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ORGANIZATIONAL

POLITICS
Prepared By :
Nirag Shah(29)
Chintu Dadhaniya(63)
Hemil Shah(28)
Dhiren Chaudhari(7) Submitted To :

Hemang Chavada(61) Mrs. Amrita Nag


POLITICS?
“Politics is the art of getting things done in your way.”
ORGANIZATIONAL POLITICS
ORGANIZATION POLITICS

“Organization Politics refers to those


activities that are not required as part of one’s
formal role in the organization.”
ESSENCE OF POLITICS

Ø
Ø Disagreement:
 If all the members of organization agreed all the time then there would
be no politics. So political activity arises wherever disagreement exists.

Ø Diversity:
 Organization have different sub-units. Each unit has different goals. So
Diverse goals can create conflict.
Ø
Ø Scarcity:
 Scarcity can prompt political activity if there are competing claims
upon resources.

Ø Interest:
 A Central feature of politics is the understanding of interest.
ATTACKING / BLAMING OTHERS

MANAGING IMPRESSIONS SELECTIVELY DISTRIBUTING INFORMATION

TYPES OF ORG.
POLITICS

ASSOCIATION WITH LINE EXECUTIVES CONTROLLING INFORMATION CHANNELS

INCREASING INDISPENASABILITY FORMING COALITIONS

POLITICAL ACTIVITY IN ORGANISATION


Attacking/Blaming Others:
Ø It is the most direct and nastiest(unpleasant) form of organizational politics.
Ø This includes giving rivals a bad image in the eyes of decision makers.

 Selectively Distributing Information:


Ø Information is a political tool as well as a source of power.
Ø People strategically manage the distribution of information to shape
perceptions, limit performance of rivals.
Ø Information politics involves hoarding information.

 Controlling Information Channels:


Ø Power enables an executive to control the interactions among subordinates as
well as the topics of those discussions.
Ø If leaders want to avoid a decision on a particular topic, they might place the
issue near the bottom of the agenda or devotes time and attention to the
issue.


Forming Coalitions:
Ø It is an informal group that attempts to influence people outside the group
by pooling the resources and power of its members.
Ø Coalition can help people get things done that can’t be accomplish.

Increasing Indispensability:
Ø An individual or sub-unit can use to increase power is to become
indispensable to the organizations.
ü Develop special organizational skills, such as knowledge of computer.
ü Increasing concern to the organization such as trade regulation and
pollution control etc.
ü Increasing centrality in an organization such as accept responsibility,
ability to obtain information and to take an initiative.

Ø
Ø
Associating with powerful line executives:
Ø By attaching oneself to powerful line executive.
Ø Maintaining good relation with top management or by giving best efforts.

Managing Impression:
Ø Impression management is the practice of actively shaping one’s public
image.
Ø Wearing dress, Boss pleasing, Saluting the boss etc. are the part of
impression management tactics.
Ø
FACTORS INFLUENCING POLITICAL
BEHAVIOUR

There are basically two factors that influencing political


behaviour.

Ø Organizational Factors.
Ø Individual Factors.
ØORGANIZATIONAL FACTORS :
§ Reallocation of Resources :
 It is necessary when available resources either increase or decrease .

§ Promotion Opportunities :
 This situation leads to competition and there by political behaviour by the
competing candidates.
§
§ Low Trust :
 It leads to tight control which in tern makes the subordinates to behave
illegitimately.
§
§ Role Ambiguity :
 The unclear expectation from the employee makes him to act politically.
Ø Unclear Performance Appraisal System :
Employee does not know what to do?
And to what level of perfection he has to do? etc.

Ø Zero-Sum Reward System :


The win-lose approach in reward allocation is called zero-sum
approach. People perceive that they won double if others lose.

Ø Democratic Decision Making :


The Autocratic managers cannot make the decisions democratically in its
true sense.

Ø High Performance Pressures :


It make people to find short-cuts and politics to show high performance.
Ø
Ø Self-Serving Senior Managers :
The political behaviour by the top management with rewards and
encourages people at the lower level to resort to politics.
Ø INDIVIDUAL FACTORS :
§ High Self-Monitors :
Skilled in political behaviour.
§ Internal Locus Of Control :
Proactive and prone to manipulate situations in their favour.
§ High Mach Personality :
will to manipulate and desire for power. Use politics to further self
interest.
§ Investment in Organization :
Investment in the term of expectation forces the individual.
§ Perceived job alternatives : More job opportunities an individual has,
results in more political behaviour.
Probability of Political Behaviour in Organization

High
Medium High
Probability Probability
Competition among

employees

Low Medium
Probability Probability

Low
Low Complexity and High
Uncertainty
Sides of Organizational politics
ØDark(Negative) Side.
ØBright(Positive) Side.
Dark(-Ve) Side

Politics often have negative


connotations because people


associate them with attempts to
use organizational resources for
personal advantage and to
achieve personal goals at the
expense of other goals.

Bright(+Ve) Side

Managers can use power


to engage in politics and
influence the decision-
making process to help
promote new, more
appropriate organizational
goals.
Example on
ORGANIZATION POLITICS
MTZ Pistons Ltd
MTZ was manufacturer of pistons in Gurgaon . It was leading manufacture in the
region. It was supplying pistons to Maruti Ltd. Recently it was failing in
commitments to Maruti due to low production.

CEO Mr Dave asked Mr Ramesh Sharma ( Production Manager) the reason for
low production in his shop . Mr Sharma, immediately informed that it was due non
availability of castings in the shop which affected the production.

But the fact was there was enough stock in the shop floor. Mr Sharma was not happy
with the Mr Shafi (Purchase Manager) as Purchase Manager has recently informed
the CEO about huge wastage of material in the shop floor by the Machine shop. This
resulted in works manager getting firing from CEO. Actually Mr Sharma sent back
500 castings which were received day before yesterday to Stores department stating
that they need to be checked once again due to their hardness.

Mr Dave rang up Purchase Manager and said that production is stopped due to
shortage of castings. Shafi informed about the recent lot of 500 castings which came
day before yesterday . Pat came the reply of CEO that he should come to shop
floor and see what is happening rather than enjoying comfort in the office
THANK YOU