by Wong Teck Sing, Sing, SMK Likas, KK Likas,
Analysis for SPM Mathematics, 2008
Total 1A 2A 3B 4B 5C 6C 7D 8E 9G Bil %
National result: 75.8% [ 69.9%]  2007
Paper 2 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10
0
5
10 15
20 25 30 35 40
Paper 1
2008 Paper 1 Type of Question Time of the test Number of questions Objective 1 hr 15 minutes Paper 2 Subjective 2 hrs 30minutes Section A(52 marks) 40 ( answer all ) (40 marks) 11 questions (answer all) Section B(48 marks) 5 questions ( chose 4 ) .Format for SPM Mathematics.
Analysis for the SPM Mathematics Topic(F1F3) 05 P1 06 4 6 4 2 2 1 1 1 1 4 6 4 2 1 2 1 1 2  07 4 6 4 2 1 2 1 1 1  08 4 6 4 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Algebraic expression Algebraic formulae Indices Linear equation Linear inequalities Polygons Per & area of Circle Solid geometry 2 1 2 1 1 2  .
Topic (F4) P1 05 P2 06 07 P1 08 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 1 Standard form 2 Quadratic exp & eqn 3 Set 4 Math reasoning 5 The straight line 6 Statistics (III) 7 Circle (III) 8 Trigonometry (II) 9 Angles of elev & depr 10 Lines & planes in 3D 3 3 2 2 1 3 1 1 4 5 5 12 4 4 3 2 1 3 2 1 4 3 5 5 4 3 3 2 1 3 1 1 4 6 5 3 4 3 2 2 1 3 2 1 4 3 6 5 12 3 3 12 2 12 .
Topic (F5)
P1
05 P2
06 P1 P2 P1
07 P2 P1
08 P2
1 Number bases 2 Graph of function (II) 3 Transformation (III) 4 Matrices 5 variations 6 Grad & area u a graph 7 Probability 8 Bearing 9 Earth as a sphere 10 Plans & elevations
2 1 2 2 3 2 1 2 
3/12
2

2
12+3
2 1 2 2 3 2 1 1 12 12 7 5 5 12 12 12 7 5 5 12 12
1 12 1 2 12 2 2 6 2 3 2 1 6 5 12 3 2 1 
12 6 6 5 12 12
1 12 2
EFFECTIVE ANSWERING STRATEGIES
1. Read the questions carefully note the information given. 2 . Answer the easier questions first. 3. Underline the important facts or information if necessary . 4. Turn the question paper if necessary to get a clearer picture.
) . odd number. Answer according to the question .) 6. Transfer all information given or implied on to the diagram. prime number.( e. Label the points and their coordinates in the diagram or graph given. right angle.g: even number.( e. multiple of . 7.Take note of the mathematical terms/Vocabulary used. factor.g. parallel lines .5. equilateral triangles etc.
. Then make a sketch to get a clearer idea. 10. Transfer the correct answer to the answer space.8. Show all working steps clearly. make a mental picture using the given data. 9. If no diagram is given.
Know the properties of angles in triangles. ) .u ) _0a and _ a 12. polygons and circles. 13. Be familiar with the formulae list . circumference of circle. gradient. area.(midpoint. ( e . volume. Know the symbols used in Sets and inequalities._0a and _ a 11.
28 = 213. fig. 213. 213. 21.8.670 . Answer in the simplest form 3 3 (a) { 2 2 2 1 (c ) { 4 2 3 (b) { 3 1 3 43 ( d ) 10 ! 4 4 15. 14.28 213 1 32 ! 32.33 3 1 32 { 32. Correct answer to 4 sig.3 3 .
2 m 2 5m !2 m 1 Paper II Section A [52 marks] .
On the graph in the answer space. y u 2x . shade the region which satisfy the three inequalities y e x + 6.4 and x >1 [ 3] 4 .y 6 y = 2x 4 y=x+6 0 2 4 6 x 1.
2 m 2 5m !2 m 1 y 6 x=1 y = 2x 4 y=x+6 0 2 4 6 x Tips means on top of the line means below the line 4 .
= P Q R.The Venn diagram in the answer space shows sets. On the diagrams in the answer space. shade (a) P Q (b) ( PdQ ) R [3] (a) P R Q (b) P R Q . P. Q and R such that the universal set.
Calculate the value of g and of h that satisfy the following simultaneous linear equations: [4] g 2h ! 1 4 g 3h ! 18 .2.
(ii) 11h = 22 h=2 Substitute h= 2 into (i) g +2(2) = 1 g = 3 .(iii) (iii)..(i ) 4 g 3h ! 18 .(i) X 4 g 2h ! 1 .....(ii ) Tips get an equation with only g or h eliminate g or h matrix method 4g+8h = 4«..
