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Surgey: spine

By aqsa maqbool
Cause of scheuermann's
kyphosis :
Sometimes delays in diagnosis and treatment are caused by the
mistaken belief that the deformity is due to poor posture. Such
cases are known as postural kyphosis, a condition that involves
weak muscles. People with Scheuermann's disease have a
skeletal deformity, however, and simply cannot straighten their
spine.
Treatment
Nonsurgical treatment
Treatment often includes physical therapy to
strengthen the back and abdominal muscles. This will
relieve pressure on the spine, helping to improve
posture and reduce discomfort. Doctors usually
recommend that people with postural and
Scheuermann's kyphosis receive non-surgical forms
of treatment.
Spinal dysraphism
Syringomyelia
Definition
Syringomyelia is a rare disorder in which a fluid-filled
cyst forms within your spinal cord. This cyst is
referred to as a syrinx. As the syrinx expands and
lengthens over time, it compresses and damages part
of your spinal cord from its center outward.
Symptoms
Syringomyelia symptoms usually develop slowly over time. If your
syringomyelia is caused by protrusion of brain tissue into your spinal
canal (Chiari malformation), symptoms generally may begin between
ages 25 and 40.
In some cases, coughing or straining may trigger symptoms of
syringomyelia, although neither causes syringomyelia.
The following early signs and symptoms of syringomyelia may affect the
back of your neck, shoulders, arms and hands first:
Muscle weakness and wasting (atrophy)
Loss of reflexes
Loss of sensitivity to pain and temperature
Sign's
signs and symptoms of syringomyelia may include:
Stiffness in your back, shoulders, arms and legs
Pain in your neck, arms and back
Bowel and bladder function problems
Muscle weakness and spasms in your legs
Spinal curvature (scoliosis)
Arnold chiari malfo