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Soal ujian Akhir Kuliah Petroleum System

Sifat : Open Book


Waktu : 1 minggu (tanggal 12-19 Mei 2009)

Buat Makalah Evaluasi Petroleum system tentang Cekungan


Kendeng/ Jawa Timur
GLOBAL TECTONIC FRAMEWORK OF INDONESIA
Sedimentary basins of Indonesia
66 basins (Pertamina and Beicip, 1985)
INDONESIA SEDIMENTARY BASIN

100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140

1 2
1 5
2
1
4
4
1
4 4
3 1 0
4 4 4
2 2 4
2 1
2 4
1
4 1 3
4 1 3 3
4 1
3
3 3 3
1 2 1 4 -5
3 3
1 4
1 3
4 3
4
1 4 3
3
4 3
2 -10

1. CEKUNGAN PRODUKSI 3. CEKUNGAN BELUM ADA PENEMUAN

2. CEKUNGAN BELUM PRODUKSI 4. CEKUNGAN BELUM DIEKSPLORASI


STATUS CEKUNGAN SEDIMEN DI INDONESIA

SEDIMENTARY BASINS IN INDONESIA (60)

UNDRILLED (22) DRILLED (38)

DISCOVERY (23) NOT DISCOVERY YET (15)

PRODUCING (16*) NOT PRODUCING YET (7)

(* Tambahan 1 cekungan yang berproduksi mulai tahun 2006 adalah cekungan Banggai-Sula)
INDONESIA SEDIMENTARY BASINS
100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140
Line dividing western and eastern
1 2 Indonsian Sedimentary basin
1 5
2
1
4
4
1
4 4
3 1 0
4 4 4
2 2 4
2 1
2 4
1
4 1 3
4 1 3 3
4 1
3
3 3 3
1 2 1 4 -5
3 3
1 4
1 3
4 3
4
1 4 3
3
4 3
2 -10

1. CEKUNGAN PRODUKSI 3. CEKUNGAN BELUM ADA PENEMUAN

2. CEKUNGAN BELUM PRODUKSI 4. CEKUNGAN BELUM DIEKSPLORASI


Stratigraphic summary of Western Indonesia
Stratigraphic summary of Eastern Indonesia
WESTERN INDONESIA
Lampiran 2.03

WESTERN INDONESIA BASIN


BASIN DEVELOPMENT IN WESTERN INDONESIA
TERTIARY BASIN

TECTONOSTRATIGRAPHY:
PALEOGENE TIME  RIFT BASIN
NEOGENE TIME  BACK-ARC, PASSIVE CONTINENTAL MARGIN,
FORELAND, INTRA CONTINENTAL

PALEOGENE TIME :
SYNRIFT  EOCENE-OLIGOCENE TIME
POST RIFT  LATE OLIGOCENE TO EARLY MIOCENE

NEOGENE TIME
BACK-ARC BASIN  SUMATRA AND JAVA
PASSIVE CONT. MARGIN  KUTAI AND TARAKAN
FORELAND BASIN  BARITO
INTRACONTINENTAL BASIN  NATUNA
NORTH SUMATRA BASIN
90o E 100o E
LEGEND :
α=20º Active Strike-Slip Fault Inactive
Active Oceanic transform

Oceanic ridge spreading


Inactive
Inactive
NORTH SUMATRA BASIN
centre (active)
Trench System

Direction of convergent plate motion


ACTUAL TECTONIC POSITION
α Angle of Plate Convergence

Volcano BACK ARC BASIN OF ACTIVE CONT


Edge of rifted continental crust MARGIN
Subduction complex

MULTI STORIES BASIN


10o N
RIFT BASIN DURING PALEOGEN
 BACK ARC SINCE NEOGENE
MERGUI RIDGE

N.SUMATRA BASIN SCALE


0 250 KM

CENTRAL SUMATRA BASIN

SUNDA MICROPLATE
0o
S.SUMATRA BASIN
α=55º

INDIAN-AUSTRALIAN PLATE

α=90º

Tectonic Framework of Sumatra (Modified after Davies, 1984)


BASIN CONFIGURATION IN NORTH SUMATRA AREA
Regional stratigraphic column of the North Sumatra Basin, showing zones of production from Oligocene to Pliocene (after
Longman, 1994)
PETROLEUM SYSTEM OF NORTH SUMATRA BASIN
SOURCE ROCKS INTERVAL

SYRIFT SEQ.:
BAMPO F.  LACUSTRINE DEPOSITS (TYPE I)

POST RIT SEQ.:


BELUMAI F.  SHALLOW MARINE (TYPE II?)

BACK ARC SEQ.:


BAONG F. SHALLOW TO DEEP MARINE
(TYPE II AND III)
PETROLEUM SYSTEM OF NORTH SUMATRA BASIN
RESERVOIR INTERVAL:
PRE RIFT SEQ.
BASEMENT FRACTURED METASEDIMENT

SYNRIFT SEQ.
PARAPAT F. FLUVAL

POST RIFT SEQ.


