Drilling System Rig Well

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Drilling System Rig Well

© All Rights Reserved

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You are on page 1of 53

Lesson 2A

Drilling Systems

Drilling Rigs

Drilling a Well

Homework

Read ADE to p. 21

2A. Rigs,

due Monday, September 8, 2003

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 2 of 53

Rotary Drilling

CHAPTER 1 (ADE)

Drilling Team

Drilling Rigs

Rig Power System

Hoisting System

2A. Rigs, Circulating System . . .

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 3 of 53

Rotary Drilling - cont’d

The Well Control System

Well-Monitoring System

Special Marine Equipment

Drilling Cost Analysis

2A. Rigs,

Examples

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 4 of 53

The Rig Count

2A. Rigs,

From the Houston Chronicle, August 2001, 2002 and 2003

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 5 of 53

From

2A. Rigs,the Houston Chronicle, Sunday, September 1, 2002

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 6 of 53

2A.From

Rigs, the Houston Chronicle, Sunday, August 31, 2003

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 7 of 53

Noble

Drilling’s

Cecil

Forbes

A Jack-

Up Rig

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 8 of 53

Sonat’s A Semi-

George Submersible

Washington Rig

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 9 of 53

Zapata’s

Trader

A

Drillship

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 10 of 53

Deep Water Development Options

SUBSEA FIXED

COMPLETIONS PLATFORMS

COMPLIANT

TOWERS

FLOATING TENSION

PRODUCTION LEG

2A. Rigs, SYSTEMS PLATFORMS

Well Drilling Slide 11 of 53

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 12 of 53

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

TENSION LEG PLATFORM

Well Drilling Slide 13 of 53

Shell’s

Auger

Tension

Leg

Platform

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 14 of 53

Shell’s

Bullwinkle

World’s tallest

offshore

structure

1,353’ water

depth

Production

began in 1989

45,000 b/d

80MM

2A. Rigs,scf/d

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 15 of 53

To TENSIONERS

SLIP JOINT

MARINE

RISER

GUIDE LINES

BOP STACK

Drilling a PETE 411 Well MUDLINE

Well Drilling Slide 16 of 53

2A. Rigs,

Drilling

Fig. 1.3a PETEdrilling

- Typical 411 Well rig organization

Well Drilling Slide 17 of 53

Fig. 1.4

The

rotary

drilling

process

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 18 of 53

Fig. 1.5

Drilling a PETE 411 Well rotary drilling

Well Drilling rigsSlide 19 of 53

Fig. 1.13

Engine

power

output

P=F.V

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 20 of 53

TABLE 1.1 - HEATING VALUE

OF VARIOUS FUELS

Type (lbm/gal) (Btu/lbm)

gasoline 6.6 20,000

butane 4.7 21,000

methane --- 24,000

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 21 of 53

Example 1.1. A diesel engine gives an output

torque of 1,740 ft-lbf at an engine speed of 1,200

rpm. If the fuel consumption rate was 31.5 gal/hr,

what is the output power and overall efficiency of

the engine?

= 2 (1,200) = 7,539.8 rad/min.)

The power output can be computed using Eq.1.1

7,539.8 (1,740) ft - lbf/min

P T 397.5hp

2A. Rigs, 33,000 ft - lbf/min /hp

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 22 of 53

Since the fuel type is diesel, the density is 7.2

lbm/gal and the heating value H is 19,000

Btu/lbm (Table 1.1). Thus, the fuel consumption

rate w f is:

1 hour

w f 31.5 gal/hr (7.2 lbm/gal)

60 minutes

wf = 3.78 lbm/min.

given by Eq. 1.2:

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 23 of 53

Efficiency = (Power Out / Power in)

Qi = w f H

3.78 lbm/min 19,000Btu/lbm 779 ft - lbf/Btu

Qi

33,000 ft - lbf/min/hp

Thus, the overall efficiency of the engine at 1,200

rpm given by Eq. 1.3 is

P 397.5

2A.E t

Rigs, 0.234 or 23.4%

Drilling a

Qi 1695.4

PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 24 of 53

Drilling a Well

Duties of Drilling Engineer

Making a Connection

Making a Trip

Rig Selection Criteria

Derrick Loading

2A. Definitions (Lesson 2B) (separate)

Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 25 of 53

Steps to Drill A Gas/Oil Well

1. Complete or obtain seismic, log, scouting

information or other data.

2. Lease the land or obtain concession.

3. Calculate reserves or estimate from best data

available.

4. If reserve estimates show payout, proceed with

well.

5. Obtain permits from conservation/

national authority.

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 26 of 53

Steps to Drill a Well - cont’d

program.

7. Ask for bids on footage, day work, or

combination from selected drilling

contractors based on drilling program.

8. If necessary, modify program to fit

selected contractor equipment.

