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KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 1 of 40
y y y y y y
Define Internet Define the application areas of Internet Explain World Wide Web and define its working Explain File Transfer Protocol Use Email Understand the requirements for Internet Connection
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INTERNET is a network of networks. Just as interstate highway system links one city to another, similarly the Internet links thousands of computer networks.
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This library lends books, audio and video:
Only one item at a time y Any two item at a time y All the three items Internal borrowing among members is also allowed
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the Internet is also: Enjoyable Varied Interesting y Source of information which can be used by netizens KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 5 of 40 .The Internet y Like the library.
Uses Of Internet-1 InternetOn-line employment y Net Banking y On-line education system y Making friends and participating in a discussion y Send and receive electronic greetings from friends and relatives y Go through the catalog of a library y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 6 of 40 .
Uses Of Internet -2 Visit an electronic zoo or museum y Find out most popular programming languages y Download interesting software y Publishing your portfolio over the net y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 7 of 40 .
Internet Resources y WWW FTP Email y y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 8 of 40 .
made up of Hypertext y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 9 of 40 .The World-Wide Web-1 WorldWebUser-friendly y Universal database of knowledge y Web Pages .
The World-Wide Web-2 WorldWebSome technical terms: y Hypertext y Link y HTTP y Browser y Address KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 10 of 40 .
Technical Terms Connection y Request y Service y Formatting y Client y Server y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 11 of 40 .
Browsers and The Internet To search for information on the Internet you need a browser and an Internet connection y A browser is a software application that interprets the language of HTML files posted on the Web y Some browsers can also play sound and video clips along with the web pages y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 12 of 40 .
Web Pages Information on the Internet is available through Web Pages y The most important feature of Web pages is that you can navigate from one page to another y Navigation is possible between web pages that are connected by hyperlinks y You can insert hyperlinks in any web page to lead a viewer of that page to another page y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 13 of 40 .
you can move to the linked location y Linked pages can be in the same document or multiple documents or in different files on the network or any where on the Internet y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 14 of 40 .Hyperlinks Hyperlinks are links created between collections of pages using which you can move to and from pages y A hyperlink is displayed either as text or a graphic y When you click on the hyperlink.
How Hyperlinks work Every web site and web page has a unique address assigned to it y You can create a hyperlink to any other web page on the World Wide Web by using this address y You have to specify the path and address of the page to link to your web page in hyperlink y The browser reads the address of the page to open and takes the reader to that page y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 15 of 40 .
The address of a web page that you view is found in the Address bar of the browser. The URL KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 16 of 40 .An Internet Address y An Internet address is also known as a Uniform Resource Locator (URL).
. .com. HTTP. FTP y The location shows you where the site is located e.edu.g.g.gov y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 17 of 40 .Parts of an Internet Address A protocol is a set of rules and standards that allow computers to exchange information e.org and .g. the World Wide Web (www) y Organization name gives name of the web site owner who maintains it e. Microsoft y The domain type tells you the kind of site it is such as .
Internet Addresses-1 AddressesCode edu com gov body mil org Explanation educational facility commercial organization non-military government military concern other organization KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 18 of 40 .
Internet Addresses-2 AddressesCode net ac au in us uk Explanation network resource academic institution Australia India United States of America England KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 19 of 40 .
Browser Cook .Restaurant Menu card .Example .Server KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 20 of 40 .Web Document Waiter .
Web transaction Steps in a web transaction: y Selection of Hyperlink y Connection to server address y Server services the request Enter web address here KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 21 of 40 .
A sample Web Page KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 22 of 40 .
File Transfer Protocol Is a method of: y Transferring files y Sharing software Advantages of FTP: y Speed y Cost Effective y Choice KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 23 of 40 .
Email y Method to send messages from one computer to another y Made up of two parts: The Address The Message KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 24 of 40 .
Duke Street. John Smith 101. Sunshine Apts.K.Email Addresses-1 AddressesEmail addresses similar to postal addresses y Postal Address y Mr.edu· KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 25 of 40 . y Email Address ¶jennyb@mtu. London.U.
Email Addresses-2 Addresses- Receiver¶s Address KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 26 of 40 .
edu Made up of three parts: y jennyb y mtu y edu KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 27 of 40 .Email Addresses-3 AddressesJennyb@mtu.
g.A.S. y 609 : City code for Princeton y 951 : Local telephone exchange y 9638 : The actual phone number KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 28 of 40 . ¶001 609 951 9638· y Country code for U.Example.S. y 001 : Country code for U.address is similar to Example-Phone Number a phone y An email number A phone number is made up of four parts E.A.
Advantages of e-mail eSpeed y Multimedia y Cost y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 29 of 40 .
Disadvantages of e-mail eCan be sent only to people with email-id y Cannot send anything physical y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 30 of 40 .
Internet Communication FTP SERVER MAIL SERVER INTERNET FTP WEB SERVER SMTP HTTP TCP/IP INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER SERVICE REQUEST YOU KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 31 of 40 .
TCP/IPTCP/IP-1 TCP/IP is made up of: y HTTP y FTP y SMTP KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 32 of 40 .
TCP/IPTCP/IP-2 KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 33 of 40 .
com KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 34 of 40 .aptech-worldwide.To get connected to a web page-1 pagey Enter the address www.
To get connected to a web page-2 pageThe browser then connects our computer to that of the ISP y This computer then contacts a computer that contains the locations of all the computers whose names end in the ¶com· code y The exact location of the computer called ¶aptech-worldwide· is then obtained from there y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 35 of 40 .
we should try again after some time y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 36 of 40 . connects to the computer called ¶aptech-worldwide· y This computer is then requested for a HTTP document y If the server is free then it sends the page as requested.To get connected to a web page-3 pageThe server computer at the ISP. otherwise it sends a busy signal y If such a signal is received.
To get connected to a web page-4 page- KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 37 of 40 .
3 GB onwards HDD Multimedia Kit KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 38 of 40 .64 Mb RAM 4.Requirements for an Internet ConnectionConnection-1 Computer with Browser Software y Modem with Communication Software y Computers y A PC with 300 Mhz 32 .
Requirements for an Internet ConnectionConnection-2 KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 39 of 40 .
Summary Internet is a big network made up of network made up of smaller ones y World Wide Web is a service that allows the users to access to almost any information that is on the internet y Internet helps us to send our mails through emails and download or upload any information through FTP y KITSO XP / Chapter 16 / 40 of 40 .
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