH CARE

By Akshat Gaur
Akshata Shenoy
Aastha Bhatt
Akansha Gupta
Abhimanyu Mukherjee
CONTENTS

 Description
 How it works?

 Relation with Healthcare

 Challenges and Issues faced

 Solutions Proposed
WHAT IS IOT?

• Introduced by Kevin Ashton in 1999.


• Internet of thing is a concept reflecting a connected
set of anyone, anything, anytime, anyplace, any
service, and any network.
• Today’s applications are entirely different because of
technological advancements.
• Internet connectivity can be stretched to physical
world devices and day to day objects.
HOW IT WORKS?

Real Time examples:


• Air conditioner

• Smart locks

• Tracking and monitoring system


IOT IN HEALTHCARE

• Compliance with treatment and


medication at home by healthcare
providers.
• Various medical devices, sensors, and
diagnostic and imaging devices can be
viewed as smart devices or objects
constituting a core part of the IoT.
IOT IN HEALTHCARE

Real time examples


• Medical devices

• Pharmaceutical companies

• Public Health
MEDICAL DEVICES
 wireless sensor technology
 remote and continuous monitoring

 mobile connectivity

 3D printing of living tissue.

 Enables easy access to the patient

 Reduces clinical error.


A few examples of IoT in Medical
devices are:

1. Smart continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)


and insulin pens

2. Ingestible Sensors:
PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES
 Improved quality output
 Reduced cost

 Medication Delivery
EXAMPLE:

Smart Pills and Implanted Devices:

Leading pharmaceutical companies are using smart


devices to administer medications and monitor their
effect on patients. This includes the delivery of
medications or medical monitors in “smart pills.”
PUBLIC HEALTH
 IoT for Patients

 IoT for Physicians

 IoT for Hospitals


POTENTIAL CHALLENGES

1. Data Security and Privacy

One of the major threats that IoT poses is of data


security and privacy. Most of the IoT devices lack
data protocols and standards. Also there is
significant ambiguity regarding data ownership
and regulation.

All these factors make the data highly susceptible


to cybercriminals who can hack into the system
and compromise Personal Health Information
(PHI) of both patients as well as doctors.
2. Integrating Multiple Devices and Protocols

Multiple devices integration results in hindrance in


implementing IoT in the healthcare industry. The reason behind
this obstacle is the manufacturers of these medical devices
haven’t agreed upon communication standards and protocols.

In this case, when the variety of medical devices are


interconnected, it gets complicated to proceed data aggregation
process due to the difference in their communication standards.
This non-uniformity in standards and protocols becomes a
challenge in integrating IoT in healthcare.
3. Data Overload

 Even though there are challenges in data


aggregation due to communication protocols, still IoT
devices record millions of data and use this data to
get valuable insights on certain areas.

 However, with the amount of data is so large, it gets


difficult for healthcare providers to derive insights
from it, resulting in inaccurate decision-making.
Apart from that, healthcare providers are also
concerned with the more devices are interconnecting,
as more devices mean more and more data.
4. Cost

 One of the significant challenges in integrating IoT


in healthcare is the cost comes with it because, at
present, not everyone is capable of affording IoT in
their healthcare facilities. The increasing cost of IoT
is a concern for healthcare sector, especially for the
developing countries.

 In order to successfully implement IoT and leverage


it, stakeholders need to make it affordable and let
everyone access it to deliver better and improved
patient care.
SOLUTIONS :

 Increase in healthcare expenditure


 Involving the government under the public
private
partnership model can help to reduce the
incurring high cost of implementation of this new
technology.
 Short range communication can ensure stronger
cyber security
 Strong government regulations and standards
can help to combat security issue to a level.
 Machine learning can help the computer to learn
from the existing patient trends.
 Bluetooth low energy devices (BLE) can also be
used in motion sensors.
 Medical devices sector will get a boost if looped in
for manufacturing of these sensors.
 Data base should be operable and accessible across
all platforms .Compatibility of this database on
different devices can be worked on.
THANK YOU