BELUMAI/PEUTU SHALLOW MARINE CARBONATE

BACK-ARC SEQ.
• BAONG F. DEEP WATER SAND
• KEUTAPANG  DELTAIC
• SEURELA  DELTAIC
• JULU RAYEU  DELTAIC
TECTONIC ELEMENT OF NORTH SUMATRA BASIN (PRESENT DAY)

96° E 97° E 98° E

MERGUI
RIDGE PASE SUB BASIN

SIGLI
PLATFORM
5° N

GEUREUDONG
VOLCANO

TAMPUR PLATFORM

4° N

0 MILES 200

0 KILOMETERS 100

Sosromihardjo, 1988
NORTH SUMATRA BASIN FRAMEWORK
“A” GAS FIELD
97°00’ E 98 00’ EE
98°00’
J-1
J-1 R
J-2
J-3 R
LHOK

JULOCUT-1 MALACCA
SUKON
IDI SHELF
JAWA K-1
K-1
DEEP DEEP
N-1
H-1
H-1
40 km
TERBANG-1
DUYUNG-1
TERIPANG-1
L-1
L-1
PLATFORM
BASIN CONFIGURATION
ONS A-2 IKAN REEF
ONS A-5 ONS A-4 FAIRWAY SHALLOW
ONS A-1 ONS A-3 OUTCROPPED BASEMENT
5°00’N LEMURU-1 BASEMENT
ALUR
SIWAH
HIGH PEUREULAK-1
ONS B-1

LHOK 0 -2 SEC.TWT BASIN


SUKON PLATFORM
HIGH
?

TAMIANG-1
2 -3 SEC.TWT
BASIN SLOPE
KUALA
KUALA
COMPLEX
? LANGSA-1
LANGSA-1
LANGSA
3 -5 SEC.TWT
ASAHAN
ARCH
BASIN
LOCATION ?
>5.0 SEC.TWT DEEP

MAJOR REGIONAL FAULT


4°00’ N
COASTLINE

LANGKAT

SUB BASIN

MEDAN

Medan
99°00’ E
98°00’ E High
OFFSHORE NORTH SUMATERA WELL GEOCHEMISTRY

Kerogen
Well Formation Litology Age TOC (%) Ro HI S2 S3 S2/S3 T Max SCI PI
Type
Baong Shale Mid. Miocene 1 - 1.7 0.5 - 0.6 26 - 150
Glagah-1 Limeston Humic
Malaca Early Miocene 1.5 - 2 0.66 96 - 135
e

GOS - IA Baong Shale Mid. Miocene 1 - 1.5 III 0.55 - 1 50 - 120 poor - fair 435 - 455 8 0.2 - 0.3

Baong Shale Mid. Miocene 1-2 0.6 - 1.2 50 - 130 420 - 440 0.1 - 0.15
Lemuru-1 II - III
Belumai Siltstone Early Miocene 1.2 - 9 1.2 - 2.2 130 - 200 440 - 445 0.2 - 0.3

Salem-1 Baong Shale Mid. Miocene 0.5 - 2 Humic > 0.55 >5

Teripang-1 Baong Shale Mid. Miocene 0.8 - 1.2 II - III > 0.55 100 425 - 440 5.6

Terbang-1 Baong Shale Mid. Miocene 0.7 - 1 II - III 0.4 - 0.55

Baong Shale Mid. Miocene 0.8 - 1 0.55 435


Duyung-1 II
Belumai Siltstone Early Miocene 0.8 - 2 0.6 - 1 435 - 445

Baong Shale Mid. Miocene


Tamiang-1 II - III
Belumai Siltstone Early Miocene

Wells’s geochemical data of North Sumatra Basin that suggests the Baong and Belumai shale are possible secondary source rock
BASEMENT HIGH AND LOW TRENDS SUPERPOSED ON SOURCE ROCK MAP

MEULU CUT
PROSPECT GOS-1
GOS-1
Sembilan
RTU-1 104
RTU-1
Malaysia
GOS-2A
RT-52 GOS-2A NORTH
RT-52

Sembilan
KS-2
KS-2
0
ARO-2
ARO-2
SR-2 Serang
SR-2 ARO-1
KLD-1 Jaya ARO-1 3
KLD-1
ABS-1
ABS-1
OVERMATURE
Sembilan
(BAONG)
Index Map
Sekundur POOR-FAIR
SEK-1
SEK-1
BES-1
BES-1
T.Barat SEC-4
SEC-4
GEB-9
GEB-9
NORTH
P.BERANDAN
P.BERANDAN SCG-1
BES-2
BES-2 SCG-1
TST-1
TST-1 0 10 km
Pkl Berandan
DRU-1
DRU-1