3. Using factorisation.17x 4x2 + 17x ±15 = 0 ( 4x .3 ) = 0 or ( x + 5 ) = 0 3 x= 4 Tips General form: ax2 + bx + c = 0 factorization [4] or x = 5 . solve the following quadratic equation 4x2 ± 15 = .3 )( x + 5 ) = 0 (4x .
The base PQRS is a horizantal rectangle. V is the midpoint of PS.4. [3] T V P 12 cm Q S U 5 cm 16 cm R . Diagram shows a right prism . Right angled triangle QRU is the uniform cross section of the prism. Identify and calculate the angle between the line UV and the plane RSTU.
US = 13 cm 8 tan VUS ! 13 0 VUS ! 31.61 . Pythagoras theorem 5 cm Tan xo VUS VS = 8 cm.Tips draw a righted angled triangle.
0 is the origin. In the diagram.7) K y L [ 5] N 0 x .5. (i) The equation of the straight line MN. The equation of straight line KL is 2x + y = 4. The point L and N lie on the yaxis. (ii) The xintercept of the straight line MN. Straight line KL is parallel to straight line MN. M (3.
M(3.(a) mMN= 2 m = 2.7) K y Tips gradient . xintercept parallel lines (b) y = 0 0= 2x + 1 x= 1 2 0 N x . 7) 7 = 2(3) + c c=1 y = 2x + 1 L M (3. m m! y2 y1 x2 x1 y = mx+c yintercept (c).
both with centre O. of the whole diagram. Diagram shows quadrant OST and a semicircle PQR.6. of the shaded region. Using = 22 7 T Calculate (a) The area. OS = 21 cm and OP = 14 cm. in cm. (b)The perimeter. in cm2. [6] S R P P 60o Q .
6(a) T Q P P 60o S R Tips circumference of circle = 2 j Area of circle = j2 Area of sector = U 360 vT j2 90o 22 60o 22 v v 21v 21 v v14 v14 0 o 360 7 360 7 ! 243.8 .
33 o 6(b) Perimeter = OS + ST + TQ + QR + RO = 21 + 33 + 7 + 29.3 .T Q P P 60o S R 90 22 ST ! v 2 v v 21 o 360 7 ! 33 o 120 22 QR ! v 2 v v 14 o 360 7 ! 29 .33 +14 = 104.
Conclusion : 23 is not a multiple of 6 ...7(a) complete the following statement using the quantifier all or some to make it a true statement. then M is a multiple of 3 Premise 2 : . .quadratic equations have two equal roots (b) Write down Premise 2 to complete the following argument : Premise 1: if M is a multiple of 6.
14. (d) Write down two implications based on the following statement : p q > 0 if and only if p > q [6] ... . 7 = 3(2)1 + 1 14 = 3(2)2 + 2 27 = 3(2)3 + 3 . 27.= . which follows the following pattern.7(c) Make a general conclusion by induction for the sequence of numbers 7.
Tips (a) Some statement (true/ false) (b) 23 is not a multiple of 3 if and only if (c) 3(2)n + n . arguments: 3 types (d) (i) If p ± q > 0 then p > q (ii) If p > q then p ± q > 0 premise 1. n = 1.«. 2 & conclusion deduction& induction .2.3.
A 2 B C Box P D 3 E 4 F G Box Q A card is picked at random from each of the boxes.8. By listing the outcomes. (b) One card is labelled with a number and the other card is labelled with a letter [5] . Diagram shows ten labelled cards in two boxes. find the probability that (a) Both cards are labelled with a number.
(A . 3). (C . (B . (B . (2 . (C . D). (C . G). E). (A . (B . 4). D). F). (2 . (2 . 4). (C . E). F). 3). (B . (C. 4). (C . (B . 4) Tips P(A)= 10 5 (b) ! 24 12 P(Ad) =1P(A) P(Ad =1 Tree diagram . D). 3). 3). G). 2 1 (a) ! 24 12 (b) (A . 4) . (A . (2 . (C . G). 3).(2 . (2 . G). E). 4). (B . (2. 3). (C . F). F). G). (2 .(a) (A . (2 . (B . (A . E). (B. E). (2 . 3). (A . D). (A . F). 4). D).