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 27 of 53

Steps to Drill a Well - cont’d

other marine equipment necessary for

access to site.

10. Gather all personnel concerned for

meeting prior to commencing drilling

(pre-spud meeting)

11. If necessary, further modify program.

12. Drill well.

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 28 of 53

Steps to Drill a Well - cont’d

to complete the well.

14. Complete well.

15. Install surface facilities.

16. Analysis of operations with concerned

personnel.

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 29 of 53

Drilling Operations

Field Engineers, Drilling Foremen

A. Well planning prior to SPUD

B. Monitor drilling operations

C. After drilling, review drilling results and

recommend future improvements

- prepare report.

D. General duties.

What are the well requirements?

Objectives, safety, cost

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 30 of 53

Making Making

a a

Connection Trip

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 31 of 53

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a Making aPETE

mouse411hole

Wellconnection

Well Drilling Slide 32 of 53

Moving Kelly

to Single in

Mousehole Single

Added.

Stabbing Ready to

the Pipe Drill

2A. Rigs,

Making

Drilling a a mouse

PETE hole

411connection

Well - cont’d

Well Drilling Slide 33 of 53

Making a trip

Why

trip?

Use

Elevators

Put Kelly in

for

Rathole

tripping

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 34 of 53

Tripping

one stand

at a time

60-90 ft

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Making a trip - cont’d

Drilling Slide 35 of 53

Criteria for determining

depth limitation

Derrick

Drawworks

Mud Pumps

Drillstring

Mud System

Blowout Preventer

2A. Rigs, Power Plant

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 36 of 53

T W

T W

W W

2W

• FIG 1-1 Simple Pulley System

T=W

2A. Rigs, LD = 2W (no friction in sheave)

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 37 of 53

n = number

of lines

W = weight

(hook load)

LD = load

on derrick

Assuming no friction

W=4T T = W/4 n 2

2A. Rigs, LD W

Drilling

LD = a6 T = 6 W/4

PETE 411 Well n

Well Drilling Slide 38 of 53

Example 1.1

(no friction)

casing for a deep well is determined to be

400,000 lbs. Since this will be the heaviest

casing string run, the maximum mast load

must be calculated. Assuming that 10

lines run between the crown and the

traveling blocks and neglecting buoyancy

effects, calculate the maximum load.

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 39 of 53

Solution:

between the 10 lines. Therefore,

T = 400,000/10 = 40,000 lbf

The tension in the fast line and dead line

will also be 40,000 lbf, so the total load is

40,000 X 12 = 480,000 lbf

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 40 of 53

Solution, cont.

points.

decreases with additional lines.

greater than the load being lifted.

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 41 of 53

A Rotary Rig

Hoisting System

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 42 of 53

Projection of

Drilling Lines

on Rig Floor

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well TOTAL

Well Drilling Slide 43 of 53

Load on Derrick

(considering friction in sheaves)

Derrick Load = Hook Load

+ Fast Line Load

+ Dead Line Load

Fd = W + Ff + Fs

W W 1 E En

Fd W = W

En n En

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a E = overall efficiency,

PETE 411 Well

e.g., E = en = 0.98n

Well Drilling Slide 44 of 53

Example 1.2

can provide an input power to the block and tackle

system as high as 500 hp. Eight lines are strung

between the crown block and traveling block.

Calculate

1. The static tension in the fast line

when upward motion is impending,

2. the maximum hook horsepower

available,

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 45 of 53

Example 1.2, cont.

4. the actual derrick load,

5. the maximum equivalent derrick load,

and,

6. the derrick efficiency factor.

shown in Fig. 1.17.

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 46 of 53

Solution

in Table 1.2. The tension in the fast line is given by

Eq. 1.7.

W 300,000

F 44,590 lb

E n 0.841* 8

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a ( 0.98

PETE 4118 =Well

0.851 )

Well Drilling Slide 47 of 53

Solution

available is

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 48 of 53

Solution

Ph

vb

W

33,000 ft - lbf / min

420.5 hp

hp

300,000 lbf

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a = 46.3 ft /411

PETE minWell

Well Drilling Slide 49 of 53

Solution to 3., cont.

90 ft

t 1.9 min.

46.3 ft / min

2A. Rigs,

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 50 of 53

Solution

1 E En

Fd W

En

1 + 0.841 + 0.841(8)

= (300,000)

0.841(8)

2A. Rigs, = 382,090 lbf.

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 51 of 53

Solution

by Eq.1.9:

n4 8 4

Fde W * 300,000

n 8

W W

FDLL

4 n

F

2A. Rigs, de 450, 000 lbf n 4

FDLL W

4n

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 52 of 53

Solution

Fd 382,090

Ed

Fde 450,000

Drilling a PETE 411 Well

Well Drilling Slide 53 of 53

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