Pantai-Pakam
BAS-AL
BAS-AL

T.Pura
PPT
PPT-2A
PPT-2A

Wampu
WP-2
WP-2
BTM-1
BTM-1 Kotapari
MEDAN
MEDAN
Diski
BMS-1
BMS-1
DIS-2 Polonia
IMMATURE
DIS-2
(BAONG)
POL-1
LEGEND BHR-1
BHR-1
POL-1

MATURE & GOOD TOC


IMMATURE
(BAONG) TWA-1
TWA-1
MATURE TEBING
TEBINGTINGGI
TINGGI
Kotari
OVERMATURE

POOR-FAIR
Dolok Merawar
Structural Highs

Structural Lows

Low Trend

High Trend
ISOPACH MATURE SOURCE ROCK MAP

KMU-1

KSB

KST

PTD
PTT
SBU-1
GEB

SEC

PPTPPT-1
3

2/2A

2
NORTH SOUTH
RANTAU ARU LANGKAT–MEDAN

TWA-1
TPB-1
BAS-1
RTU-1

KSE-1

PSL-1

PT-21

DIS-2
SR-2
DF : 8.94 DF : 7.97 DF : 5.4 DF : 6.14DF : 8.61 DF : 26.77 DF : 17.00 DF : 35.6 DF : 24.18 DF : 48.0 DF : 45.49
DF : 8.03 DF : 14.44 DF : 49.12

0
300 F. S E U R U L A
F. K E U T A P A N G

900 KEUTAPANG BAWAH

DA : 1232 M F. B A O N G
1500
DA : 1550 M
DA : 1600 M

BAONG BAWAH M B S DA : 2012 M


2100 DA : 2051.7 M
DA : 2116 M
? DA : 2200 M
DA : 2400 M
DA : 2427 M T J. M O R A W A
F. B E L U M A I
DA : 2746 M
2700 EFFECTIVE DA : 2830 M D I S K I H I G H
T A M I A N G SOURCE ROCK DA : 2938 M
H I G H
DA : 3000 M ? DA : 3075.3 M RTU-1 U
W A M P U
D E E P KSE-1
Y A N G B E S A R H I G H
? H I G H SR-2
SBL-1
PSL-1
PT-21
PKL. BERANDAN
SEC-2
? TST-1 KTD-1

BAS-1

TPB-1
WP-2
? POL-1
DIS-2
TWA-1

0
SKALA
15 Km PETA INDEKS

N-S CROSS SECTION : RANTAU – ARU – LANGKAT - MEDAN


RANTAU DEEP
North Sumatra Basin MATURATION MODELLING ON STRUCTURAL HIGH-LOW MAP
O M
0 P PHFm
MISS SEUREULA
SEUREULA

1000
KEUTAPANG 98°00'
98°30'
99°00'
GEBANG
North Sumatra Basin
LOW

RANTAU DEEP
M P P
U D

N 0 O
HFmMISS SEUREULA
Depth (m)

2000 SEUREULA
BAONG
4°30' KEUTAPANG
3000 1000

BELUMAI
4000 Early Mature (oil)
0.7 to 0.8 (%Ro)

Depth (m)
PRE-BELUMAI Mid Mature (oil) 2000 BAONG
0.8 to 1 (%Ro) U D
Late Mature (oil)
1 to 1.3 (%Ro)
5000 Main Gas Generation
5200 1.3 to 2.6 (%Ro) U D
30 20 10 0 U D
Age (my) 3000 BELUMAI
U D

D U BAMPO
Early Mature (oil)

GEBANG LOW
BSMT 0.7 to 0.8 (%Ro)
4000
Mid Mature (oil)

GEB
CMP=FM;TH=THF;MAT=LL
DARAT UTARA-1A 0.8 to 1 (%Ro)
TG=1;TI=0.5;EXP=TR;PRM=MKC
BURIAL HISTORY & MATURITY DIAGRAM DARAT UTARA-1a WELL Late Mature (oil)
North Sumatra Basin DI=1.000
1 to 1.3 (%Ro)
interpreter: nhr 4°00' Main Gas Generation
M P P Fm 1.3 to 2.6 (%Ro)
0
H KEUTAPANG 5000
30 20 10 0
D U Age (my)
D U

1000
D U
BAONG

U D
Depth(m)

2000
BURIAL HISTORYSelatan-1
& MATURITY DIAGRAM BATUMANDI SELATAN - 1 WELL
MEDAN
CMP=FM;TH=THF;MAT=LL
Batumandi
TG=1;TI=0.5;EXP=TR;PRM=MKC

DI=1
BELUMAI North Sumatra Basin 000
interpreter: nhr
3000 BAMPO O M P PH FmMISS SEUREULA
0
Early Mature (oil) SEUREULA
DRU-1A
3°30'
0.5 to 0.7 (%Ro)
Mid Mature (oil)
0.7 to 1 (%Ro) D U
4000 U D
Late Mature (oil)
1 to 1.3 (%Ro)
4500 Main Gas Generation