The inverse matrix of ¨ 2 3 ¸ 1 ¨ 7 3 ¸ © ¹ is © ¹ ª4 7º k ªm 2 º (a) Find the value of m and of k (b) Write the following simultaneous linear equations as matrix equation : 2x + 3y = 1 4x + 7y = 5 Hence. calculate the value of x and of y . [6] .9. using matrix method.
k ! 2 Tips Inverse matrix : ³ultraman´ ³ultraman´ Multiplication of matrices : ³husbandwife ´ method ³husband¸ ¹ ¹ º ¨ 2 3 ¸¨ x ¸ ¨ 1¸ (b) © © 4 7 ¹© y ¹ ! © 5 ¹ ¹© ¹ © ¹ ª ºª º ª º ¨ x ¸ 1 ¨ 7 3 ¸¨ 1¸ © ¹! © © y ¹ 2 © 4 2 ¹© 5 ¹ ¹© ¹ ª º ª ºª º 1 ¨ 7 (15 ) ¸ ! © © 4 (10 ) ¹ ¹ 2ª º ¨1 ¸ © (22 ) ¹ ¨ 11 ¸ ¹!© !©2 © 7 ¹ ¹ 1 © (14 ) ¹ ª º © ¹ ª 2 º x ! 11. y ! 7 .H ª º ¨ 1 © ! (7)( 2) (4)(3) © ª 1 ¨ 7 3¸ ! © © 4 2 ¹ ¹ 2ª º compare .¨ 2 3¸ 9(a) The inverse of © ¹ ©4 7¹ º ª ¸ ¨ 1 ¹ © ! ¹ © R. m ! 4.H L.
in ms1. of the particle. (a) State the uniform speed.) 10.Speed(ms1. calculate the value of t [6] . Diagram 4 shows the speedtime graph for the movement of a particle for a period of t seconds. in ms2 of the particle in the first 4 seconds 20 12 0 4 t Time (s) (c) The total distance travelled in t seconds is 184 m. (b)Calculate the rate of change of speed.
) (a) 20 (b) The rate of change of speed Area below the graph = distance (c) 20 12 !2 40 1 .Tips Grad = rate of change of speed Speed(ms1.
12 20 4 .
t 4 20 ! 184 2 64 20t 80 ! 184 t ! 10 20 12 0 4 t Time (s) .
Trapezium AFGB is the uniform cross section of the prism. of the solid [4] D C A 8 cm F B E 12 cm G H . Calculate the volume. Diagram 2 shows a solid. The height of the cylinder is 6 cm and its diameter is 7 cm.11. formed by joining a cylinder to a right prism. AB= BC = 9 cm. in cm3.
D C A 8 cm F B E 12 cm G H volume 1 22 ¨ 7 ¸ ! (12 9)(8) v 9 v© ¹ v6 2 7 ª2º ! 756 231 ! 987 2 Tips ol of cylinder = j2t Vol of cone = j2t vol of sphere = 4/3 j3 vol of right piramid = area of base x height. .
6 (b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the xaxis and 2 cm to 5 units on the yaxis. draw the graph of y = 6 x3 for 3 e x e 2. find (i) the value of y when x = 1.5 9.5 21.2.5 . [2] (d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find a value of x which satisfies the equation x3 8x 6 = 0 for 3 e x e 2.5 [4] (c) From your graph. State this value of x [4] .12.5. (ii) the value of x when y = 10. (a) Complete table 1 in the answer space for the equation y = 6 x3 by writing down the value of y when x = 1 and x = 2 [2] X y 3 33 .6 2 14 1 0 6 1 5 2 2.
4 y = 8x .y (a) 7 . 2.8. 2 (c) (i) y = 2 y = 6 ± x3 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 3 2 1 0 5 10 1 2 3 x (ii) x = 1.55 (d) y = 8x x = 0.
Graph of Function .
3 y=0 y = 2(4)2 .3 = 25 .3 = 2(1)2 .x .(1) .(4) .x y 1 4 (a) y = 2x2 .
. Smooth graph is drawn.Important notes for drawing Graphs Direction of axes must be correct. Uniform scale All the points in the table must be marked on the graph paper correctly.
(a) Draw full scale.M 3 cm G E L K F H 5 cm A 8cm B D J 4 cm C You are not allowed to use graph paper to answer this question. 13. the plan of the solid. [3] .
13(a) E/D M/L K/C F/A G/H J/B .
(b) Draw full scale. (i) the elevation of the combined solid on a vertical plane parallel to AB as viewed from P [4] (ii) the elevation of the combined solid on a vertical plane parallel to BC as viewed from Q [5] .M G E T L K The length of SK is 4 cm F H 5 cm A D S J 4 cm C 8cm B P Q 13.
(b)(i) G/M F/E J/S/K H/T/L A/D F/E .
(b) (ii) G M F J/H S/T E K/L B/A B/A .
Plan & Elevation Plan Y Elevation x X Y .
Plan Y Elevation x X Y .
