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DIFFERENT UNESCO WORLD

H E R I T A G E S I T E S I N A M ER I CA

P R E P A R E D B Y :
A D A R L O , M E Y N A R D
I L A G A N , P A T R I C I A
L I B A D I A , S H E I L L A
M A G B O O , S H E I L A
S I G U A , S H E R L Y N
WO R L D H E R I TAG E S I T E S
I N T H E U N I T E D S TAT E S
In 1972, the United States proposed the
World Heritage Convention to the
United Nations Educational, Scientific,
and Cultural Organization (UNESCO),
and was the first state to ratify that
convention. The World Heritage
Program promotes local and
international cooperation for the
preservation of natural and cultural
heritage. Significantly, it is the most
widely accepted international
conservation treaty in the world, which
has resulted in the American concept of
national parks being implemented
worldwide.
LIST OF WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN THE UNITED STATES

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural


Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of
importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in
the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in
1972. The United States of America ratified the convention
on December 7, 1973, making its historical sites eligible for
inclusion on the list.
The first sites in the United States added to the list were Mesa
Verde National Park and Yellowstone National Park, both at the
Second Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in
Washington, D.C. from September 5–8, 1978. In total, 23 sites
have been included, the most recent being the San Antonio
Missions in 2015. The twenty-three sites are located in nineteen
different states and two territories. California, Hawaii, Montana,
and New Mexico each contain multiple sites, while two sites
(Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park and Kluane /
Wrangell – St. Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek) are
transboundary sites shared with Canada—Alberta, then Yukon
and B.C., respectively.
Mesa Verde National
Mesa Verde NationalPark
Park is a National Park and
World Heritage Site located in Montezuma County,
Colorado. It protects some of the best preserved
Ancestral Puebloan archeological sites in the United
States.

The site contains a number of cliff dwellings constructed by the


ancient Pueblo peoples between the 6th and 12th centuries at
an altitude greater than 2,600 metres (8,500 ft). Some notable
examples amongst the 600 dwellings include Cliff Palace,
Balcony House, and Square Tower House. The dwellings were
discovered in 1874.
Yellowstone National
Park
The park consists of almost 9,000 square
kilometres (9.7×1010 sq ft) of natural forest.
The park contains half of the world's
geothermal features including over 300
geysers, the world's largest concentration. In
addition to its geographical sites,Yellowstone
is significant for its natural history; nearly 150
species of fossil plants have been discovered
within the park. Set aside in 1872 it bears the
distinction of being the first National Park in
United States, and the world.
Kluane / Wrangell–
St. Elias / Glacier
Bay /
Tatshenshini-Alsek

The joint United States–Canada site located along the border between the
two countries comprise the world's largest non-polar ice field and some of
the world's longest glaciers. The region is also the natural habitat for a number
of species including grizzly bears, caribou, Dall sheep, and every species of
Alaskan salmon, some in greater numbers than found anywhere else.
Grand Canyon The centerpiece of the park is the
National Park Grand Canyon, a gorge of the
Colorado River. The Grand Canyon
is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to
18 miles (29 km) wide and attains
a depth of over a mile (6,000 feet
or 1,800 metres). Nearly two
billion years of the Earth's
geological history have been
exposed as the Colorado River
and its tributaries cut their
channels through layer after layer
of rock while the Colorado Plateau
was uplifted.
Everglades
National Park

The park is the largest designated tropical wilderness reserve in North


America. Featuring a variety of wetlands and tropical hammocks and
rainforests, it has become a sanctuary for a large number of birds,
reptiles, and threatened or protected species, as well as a host of
invasive, introduced, and naturalized species. The property was placed
on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2010 due to degradation of
the property resulting in a loss of marine habitat and decline in marine
species. The property was previously listed as in danger from 1993–2007
due to sustained hurricane damage and deterioration of water flow and
quality due to agricultural and urban development.
The building was designed by Andrew
Independence Hamilton and completed in 1753 to
Hall house the colonial assembly of the
Province of Pennsylvania. It was the site
of the Second Continental Congress
during which the Declaration of
Independence was signed in 1776.
Following the American Revolution, the
building held the Constitutional
Convention which debated and signed
the United States Constitution in 1787.
Both documents have served as
inspirations for lawmakers and
government charters throughout the
world.
Redwood National and
State Parks Mammoth Cave
National Park