TEBING TINGGI DEEP


t=0 1.3 to 2.6 (%Ro) KEUTAPANG
22 20 15 10 5 0
Age (My)
nana/c/mydocu/bmod-1d/nsb/dru1mat.ppt LEGEND : 1000

BMS-1

Depth(m)
HIGH
CMP=FM;TH=THF;MAT=
BASILAM-A1a LL
BURIAL HISTORY & MATURITY DIAGRAM BASILAM-A1a WELL
North Sumatra Basin
TG=1;TI=0.5;EXP=TR;PRM=MKC

DI=1000
3°00' LOCAL HIGH BAONG
interpreter: nhr 2000
M P P FmMISS SEUREULA
0
H SEUREULA LOW Early Mature (oil)
0.5 to 0.7 (%Ro)
TRANSITION
Mid Mature (oil)
LOCAL LOW BELUMAI
BSMT
0.7 to 1 (%Ro)
Late Mature (oil)
KEUTAPANG 1 to 1.3 (%Ro)
1000
BASIN SLOPE 3000 t=0
Main Gas Generation
1.3 to 2.6 (%Ro)
40 30 20 10 0
Age (My)
GAS SAMPLES
Depth(m)

BAS-1A BAONG GONDWANA,1980


2000

BELUMAI
BAMPO
BSMT Early Mature (oil)
0.5 to 0.7 (%Ro)
3000 Mid Mature (oil)
0.7 to 1 (%Ro)
Late Mature (oil)
1 to 1.3 (%Ro)
3600 Main Gas Generation
t=0 1.3 to 2.6 (%Ro)
20 15 10 5 0
Age (My)
nana/c/mydocu/bmod-1d/nsb/basamat.ppt
. Maturity profile across the Malacca strait indicated middle mature stage in source rocks assessment within the Langsa Block
000000candidate area (after Sumber Daya Bumi, 1992)
BASEMENT CONFIGURATION MAP OF NORTH SUMATRA BASIN
98°30' 99°00'
98°00'

U D

4°30'

KSB
U D
KST
U D

U D
N
D U
PTT
PTD
GEB
4°00'
SEC

TAMIANG DEEP
D U
D U

D U

U D PPT
MEDAN

3°30'
LEGEND :
D U
U D
HIGH

LOCAL HIGH

LOW

3°00' LOCAL LOW

BASIN SLOPE

U D
NORMAL FAULT

TRANSVERSE FAULT

UN-IDENTIFIED FAULT

GONDWANA,1980
DEPOSITIONAL FACIES MAP OF PARAPAT FM. / BASAL SANDSTONE

MEULU CUT
PROSPECT
DEPOSITIONAL FACIES MAP OF BELUMAI / PEUTU FM.

104
Malaysia
PEUTU NORTH

Platform 0
Edge
3

Index Map

Outer Platform NORTH


BELUMAI 0 10 km

RTU-1

RT-52
GOS-1
Middle Platform
GOS-2A

MEULU CUT
KS-2
PROSPECT ARO-2
SR-2
ARO-1
KLD-1
ABS-1

PUSHUNG
SEK-1 SEC-4
BES-1 NSO
GEB-9
P.BERANDAN
BES-2
TST-1
DRU-1
SCG-1
Inner Platform
ASAHAN-01

BAS-AL

PPT-2A

WP-2
BTM-1
MEDAN

BMS-1
DIS-2
LEGEND POL-1
BHR-1

Environmental Set-Up TWA-1

Transistional TEBING TINGGI

Littoral
Nearshore Transistional
Middle Neretic
Shelf Clastics / Isolated Carbonates
Shelf Clastics / Isolated Carbonates
Outer-Middle Neretic
Platform Edge
Outer Neritic
Open Shelf

Sediment Transport Direction


DEPOSITIONAL FACIES MAP OF MIDDLE BAONG SANDS FM.

104
Malaysia
NORTH

3
MEULU CUT
PROSPECT
Index Map

NORTH
0 10 km

GOS-1

RTU-1
GOS-2A
RT-52

KS-2

ARO-2
SR-2
ARO-1
KLD-1
ABS-1

PUSHUNG

SEK-1 SEC-4
BES-1 NSO
GEB-9
P.BERANDAN SCG-1
BES-2
TST-1 ASAHAN-01

DRU-1

BAS-AL

PPT-2A

WP-2
BTM-1
MEDAN

BMS-1
DIS-2

LEGEND POL-1

BHR-1

Environmental Set-Up TWA-1

TEBING TINGGI

Coastal Plain
Shelf
Slope
Sembilan Sands
Besitang Sands
Lower Baong Sands
Sediment Transport Direction
DANAU
Feeder channels TOBA
DEPOSITIONAL FACIES MAP OF LOWER KEUTAPANG FM.

