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Module 15

COMMUNITY
EXTENSION
AND
DEVELOPMENT
Community
Organizing
is a continuous and sustained
education and action process.
Objectives of community
organizing:
1. To make people aware of social
realities toward the development
of local initiative, optimal use of
human, technical and material
resources, and strengthening of
peoples capacities
Objectives of community
organizing:
2. To inform structures that
uphold the people’s basic interest to
serve the people.
Objectives of community
organizing:
3. To initiate responsible actions
intended to address the holistically,
the various community health and
social problems.
Principles of community
organizing:
a. Trust in people
b. Major Interest
c. Belief in Justice and
Democracy
d. Consensus and Conflict
on Social Change
An investigate on
problems and issues
Participatory concerning the life and
Research environment of the
unprivileged, whose
representatives participate
in the research process as
equal partners that is
researchers themselves
rather than outsiders
doing research upon the
or upon their problem.
The central
element of
participatory
research is
participation.
Community
diagnosis
A major organized task
designed to awake/raise
consciousness among the poor
regarding their community
situation and dignity as man.
Given such consciousness, they
will thus be moved towards
strategic planning action.
Integration

A basic continuing by which the


organizer becomes one with the
poor by immersing
himself/herself in the community.
Purposes of
Integration:

For the organizer to:


1.Get to know the culture,
economy, leaders, history,
rhythms and lifestyle of
the community.
2. Come to respect the people and see liberating aspects
of their culture that give them the strength to struggle.

3. See how the social analysis one may have made of


the national situation is manifested in the peoples live.
4. See how the intuit god’s
activity among the poor,
since the poor are the
privileged site of God’s work
today.

5. To be accepted as a
member of the community.

6. Change his/her values and


own life style i.e., become
more understanding and
tolerant of the poor, more
dedicated and realistic, more
humble.
How interpretation is done:

• At the beginning of the CO-


PAR process, live with the
poor in the community for at
least 3 months.
• Visit as many people as
possible in the community
• Listen and/or take part in
small talk and informal group
discussions.
• Share the people’s housing,
food, entertainment and
meetings.
Preliminary Social Investigation
(PSI)
The process of looking systemically for issues around
which to organize the people by gathering their true
sentiments, attitudes and knowledge concerning their
situation.

Purposes:
For the organizer to:
1. Become informed about the community she/he
working in:
2. Identify potential issues which might galvanize people
to action.
Basis for selection of
potential Issues

The issues around which the


people can be organized must:

1. Affect a large number of people;


2. Be strongly felt by the people to
be both urgent and important
3. Preferably be “winnable” that is
the people should be able to get
what they want soon.
PRE-ENTRY PHASE
• Conduct preliminary social investigation
• Gather secondary data
• Ocular survey
• Interview barangay officials/leaders/ and key informants Identify project sites:
 Depressed or unserved area
 Poor population
 150 or 250 households
 peace and order
 consider the socio-economic, demographic and geographical data, health and
environmental concerns.
• Coordinate with the local Government unit for assistance/courtesy call to
community leaders and inform them about the program.
• Conduct community assembly
• Conduct baseline survey by students
• Develop IEC materials for information
• Conduct planning/strategizing for the entry phase.
ENTRY PHASE
• Integrate with the community residents.
• Conduct deepening social investigation.
• Disseminate information about the program to community residents.
• Conduct a self-awareness training for members.
• Formulate criteria for selection of core group members.
• List of potential core group members and leaders.
• Allow the residents to reflect by asking them a question “kung dili ta
mulihok kinsa mulihok para sa ato?
• Form core group (define roles and functions of the core group)
• Conduct team building or informal education for core group members
and leadership training.
• Present baseline survey results to the community.
COMMUNITY STUDY/DIAGNOSIS PHASE:
• Actual survey by the local research team.
• Consolidate community diagnosis.
• Community health plan.
• Organize working committees
• Link with LGUs or technical/financial assistance.
• Call for a community assembly to present the result of the survey.

COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION AND CAPABILITY


BUILDING PHASE
• Call for a community meeting
• Formulate criteria for community organization officers/select officers
• Organize and train second liners.
COMMUNITY ACTION PHASE
• Implement plan activities
• Conduct monitoring and evaluation
• Networking and linkaging

ACTIVITIES DURING THE SUSTENANCE AND


STRENGTHENING PHASE
• Develop financial management systems
• Assess-replan community programs
• Institutionalize linkages/networks/referral points
• Needs based training and education for leaders/officers/ residents.
• Formulate by-laws
• Apply for SEC registration
• LGU accreditation.