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Julian Yuan Xing Thong Shumpei Hosokawa Kayode Adbul-Haki Olaniyan Corinna Stella Burger

INTRODUCTION

In this project, you are required to design and build a Lego cart with a Gear system and a Pointer attached. The design of the Lego cart must ensure that the attached Pointer keeps pointing to a fixed direction (e.g. north) all the time regardless whatever direction the cart travels.

Design Requirements Conceptual Design Theory Demonstration video Potential applications

DESIGN REQUIREMENTS To produce a working Lego model kart with a pointer that keeps pointing to a fixed direction all the time regardless to whatever direction the kart travels Using only Lego parts given Design can either use minimal parts or more parts to produce strength Gear system driven by two wheels of equal size Pointer must exit vehicle vertically Kart must have the ability to move in any direction .

U3 CONCEPTUAL DESIGN .

why? Aesthetics? User.Slide 4 U3 Two gears instead of one to ensure that the gear system meshes and will not fail Strength? Number of pieces used or strength?? Wheel distance diameter of wheel. 4/28/2009 .

U1 THEORY 2 7 W1 1 3 4 5 6 8 W2 11 10 9 P .

Slide 5 U1 By referring to Diagram ?. the relationships between each part were observed. w1 = 1 (1) 1+ 3=2 4 (2) 3= 6 (3) 6+ 8=2 5 (4) 8 = w2 (5) 4=.10 = 9 (7) 3/ 4 = N4/N3 (8) 6/ 9 = N9/N6 (9) 3/ 10 = N10/N3 (10) N10 =N11 (11) 10 = 11 (12) 9 = 11 (13) N9 = N11 (14) By substituting equation (1) into equation (2) we get: w1 = 2 4 3 (15) By substituting equation (3) into equation (4). and then substituting into equation (15).5 (6) . we get: w1 = 2 4 (2 5 8) (16) By expanding equation (16) we get: w1 = 2 4 2 5 + 8 (17) By substituting equation (6) into equation (17) we get: w1 = 2 4 + 2 4 + 8 w1 = 4 4 + 8 (18) (19) .

we get r w1 r( w1 r( w1 r w2 = (L + W) w2) = L + W w2) = W w2) = (25) L L (r/W)( w1 .Slide 5 (Continued) NEXT PAGE By substituting equation (5) into equation (19) we get w1 = 4 4 + w2 w1 w2= 4 4 (20) The following relation was establish by analysing Gear 4 and Gear 11: 4 / 11 = -N11 / N4 Where 11 = 4 = (-N11 / N4) (21) Substituting equation (21) into equation (20) we get: w1 w2= -4(-N11 / N4) (22) By referring to Figure 2 on page 2 of the project handout. the following observations were made. SI = r w2 = L SII = r w1 = (L + W) (23) (24) When combining equations (23) and (24) together.

User. 4/25/2009 . we get = r/W [(-4N11/N4) ] Where W/r = 4 and N11/N4 = 1 Hence =This theoretically verifies that the Lego Cart meets the design requirements.Slide 5 (Continued) By substituting equation (24) into equation (25).

THEORETICAL DIAGRAM .

OBSERVATIONS ¦ ¨ ¤ £ © ¢ ¡ .W W w1 1 = 3 1 + 3 =2 6 4 = + 8=2 5 8 = w2 4 = .5 .10 = 9 3/ 4 = N4/N3 6 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) P ¡ § ¥ THEORY .

2 7 1 1 3 4 5 6 8 THEORY .OBSERVATIONS 11 10 9 = N9/N6 (9) (10) 3/ 10 = N10/N3 N10 =N11 (11) (12) 10 = (13) 9= N9 = N11 (14) 6/ 9 2 .

we get: w1 = 2 4² (2 5 ² 8) (16) .THEORY . and then substituting into equation (15).PROOF By substituting equation (1) into equation (2) we get: w1 =2 4 ² 3 (15) By substituting equation (3) into equation (4).

THEORY .PROOF By expanding equation (16) we get: w1 = 2 4 ²2 5 + 8 (17) By substituting equation (6) into equation (17) we get: w1 = 2 4+ 2 4+ 8 (18) (19) w1 = 4 4+ 8 .

THEORY .PROOF By substituting equation (5) into equation (19) we get w1 =4 4 4 + w2 w1 ² w2= 4 (20) The following relation was establish by analysing Gear 4 and Gear 11: = -N11 / N4 4 / 4 = (-N11 / N4) (21) .

SI = r SII = r w2 = L (23) (24) w1 = (L + W) . the following observations were made.THEORY .PROOF Substituting equation (21) into equation (20) we get: w1 ² w2= 4(-N11 / N4) (22) By referring to the diagram previously seen on the presentation.

we get: r r( w1 ² r w2 = (L + W) =L +W =W = ²L ²L w1 ² w2) r( (r/W)( w1 ² w2) w1 ² w2) (25) .THEORY .PROOF When combining equations (23) and (24) together.

we get = r/W [(-4N11/N4) ] Where W/r = 4 and N11/N4 = 1 Hence =- .THEORY By substituting equation (24) into equation (25).

VIDEO .

Satellite transmission receiver: the gear system could be applied here if there is a satellite dish and reception or signal needs to be received and thus it is programmed to a particular direction on a moving vehicle In history the design was used as a compass by the ancient Chinese . turbines and drills. It is also used in clocks and wristwatches.POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS This kind of gear system is used in automobiles that is cars.

eu/upload/download/19/en/EngineITDNickPeaco ck(Rolls-Royce).cleansky.pdf .APPLICATIONS OF PLANETARY TRAINS HP compressor Air cooling Turbine midframe Low noise fan Exhaust frame LP spool generator Advanced fan drive gear system http://machinedesign.co m/article/greentechnology-jets-gear-upto-fly-greener-0619 Distributed Control System Electric Starter Generator LP Turbine outer casing High speed LP turbine Development of future generation of Aero engine http://www.

APPLICATIONS OF PLANETARY GEAR TRAINS: DRILL Advantages: Robust Input and Output Shafts in line Carrier Plate (attached to output shaft) Planetary Gearset Planets rotate along with Carrier Plate Sun Ring is stationary .

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