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Introduction to STS (Science, Technology,

and Society)
Objective of the Lecture

 The significance of STS in the context of global citizenship. (STS

Syllabus, 2018, p.2)
What is Science & Technology, and
Society (STS)
 Definition(s):
 The interactions between science and technology and social, cultural,
political, and economic contexts which shape and are shaped by
them; specific examples throughout human history of scientific, and
technological developments. (Commission on Higher Education, CMO
#20, 2013)
 Science, Technology, and Society (STS) is an interdisciplinary field of
study that seeks to explore and understand the many ways that modern
science and technology shape modern culture, values, and institutions,
on one hand, and how modern values shape science and technology,
on the other. (Mansour, N., 2009)
The beginning of STS...

 In the 1970’s Elting E. Morison founded the STS program at

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
 Science, technology and society (STS), also referred to as science
and technology studies, is a branch or offspring of science studies. It
considers how social, political, and cultural values affect scientific
research and technological innovation, and how these, in turn,
affect society, politics and culture.
Scientific Literacy

 Definition:
 (a) Knowledge of the substantive content of science and the ability to distinguish from
 (b) Understanding science and its applications;
 (c) Knowledge of what counts as science;
 (d) Independence in learning science;
 (e) Ability to think scientifically;
 (f) Ability to use scientific knowledge in problem solving;
 (g) Knowledge needed for intelligent participation in science-based issues;
 (h) Understanding the nature of science, including its relationship with culture;
 (i) Appreciation of and comfort with science, including its wonder and curiosity;
 (j) Knowledge of the risks and benefits of science; and
 (k) Ability to think critically about science and to deal with scientific expertise.
Global Citizenship

 Definition:
 Global citizenship refers to a sense of belonging to a broader
community and common humanity. It emphasizes political, economic,
social and cultural interdependency and interconnectedness between
the local, the national and the global. (UNESCO (2014). Global
citizenship education: Preparing learners for the challenges of the 21st
UNESCO Sustainable Development
UNESCO Sustainable Development
Relationship of STS with example

Relationship Example

Biodiversity (in

Technology Society Protocol on