Plan 2 5 Y 4 x 2 5 3 4 X Y Y 5 3 2 4 2 3 Elevation .
Plan 2 5 3 2 4 Y 5 5 2 Elevation x 2 3 2 X Y 2 4 2 5 2 .
Do and Don t ! Not a rectangle Dotted line .
y D 8 F E 6 G 4 K H L 2 M 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 J A C B 15. (a) Transformation R is a rotation of 90o anticlockwise about the centre ( 0. 2) Transformation P is a reflection in the straight line x = 2 x State the coordinates of the (a)(i) ( 3.EFGH and JKLM drawn on a Cartesian plane. 3 ) image of point A under each of the following transformations : (i) R (ii) RP [3] . Diagram shows quadrilateral ABCD. 5 ) (ii) (3 .
of the region JKLM [3] . Describe in full (i) the transformation M (ii) the transformation N [6] (c) JKLM is the image of EFGH under an enlargement at centre (3. 0) x (i) State the scale factor of the enlargement. calculate the area. in m2.y D 8 F E 6 G 4 K H L 2 M 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 J A C B 15(b) EFGH is the image of ABCD under the combined transformations MN. (ii) Given that EFGH represents a region of area 112 m2.
is a rotation of 180o about centre (2.is an enlargement with scale factor 2 at centre (3. 4) 1 ( c )( i ) scale fact r ! 2 (ii ) Area JKLM 1 2 ! k 2 v area EFGH ¨1¸ ! © ¹ v 112 ª2º ! 28 2 . 0) (ii) N .15(b) (i) M.
Tips Reflection: in the line PQ / y = 3 Translation : ¨n¸ © ¹ ©k ¹ ª º Rotation: 90o . find Q before P . anticlockwise/ centre Enlargement : centre /scale factor : 2.180o /clockwise.3 Transformation PQ.
59 60 .49 50 .34 35 . Mass ( kg) 30 . (ii) Calculate the estimated mean of the mass of the group of students [4] .39 40 .54 55 .54 (b) Estimated mean of the mass = 3805 z 80 = 47.44 45 .16. in kg. of a group of 80 students. Table shows the frequency distribution of the mass.56 (a) (i) State the modal class.64 frequency 5 8 11 21 22 10 3 (a) (i) 50 .
5 34.5 64. [4] (d) 25% of all the students in the group have a mass of less than p kg. draw an ogive for the data.5 39.5 49. complete table in the answer space to show the cumulative frequency distribution of the masses [3] (c) By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 kg on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 10 s on the vertical axis. find the value of p. These students will be supplied with nutritional food.5 44.Upper Boundary ( kg) 29.5 59.5 Cumulative frequency 0 5 13 24 45 67 77 80 (b) Based on the table. [1] .5 54. Using the ogive you had drawn in 16(c).
5 64.5 59.5 34.0 kg .5 54.Cumulative Frequency 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 29.5 Mass (kg) (d) 43.5 39.5 44.5 49.
range between quartil . upper boundary. Quartil. frequency. cumulative frequency. cumulative frequency.Median. midpoint. frequency Frequency polygon: midpoint.Tips Size of class. mean Ogive : upper boundary. class mode. Histogram : upper boundary.
14. from Q to R. [2] (c) Find the latitude of X [3] (d) An aero plane took off from P and flew due west to R along the parallel of latitude with an average speed of 600 knots. QR is the diameter of the parallel of latitude of 50oN. in nautical miles. taken for the flight [4] . R and X . in hours. measured along the surface of the earth. P lies on longitude of 80oW. Diagram shows four points P. Calculate the time. on the surface of the earth. Q. X lies 5820 nautical miles due south of P. (a) Find the position of R [3] (b) Calculate the shortest distance .
50 = 47oS (d) (145v60vcos50o) z600 X S = 9. 135o E) (b) 80 x 60 = 4800 (c) 5820 z 60 = 97 97.32 hrs .N R P 35o Q 50o 16(a). R(50oN .
m.n EF = GHv cos30o P( 30o N .1 n.m per hr Shortest distance between 2 pts on the same lat. is through N ( 40o E ) S G Meridian . 40oE)1o ( F graet circle) . 40o 30o O G Q( 30o S .Tips N ( 140o W ) GH = 40 v 0 b. 140oW) 0o 1 knot = 1 n.
= P Q R. On the diagram in the answer space.The Venn diagram in the answer space shows sets P. shade (i) the set P¶Q (ii) the set ( PQ¶)R (a) Q P R (b) P Q [3] R .2 m 2 5m !2 m 1 Set 1. Q and R such that the universal set.
(a) Q R Tips AB and AB A A' P (b) Q R P .