104
Malaysia
NORTH

3
MEULU CUT
PROSPECT
Index Map

NORTH
0 10 km

GOS-1
RTU-1
GOS-2A
RT-52

KS-2
ARO-2
SR-2
ARO-1
KLD-1
ABS-1

PUSHUNG
SEK-1 SEC-4
BES-1 NSO
GEB-9
P.BERANDAN SCG-1
BES-2
TST-1 ASAHAN-01

DRU-1

BAS-AL

PPT-2A

WP-2
BTM-1
MEDAN

BMS-1
DIS-2
LEGEND POL-1
BHR-1

Environmental Set-Up TWA-1


TEBING TINGGI

Marsh
Tidal Flat
Deltaic and Barrier Bar Complexes
Offshore Neritic

Sediment Transport Direction


SOURCE ROCKS : Bampo, Peutu/ Belumai, Baong Shale

Sandstones; Julu Rayau, Seurula, Keutapang Bawah,


RESERVOIR : Baong Tengah Belumai; Belumai & Basal Sandstone

SEAL : Bampo, Baong, Keutapang Shale

Stucture: Related to Barisan deformation, and


TRAPS : Wrench system
Stratigraphy ;Peutu/Belumai, middle Baong sands

MIGRATION : Lower Miocene – Pliocene (HC Generation)

SUMMARY OF PETROLEUM SYSTEM


HYDROCARBON PLAY MODEL OF ARU, LANGKAT / MEDAN AREA

Diapir 1a
Serula-Julurayeu Fms.
1d
1b Keutapang Fm.
1c
1e

Upper Baong
2a Baong Fm.
Proto Diapir

2c 2e
2b 2f
2d

Shale Out 3a
Baong Fm.
Lower Baong Effective 4b 4c
Source rock

4a
Belumai Fm.
Bampo Fm. Basal Sandstone
5a

Possible
Source rock

1 Lower Keutapang Sandstones 3 Lower Baong Sandstones


a- Main Anticlinal Trend ( Gebang Type )
a- Associated with Diapir (Sungai Liput Type/Abandoned)
b- Roll Over Anticlines (Kuala Simpang Type )
c- Secondary Roll Over Anticlines (Perapen Type Flat Play-New Play)) 4 Belumai Sandstones
d- Main Anticlinal Trend ( Serang Type ) a- Associated with Diapirs ( Pancuran Type / New Play )
e- Associated with Proto-Diapir ( Paluh Tabuhan Timur Type ) b- Main Anticlinal Trend ( Serang Type )
c- Basement with Drape ( Polonia Type )
2 Middle Baong Sandstones
a- Thrust Associated Anticlines (Besitang Type ) 5 Basal Sandstones
b- Subthrust plays ( Tabuhan Barat Type )
c- Wedge Out plays Labuk Kashih Type / Abandoned ) a- Flanks odf Structural Highs
d- Roll Over Anticlines ( Tungkam Type ) ( Pantai Pakam Timur Type / New Play )
e- Main Anticlinal Trend (Securai Type )
f- Associated with proto-Diapirs ( Paya Bedi Type /New Play )
Tertiary Age
Pre-
Tertiary Eocene Oligocene Miocene Pliocene Pleis- Petroleum
Middle Late Early Late Early Middle Late Early Late tocene System
Basement Tampur/Mecapeuli Prapat Bampo Peutu/Belumai Baong Keutapang Seureula Julurayeu Idi Formation
Source Rocks
Reservoir
Seal
Overburden
Generation
Migration
Accumulation
Preservation

Petroleum System Chart of North Sumatra Basin


CENTRAL SUMATRA-OMBILIN BASIN
CENTRAL SUMATRA BASIN
ACTUAL TECTONIC POSITION

BACK ARC BASIN OF ACTIVE CONT


MARGIN
A’
MULTI STORIES BASIN
RIFT BASIN DURING PALEOGEN
 BACK ARC SINCE NEOGENE

A
A A’
Present
Volcanic Arc (East Barisan Mtns.)
(West Barisan Mtns.) Non-Volcanic At Present
General Stratigraphy of Central Sumatra Basin
Typical petroleum system related to Rift basin
X SECTION BASIN MODEL
Paleogene grabens as indicate by gravity data
Heat flow map in the Central Sumatra Basin
Basin Evolution
• F0; Pre Tertiary  Amalgamation of Basement, Terrane

• F1; Eo-Oligocene  Extension Tectonic


– Rift Basin Formation
Source Rock Deposition of Pematang Group
Brown Shale, Dark Brown shale Lacustrine sediments

• F2; Early to Middle Miocene  Wrench Tectonic


– Sagging Phase
• Reservoir Rock deposition of Sihapas Group ;
– Menggala, Bangko, Bekasap and Telisa Formation
• Trap formation in older stratigraphic section (N-S to NNW-SSE trend)

• F3; Middle miocene to Recent Major Compression


– Barisan Compressional Phase.
• Petani Group Deposition in Back Arc setting.
• Trap formation in Sihapas Group (NW-SE trend)
Hydrocarbon Migration Path Ways
Summary of Petroleum System in Central Sumatra Basin (Pertamina BPPKA, 1996)
RIFT PLAY IN OMBILIN BASIN OUTCROP, WEST SUMATERA

by:
Dardji Noeradi
Djuhaeni
Batara Simanjuntak
PRESENTATION OUTLINE

GENERAL IDEAS

ANALOG FROM OMBILIN BASIN

CONCLUSIONS
LET’S GO TO DEEPER EXPLORATION TARGET !
WHY ?

