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# MEC201

Mechanics of Solids

m 
Stresses in Beams

m 
@ re Bending

m 
Eq ilibri m: Resistive Moment

## À    

 
m 
Origin of Resisting Moment

Y  

 



 

m 
Origin of Resisting Moment...




 
Y  

 
m 
Beam of symmetrical section

î


m 
ongit dinal Strains
V 
  



Y  0u
Y  0u 



 

 0 u
V 

 


m 
ongit dinal Stresses

x 

 

ë Y  






m 
3e tral plane


3 

m 
3e tral axis

m 
Eq ilibri m

Î ?

3  
     
3
m 
Eq ilibri m

m 
Eq ilibri m...


    
   
m 
Rectang lar Section

 
  
 0 


m 
Rectang lar Section
ü    

     



m 
Example: Cantilevered Beam
@ @
@

@

m 
Example: Cantilevered Beam
@ @
@

@

m 
Cantilevered Beam

m 
Cantilevered Beam

Section Factor
orientation
i V    
  V  V
 V Xo  V Xo  V
  


Radi s of V V  V
c rvat re ´ (at
the point of
maxim m BM
m 
@arallel Axis Theorem


 
 
@ @

##   



m 
Àntrod ction to Beams
· Y    

Y 

## · Y       

m 
    

## ·   



Àë  ë
      
 
 

 
    
  ü



ü



m 
      
V3 3
3
3

V   î

V



V


m 
    

V


GVVVV
V


m 
    

V

 
GVVVV
 V


m 
      
V3 3
3
3
V


V   î GVVVV
V3 V
3
Ô  
XV3
3

XV3

m 
      
x-location 1m 2m
Bending XV   
moment, Mb
Stress
distrib tion
Maxim m       
tensile stress    X  V V
VV


Maxim m       
compressive X  V V   
stress X 
X 

m 
T-Section

 0 ?
#
  !"#  "\$%& ?
& ?'\$


 () 
 
)    )

  (

        

m 
T-Section
 *
#  )
Y 
0" '&# 0+
#
 
    

!, '\$%0#  0+# "# %
0 #'

* -( *
   )
Y0 "+'&#

0#?
 
    
'\$ë %0#\$
 0#?\$"#\$% 0'
 (À  
  #''0!.
 
m 
T- Section...

##    


    

 
    

m 
À-Section

 0 \$ #
  ?

'


 () 
 
     )

  (

        


m 
À-Section 
 *
#  )
Y
0" '&# 0+ #
 
    

!, '%0  0+# " % 0! 

'
* -( *
   )
Y) 
 %0 " '&# 0#'

## À  

  "! #'0#?!'
 

m 
Comparison of three sections of the
same area
   

 


V
V


m 
Comparison of three sections of
the same area
Section

## ocation of 3A from the   o  

base
À  V X  VV X  V X 

## y for max tensile stress X  Xo X 

y for max comp. stress     
max tensile stress  V
V
 V

Max comp. stress  V
V
 V

m 
Example
#?? ?? #??

     
 

  
)
  /
 

m 
Example:- Stresses in Beam
@ 
 
  

  
   

  

 

  
   
 
 
     
  


!"

  


 
"#

  
   

## À0 \$.+0#? +



 
  "# !\$

0.. 

m 
Example:- Stresses in Beam

  
  ±'\$& ë'''1  

0\$ + 

m 
Example:- Stresses in Beam
@ 
  2Y )  
    
  
 
 )

    


 

 

   
 

m 
Example:- Stresses in Beam





À0 #''#?ë+


+???%??+%

#''#?ë




 #\$ @



m 
Example:- Stresses in Beam
@ 

 
     -    -

 -   
'ü
 

 
 )ü    )  ü) /
   



 # ?  

"#\$

À0##.#\$0#? +

m 
Example:- Stresses in Beam

 
#

   % \$ 
Y \$% # 

Y "\$% # 

   
   @
# #

  
\$% "#\$
 \$


   !" %& +#?# !%


\$\$
#

m 
Composite beam

m 
Composite beam

3 
 

m 
Composite beam
¦   !  "

3 
 

m 
Composite beam

 

3  

m 
Composite beam

 

3  

m 
Reinforced concrete beam



 



ß  

m 
Reinforced concrete beam


 
 ?!



m 
Reinforced concrete beam

+!


#!!
?!

m 
Shear stresses in beam

m 
Shear stresses in beam
@

@ @
3  

Ô 
î

m 
Shear stresses in beam
@
@ @

 Ô 
î


 î î


X î

X î î

m 
Shear stresses in beam
@

@ @
 3  
î

Ô 
î

 
î

m 
Shear stresses in beam

m 
Shear stresses in beam


m 
Example: Cantilevered Beam
@ @
@

*
@

2

@
&   0? 
&\$2 
  ?
m 
An Example...

   

m 
Another Example

\$  0m&

&  

m 
An À beam

3
3 V V V
3
V


 V
 

3 
3
Ô 

X
3 X
3

3



X
3
m 
An À beam
V V V    

V 

  

V 

m 
An À beam
V V V

V 

V 

! 

    



 ()    
  
m 
B ilt- p beam


 

 V 



 V 

 0 \$/
m 
B ilt- p beam



 V 



 V 

m 
B ilt- p beam



 V 



 V 

!
    
  

m 
B ilt- p beam

0?# 

m 