Located along the coast of northern


California, the park is covered with coast Mammoth Cave is the
redwood trees, the tallest and one of the longest cave system known
most massive tree species on Earth. The in the world. With over
park also contains areas of pristine 390 miles (630 km) of
coastline, which support nesting and passageways, the cave
feeding areas for several species of system is home to more
migratory waterfowl. than 130 species.
Olympic National Park
The park contains a diversity of ecosystems and varied
topography ranging from the Pacific coastline, to alpine areas,
temperate rainforests, and the forests covering the park's drier
east side.
Cahokia
The site was the largest and most influential
urban settlement in the Mississippian culture
which developed advanced societies across
much of what is now the Southeastern
United States, beginning more than 500 years
before European contact. The settlement
covered nearly 1,600 hectares (4,000 acres)
and included some 120 mounds.
Great Smoky Mountains
National Park
The park is one of the world's largest remaining
remnants of the diverse Arcto-Tertiary Geoflora
era, containing over 3,500 plant species and
numerous animal species, including one of the
world's greatest variety of salamanders.
La Fortaleza and
San Juan National
Historic Site
These structures were built between
the 15th and 19th centuries to defend
the harbor of San Juan, and are
examples of European military
architecture adapted to port cities on
the American continent. La Fortaleza
was the first defensive fortification built
for the city. The historic site also
comprises Castillo San Felipe del Morro,
Castillo de San Cristóbal, El Cañuelo,
and three-fourths of the old city wall.
Designed by Frédéric
Bartholdi, the statue
was a gift to the
Statu United States from
the people of France.
e of It has since become
an icon of freedom
Liber and of the United
States, and a
ty welcoming signal to
immigrants arriving
from abroad.
Yosemite National
Park Formed as a result of
repeated glacial erosion of
granitic bedrock over 10
million years, the park
contains a unique diverse
landscape of spectacular
granite cliffs, waterfalls, clear
streams, Giant Sequoia groves,
and biological diversity.
Chaco Culture Hawaiʻi
National Volcanoes
Historical Park National Park

Formerly a major center of culture for


the Ancient Pueblo Peoples, the park The park is home to Kīlauea and
preserves one of the United States' Mauna Loa, two of the most active
most important pre-Columbian volcanoes in the world. The volcanic
cultural and historical areas, hosting eruptions in the area have resulted
the densest and most exceptional in frequently changing landscape, and
concentration of pueblos in the rare flora and fauna.
American Southwest.
Monticello and
the University
of Virginia

Built between 1769 and 1809, Monticello was the plantation


home of its designer, third President of the United States and
author of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson.
Jefferson designed the early buildings that made up the
University of Virginia in Charlottesville, inspired by his new
ideas of university planning. The most prominent of these, The
Rotunda, is a half-scale model of the Pantheon in Rome.
Carlsbad
Taos Caverns
Pueblo National
Park

The site is an ancient pueblo The park contains over 100 limestone
belonging to a Native caves, including Carlsbad Caverns and
American tribe of Pueblo Lechuguilla Cave, which exhibit rare and
unique speleothems. This is one of the
people, marking the cultural few sites in the world where scientists
development in the region can study these ongoing geological and
during the Pre-Columbian biological processes in its pristine
era. environment.
Waterton-Glacier International
Peace Park
The joint United States–Canada site located along the border between
the two countries has a unique, distinctive climate, physiographic setting,
mountain-prairie interface, and tri-ocean hydrographical divide.
Papahānaumokuā The marine national monument
encompasses 140,000 square miles
kea (360,000 km2) of ocean waters,
including ten islands and atolls of the
Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, making
it one of the world's largest marine
protected areas. The area supports
7,000 species, one quarter of which are
endemic. The area is regarded with
traditional significance for living Native
Hawaiian culture, as an embodiment of
the Hawaiian concept of kinship
between people and the natural world.
The monument also contains the pre-
European archaeological sites on the
islands of Nihoa and Makumanamana.
The vast earthen architecture of this site was constructed by a foraging society of
hunter- gatherers, not a settled agricultural people, which makes it all the more
remarkable a site. It is still not understood how and why such a society could so
totally transform this landscape. It may well be the largest hunter-gatherer
settlement that has ever existed. Not only was it the largest settlement of its time
in North America, but its design was absolutely unique and its construction
required an unprecedented amount (over 750,000 cubic meters) of earth-moving.
Poverty Point was also the center of a major exchange network with goods
brought in from as far as 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) distant.

Monumental
Earthworks of
Poverty Point
The vast earthen architecture of this site
was constructed by a foraging society of
San Antonio Missions
hunter- gatherers, not a settled agricultural
people, which makes it all the more
remarkable a site. It is still not understood
how and why such a society could so
totally transform this landscape. It may well
be the largest hunter-gatherer settlement
that has ever existed. Not only was it the
largest settlement of its time in North
America, but its design was absolutely
unique and its construction required an
unprecedented amount (over 750,000
cubic meters) of earth-moving. Poverty
Point was also the center of a major
exchange network with goods brought in
from as far as 1,600 kilometers (1,000
miles) distant.
VIDEO
PRESENTATION
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_World_Heritage_Sites_in_the_United_States

http://www.state.gov/p/io/unesco/c48319.htm

REFERENCES