Some Reasons:

Our modern civilization still needs hydrocarbon energy, we need new


hydrocarbon reserve to keep “our world runing”.

In western part of Indonesia, most of Neogene Reservoirs have been well


explored and event well exploited.

Based on our understanding of Rift Basin system, in deeper section we


might have new opportunities to discover new hydrocarbon
accumulation.

Its time to take relatively higher risk since the Oil prize is very high.
If we want to go deeper to the relatively “new world” then
we need :

• Good theoritical background


• Good References
• Good analog

The OUTCROPS in the Ombilin basin might serve as good


analog for Rift Basin model.

For Geoscientist “IMAGING IS OUR BUSSINESS”


ANALAOG is a BRIDGE toward IMAGINATION
What is the most problematic petroleum system
elements when we are going deeper ?

Source rocks? No


 A lot of source rocks in the synrift section

Seal ? Yes and No

 The lacustrine shale and deltaic probably could act as a good seal

Reservoir ? Yes in term of quality


 Deep burial, advanced diagenesis, reduces reservoir quality

Outcrops in the Ombilin Basin  Reservoir analog


ANALOG FROM OMBILIN BASIN

Why Ombilin Basin ?


1. All rocks unit which represent basin cycles (pre rift, synrift, post rift) have
been crop outs in the certain parts of the basin

2. The out crops always renewed by open pit coal mining and road cuts.

Good opportunity to look the basin stratigraphy/


sedimentology and structure.
A’

Ombilin
Basin

TECTONIC FRAMEWORK OF OMBILIN BASIN


A A’
Present
Volcanic Arc (East Barisan Mtns.)
(West Barisan Mtns.) Non-Volcanic At Present

1. INTRAMONTANE BASIN ?

2. RIFT BASIN ?
Neogene section

Paleogene section

Pre Tertiary

STRATIGRAPHY OF OMBILIN BASIN ITB-CPI 1996


Sinamar-1

NE-SW SEISMIC SECTION SHOWING HALF GRABEN RIFT GEOMETRY OF OMBILIN BASIN
A A’

NE-SW SIMPLIFIED XSECTION


A A’

OIL ZONE

NE-SW SIMPLIFIED XSECTION


SUMMARY OF OMBILIN BASIN

BASED ON OUTCROP AND SEISMIC SECTION THE


OMBILIN BASIN CAN BE CHARACTERIZED AS :

• HALF GRABEN GEOMETRY TRENDING NW-SE

• FLUVIAL–LACUSTRINE ASSOCIATE WITH FANGLOMERATES FACIES AT


THE BASE

 TYPICAL OF RIFT BASIN


TECTONOSTRATIGRAPHY OF RIFT BASIN
(PROSER 1992)
OUTCROP SCALE OF RIFT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT
PRE RIFT ROCK (BASEMENT)
Conglomeratic sandstone of Brani Formation, road cut outcrop close to Pagias Hill:
(Early synrift flex margin)
Conglomeratic debris flow deposits with laminated shale interval (synrift;
transition Fanglomerate and deep lake depostion)
Conglomeratic sandstone interval within transition Brani and sangkarewang
(synrift ; tongue of fluvial channel to lacustrine)
Laminated sandstone interval (distal Turbidite) within Sangkarewang
Formation Kolok village; Distal lacustrine Turbidite (early synrift)
Papery shale interlaminated with thin calcareous sand (van Houten cycle) of
lacustrine sediments; Sangkarewang Formation; maximum rift
Laminated sandstone interval (distal Turbidite) within Sangkarewang
Formation; Distal lacustrine Turbidite (maximum synrift)
Roadcut outcrop of Turbiditic sandstone of Selo member Sangkarewang
Formation near Talawi village: Reservoir potential from early synrift
Parambahan coal open pit: Fluvial-
Lacustrine Deltaic of lower
Sawahlunto Formation : Potential
reservoir and seal from late synrift
Parambahan coal open pit: Fluvial- Lacustrine Deltaic of lower to middle
Sawahlunto Formation : Potential reservoir
and seal from late synrift
Fluvial Channel massive sandstones of upper Sawahlunto Formation:
potential reservoir from late synrift
Massive conglomeratic sandstone of post rift sediment;
Sawahtambang Formation
DEPOSITIONAL MODEL WITHIN SYNRIFT

