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"The biggest enemy of health in the developing world is poverty." -Kofi Annan
Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. is fear for the future. Poverty is losing a child to illness brought about by unclean water. Poverty is not having a job. lack of representation and freedom. Poverty is powerlessness. . Poverty is lack of shelter. living one day at a time.What is Poverty? Poverty is hunger. Poverty is not having access to school and not knowing how to read.
or Madhya Pradesh (3.7%). the Planning Commission of India has estimated that 27. Haryana (8.4%) were much higher than for Bihar (5. 2004± Between 1999 and 2008. Uttar Pradesh (4.Poverty rates in rural Orissa (43%) and rural Bihar (41%) are higher than in the world's poorest countries such as Malawi.4%).5%). 85. As of 2005. the annualized growth rates for Gujarat (8.8%).1%). lived on less than 20 rupees per day . or Delhi (7.Facts & Figures«.50 (PPP) a day.7% of the population lives on less than $2.5% of the population was living below the poverty line in 2004±2005. A 2007 report by the state-run National Commission for Enterprises statein the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS) found that 25% of Indians. or 236 million people.
Statistical Study .
but consumers were forced to rely on expensive British manufactured goods. especially as barter. tariffs on manufactured or refined Indian goods. local crafts and subsistence agriculture was discouraged by law. regulations. and direct seizures. . Not only was Indian industry losing out.Causes« The view blaming British The Indian economy was purposely and severely deindustrialized through colonial privatizations. taxes.
. Community grain banks were forcibly disabled. and grain for export. when taken together.British policies in India exacerbated weather conditions to lead to mass famines which. land was converted from food crops for local consumption to cotton. tea. largely for animal feed. opium. led to between 30 to 60 million deaths from starvation in the Indian colonies.
ownership. and employment opportunities." British rulers encouraged caste privileges and customs. arising in part from protectionist underemployment. policies pursued till 1991 that prevented high foreign investment. from educational. General Causes« Unemployment and underemployment.Causes contd«. High population growth rate. . although demographers generally agree that this is a symptom rather than cause of poverty. at least before the 20th century. About 60% of the population depends on agriculture whereas the contribution of agriculture to the GDP is about 18%. and subjected to violence for "getting out of line. under which hundreds of millions of Indians were kept away system. The caste system.
as a trickle-down effect of the growing middle class. At the 60current rate of growth. reservation of seats in government jobs and the increasing empowerment of women and the economically weaker sections of society. It is incorrect to say that all poverty reduction programmes have failed.Outlook for Poverty alleviation Poverty alleviation is expected to make better progress in the next 50 years than in the past. The growth of the middle class indicates that economic prosperity has indeed been very impressive in India. a majority of Indians will be middle-class by 2025. but the distribution of wealth is not at all even. trickleIncreasing stress on education. After the liberalization process and moving away from the socialist model. India is adding 60-70 million people to its middle class every year. middle- . are also expected to contribute to the alleviation of poverty.
Thank You all for being cooperative and patient. -Anirban Dasgupta .