Braid river channel


Deltaic Lacustrine Turbiditic sandstone in lacustrine
Maendering Fluvial channel
TECTONOSTRATIGRAPHY OF OMBILIN BASIN

POST RIFT F.
SAWAHTAMBANG

LATE SYNRIFT F.
SAWAHLUNTO

EARLY SYNRIFT F.
BRANI/SKRW

PRE RIFT
TATANAN STRATIGRAFI SUB CEKUNGAN JAMBI
South Sumatra Paleogene Graben System

PLK-A

SRH-1 BTG-1
Organic Facies Distribution in the Syn-Rift Deposits of Western Natuna Area (After Pertamina BPPKA, 1996)
Glacio - Eustacy & Pronounced Fluvial Incisio
MUDA
Main Report-50

Figure 35. General Stratigraphy of West Natuna Area (Premiere Oil, 2001)
Main Report-53

Figure 37. Main Trap Model in Natuna Area (After Pertamina BPPKA, 1996)
Main Report-55

Figure 38. Location Map of North West Java Sea Area (Bushnell & Temansja, 1986)
Main Report-57

Figure 39. The Stratigraphic Column of Northwest Java Basin


Main Report-60

Figure 41. Petroleum System Cross Section at The Sunda-Asri Basin (Pertamina BPPKA, 1996)
Main Report-66

Figure 44. Reservoirs, Traps and seals in the Sunda Basin (Prayitno, et. al., 1992)
Main Report-68

Figure 45. Regional tectonic setting for the East Java Basin (Mudjiono & Pireno, 2001).
N
50 KMS

PATCHREEF OVER PLATFORM

FRINGINGREEF AT RIM OF BASEMENT

BASINAL LIME MUD MOUND


Main Report-69

SHELF EDGE BARRIER REEF

PINNACLE REEF OVER OFFSHORE ISOLATED PLATFORM


AHS/depoenvkujung/18-8-2001

Figure 46. Depositional Facies of Oligo-Miocene Carbonates of the East Java Basin (Satyana & Darwis, 2001)
KUTAI BASIN
Makassar Straits Structural Domains
Regional Structural Cross-section

SW ATTAKA SANTAN MERAH BESAR Janaka Nakula HIU AMAN


Hiu Martil
Epsilon
Delta NE
Thin-skin
Thrust
1.0

2.0

3.0

? ? 4.0
? ? Shelf Edge
? ?
5.0

Listric 6.0

Faults
Basement Block Uplift 7.0

TWT
5 km
Seismic Regional Structural Cross-section

SW ATTAKA SANTAN MERAH BESAR Janaka Nakula Hiu aman Epsilon Delta
NE

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

TWT
Kutei Basin History

Aggrading
Compression

Deltaics

Prograding
Deltaics
Sag

Marine
Transgression
Carbonate
Platforms
Syn-rift

Terrestrial
Clastics in
Rift Grabens

Principal Reservoirs are Pliocene, Upper Miocene, and Middle Miocene Slope,
Base of Slope, and Basin-Floor Turbidite Sands, Sealed by Basinal Shales. Source Material is
Terrestrial Organic Matter, Transported into the Basin by Turbidity Currents.
Main Report-5

Figure 2. Stratigraphy of Eastern Part Kutei Basin and Conceptual Model of Lowstand Deposition
Figure 3. Facies Model of the Deepwater Offshore Kutei Basin (Lumadyo, 1998)
Deepwater Deposition

3.4 6.1 4.5 1.7 2.7 1.4 1.2 .8 1.6 2.9 1.9 2.0 3.0
Schematic Deepwater Depositional Model

Shelf

Slope

Submarine Canyon
Basin Floor

8,000 ft.
Slope Channels

Distal Basin Floor


Base-of-Slope Channel Complex

Proximal Basin Floor

Medial Basin Floor


Kerogen Typing

Van Krevelan Diagram – Deep Water Kutei Basin Wells

1000

Type I Gendalo-2 Bulk Chemical Kerogen Typing


Offshore East Kalimantan Deep Water, Indonesia
900 West Seno-1
West Seno-4
Ranggas-2
800 1000.0
Ranggas-4 West Seno-4
Gendalo-2
Gendalo-3 Ranggas-2
700 Ranggas-4 TYPE II
Merah Besar-2ST 100.0
Gendalo-3
TYPE I
Hydrogen Index (mg HC/g TOC)

S2 (mg HC/g rock)


Merah Besar-2ST
West Seno-1
600
10.0

TYPE III
500
Type II 1.0
HI=700

Oil Prone HI=200


400

0.1
0.1 1.0 10.0 100.0
300 TOC (%)
Gas-Condensate Prone

200 Type III Confirmation of Similarity to


Onshore and Shallow Water
100
Province Source Rocks
0
0 100 200 300 400 500 600
Oxygen Index (mg CO2/g TOC)
Stratigraphic Source Distribution

TOC Range & Distribution by Age

KR20-50 Pliocene

KR 50-70

Upper Miocene
KR70-80

>KR80 All samples (n = 5,810)

Mean
<KR90

KR90-100
Primary Source Rock Interval

>KR100

Middle Miocene
<KR 120

KR120-140

KR140-160

KR160-240 Lower Miocene

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
TOC (%)
Present Day Source Rock Maturity

BANGKA

A’
HIU
AMAN

WEST
SENO

MERAH
BESAR

A
0
A Modern Shelf Margin
A’
RANGGAS
1

5,000’
SADEWA
2 KR50
KR70 WB
10,000’
3 KR80
Depth in meters (X1000)

4 GEHEM
15,000’ KR100 Gada
5

6
20,000’ Lower Mid-Miocene
7 KR120 Source WB_july04 (meters)
KR50_hub (meters)
25,000’ KR70_hub (meters)
8 KR80_hub (meters)
KR100_hub (meters)

9
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Distance in meters (X1000) GULA

Lower Mid-Miocene Source Rock


(mid point between KR120 and Oligocene)
Maturity Map (%VR )
EAST JAVA
Petroleum System Review

Oil types:

A and B  derived from Algal Marine clastic and carbonate (type II)
C  derived from Algal Lacustrine (type I)
D and E  derived from Higher Plant (type III)

Gas types:
Thermogenic  can be derived from type I, II or III
Biogenic  bacteria activities in shallow depth
Mixed  both Mecanism

Styana and Purwaningsih 2006


Petroleum System Review

Hydrocarbon occurrences and types in East Java basin (Stayana & Purwaningsih 2006)
Stratigraphy and Interval of hydrocarbon discovery in the East java Basin
Reservoir Potential in Toto-1 – Wunut-1 – Porong-1 – CD-1 – Q-1 – Baluran-1 in the Brantas Block
(after Lapindo Brantas, 1996)
Petroleum system Review
Oils were generated from medium maturity of expected source rocks;

1. Middle Eocene Ngimbang


 Following NE-SW rift system

2. Late Oligocene Lower Kujung


 Following NE-SW structural trend

3. Early Miocene Tuban shale/coal


 Following E-W structural trend

Thermogenic gas  source similar to those of oil


Biogenic gas  Neogene source

Styana and Purwaningsih 2006


111º E 113º E 115º E

LANDMASS
N

50 KM

6º S

Camar

Payang NORTH MADURA PLATFORM


Bukit Tua-Jenggolo
KE 40
KE 23
KE 30
KE 2

7º S Mudi

CENTRAL HIGH
BD

Proven Ngimbang Reservoir


SOUTH HIGH

8º S

Proven Paleogene Sands


OIL FIELD (SOME WITH GAS)
THERMOGENIC GAS FIELD (WITH CONDENSATE)
BIOGENIC GAS FIELD

Hypothetical Ngimbang Formation development controlled by NE-SW rift system


CHARGING MODEL FOR YOUNGER RESERVOIR IN PORONG AND SURROUNDED AREA (KUSUMASTUTI 2003)
Banjarpanji#1

LATE PLIOCENE

EARLY PLIOCENE=BD ?

EARLY MIOCENE ?
BP #1

Top BD interval

TD 9000’

1000 m tight volc sand


BD sand ?

BD sand log character

BD sand defined in BD well very limited well information


BD sand in Banjarpanji area  volcanoclastic sediments mostly tight
Semi regional correlation  BD sand develop locally ?
Exploration target on BD sand  Relatively high risk  need more comprehensive study
 Possible stratigraphic play
Main Report-25

Figure 16. Volcaniclastic Facies Model (after Vessel and Davies, 1981) – Interpretation of Wunut’s volcaniclastic within
volcaniclastic facies framework of proximal-medial-distal facies variation in a high-relief andesitic systems.
BD sand

BP-1

BD sand

Pliocene basin configuration in East Java Area (modified after Huffco Brantas, 1993)
Pleistocene basin configuration in East Java Area (after Huffco Brantas, 1993)
Kawi-Arjuna
Bromo-Tengger
Volcanics
Volcanics

Paleogeography Early Pleistocene of East Java (Willumsen, 1995) shows clastic provenance
which came from Southern Volcanic Complex.
Main Report-23

Figure 15. Location Map of Wunut Field


Main Report-28

Figure 19. Post Pleistocen Detachment Through Wunut Field and Tanggulangin Structure – illustrating post
Pleistocen detachment due to the volcanic uplift which later produces anticlinal structure of Wunut,
Tanggulangin and others within the zone of the detachment.
Main Report-26

Figure 17. Sequence Stratigraphic Correlation Through Wunut-10, -8, -1, -2 and Porong-1
Wells (Kusumastuti et. al., 1999)