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I COME WITH NO WRAPPING OR PRETTY PINK BOWS.
I AM WHO I AM, FROM MY HEAD TO MY TOES.
I TEND TO GET LOUD WHEN SPEAKING MY MIND.
EVEN A LITTLE CRAZY SOME OF THE TIME.
ROMEO AND JULIET
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
ACT III, SCENE II
COME, NIGHT, COME, ROMEO, COME, THOU DAY IN NIGHT,
FOR THOU WILT LIE UPON THE WINGS OF NIGHT
WHITER THAN NEW SNOW ON A RAVEN'S BACK.
COME, GENTLE NIGHT, COME, LOVING, BLACK-BROWED NIGHT,
GIVE ME MY ROMEO, AND, WHEN HE SHALL DIE,
WRITTEN WORK BY SCREENWRITERS FOR A FILM, TELEVISION PROGRAM
OR VIDEO GAME. THESE SCREENPLAYS CAN BE ORIGINAL WORKS OR
ADAPTATIONS FROM EXISTING PIECES OF WRITING. IN THEM, THE
MOVEMENT, ACTIONS, EXPRESSION AND DIALOGUES OF THE
CHARACTERS ARE ALSO NARRATED.
SHORT STORY- 3,500-7,500 WORDS
NOVELLA- 17,000- 40,000 WORDS
NOVELS- 40,000+ WORDS
FAMOUS SPEECHES:
I HAVE A DREAM BY MARTIN LUTHER KING
LINCOLN’S HOUSE DIVIDED SPEECH BY ABRAHAM LINCOLN
A HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OR BIOGRAPHY WRITTEN FROM PERSONAL
KNOWLEDGE OR SPECIAL SOURCES.

PERSONAL ESSAYS
A SHORT WORK OF AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL NON FICTION
CHARACTERIZED BY A SENSE OF INTIMACY AND CONVERSATIONAL
MANNER.












EXAMPLES OF
CREATIVE WRITING
A POEM OR A SONG TENDS TO BE MORE ELUSIVE, OR
MYSTERIOUS, BECAUSE IT HAS LIMITED SPACE. BECAUSE
OF ITS SPATIAL LIMITATIONS, HOWEVER, IT CAN MAKE
LEAPS IN SUBJECT AND TIME, AND IT DOESN'T HAVE TO
RELY ON NARRATIVE STRUCTURE. IN POETRY AND SONGS,
LITERARY DEVICES, LIKE SIMILES AND METAPHORS, CAN
BE USED TO TAKE THE READERS TO SURPRISING PLACES.
A GOOD EXAMPLE OF THIS IS THE OPENING OF THE POEM
'A LIFE' BY SYLVIA PLATH:

'TOUCH IT: IT WON'T SHRINK LIKE AN EYEBALL,


THIS EGG-SHAPED BAILIWICK, CLEAR AS A TEAR.
HERE'S YESTERDAY, LAST YEAR ---
PALM-SPEAR AND LILY DISTINCT AS FLORA IN THE VAST
WINDLESS THREADWORK OF A TAPESTRY.'
NOVEL OR A PLAY, ON THE OTHER HAND, HAS PLENTY OF
TIME TO UNFOLD. THEREFORE, FICTION USUALLY
CONTAINS PLOT AND CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT. AS A
CREATIVE WRITER, YOU WANT YOUR STORY TO
CAPTIVATE READERS. YOU ALSO WANT TO CREATE A
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE READERS AND THE
CHARACTERS. THIS REQUIRES BOTH PHYSICAL AND
EMOTIONAL DETAILS SO THAT READERS WILL EMPATHIZE
WITH THE ACTION AND WHATEVER PAIN OR PLEASURE
THE CHARACTERS UNDERGO.
TO USE AS AN EXAMPLE, READ THE NOVEL GREAT
EXPECTATIONS BY CHARLES DICKENS:

'THERE EITHER IS OR IS NOT, THAT'S THE WAY THINGS ARE. THE


COLOUR OF THE DAY. THE WAY IT FELT TO BE A CHILD. THE
SALTWATER ON YOUR SUNBURNT LEGS. SOMETIMES THE WATER IS
YELLOW, SOMETIMES IT'S RED. BUT WHAT COLOUR IT MAY BE IN
MEMORY, DEPENDS ON THE DAY. I'M NOT GOING TO TELL YOU
THE STORY THE WAY IT HAPPENED. I'M GOING TO TELL IT THE WAY
I REMEMBER IT.'
CREATIVE WRITING IS WRITTEN FOR THE RIGHT BRAIN (CREATIVE)
TECHNICAL WRITING IS WRITTEN FOR THE LEFT BRAIN (LOGICAL).
CREATIVE WRITING IS WRITTEN MAINLY
TO ENTERTAIN WITH THE CREATIVITY OF THE
MIND.

TECHNICAL WRITING IS WRITTEN


MAINLY TO INFORM IN A FORMAL MANNER OR
TO INCITE THE READER TO MAKE AN ACTION
SUCH AS PURCHASE THE WRITER’S PRODUCT.
IT IS AN EFFICIENT AND CLEAR WAY OF
EXPLAINING SOMETHING AND HOW IT WORKS.
EXAMPLES OF TECHNICAL WRITING:

* INSTRUCTION MANUALS
* POLICY MANUALS
* PROCESS MANUALS
* USER MANUALS
* REPORTS OF ANALYSIS
* INSTRUCTIONS FOR ASSEMBLING A PRODUCT
* A SUMMARIZATION OF A LONG REPORT THAT
HIGHLIGHTS AND SHORTENS THE MOST IMPORTANT
ELEMENTS
THE PURPOSE OF THIS TYPE OF WRITING IS TO
EXPLAIN A VARIETY OF TOPICS TO OTHER
PEOPLE.
ACADEMIC WRITING IS ANY WRITING
DONE TO FULFILL A REQUIREMENT OF A
COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY. ACADEMIC WRITING
IS ALSO USED FOR PUBLICATIONS THAT ARE
READ BY TEACHER AND RESEARCHERS OR
PRESENTED AT CONFERENCES.
EXAMPLES OF ACADEMIC WRITING:

* BOOKS AND BOOK REPORTS


* TRANSLATIONS
* ESSAYS
* RESEARCH PAPER OR RESEARCH ARTICLE
* CONFERENCE PAPER
* ACADEMIC JOURNAL
* DISSERTATION AND THESIS - THESE ARE WRITTEN TO
OBTAINING AN ADVANCED DEGREE AT A COLLEGE OR
UNIVERSITY.
* ABSTRACT - THIS IS A SHORT SUMMARY OF A LONG
DOCUMENT.
* EXPLICATION - THIS IS A WORK WHICH EXPLAINS PART OF
A PARTICULAR WORK.
CHARACTERISTICS OF ACADEMIC WRITING:
PLANNING - THERE IS A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF PLANNING
BEFORE YOU START WRITING THE PAPER; SO, IT WILL BE
ANALYTICAL AND ORGANIZED.

OUTLINE - A PROPER OUTLINE IS A MUST FOR ACADEMIC


WRITING. AN OUTLINE WILL NOT ONLY HELP YOU
FORMULATE YOUR THOUGHTS, BUT WILL SOMETIMES MAKE
YOU AWARE OF CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN TOPICS.
IT WILL HELP YOU DETERMINE THE PERTINENT
INFORMATION TO BE INCLUDED IN YOUR PAPER.

TONE - A FORMAL TONE IS USED. YOU DO NOT USE SLANG


WORDS, JARGON, ABBREVIATIONS, OR MANY CLICHÉS.
LANGUAGE - THE LANGUAGE IN YOUR PAPER NEEDS TO BE
CLEAR AND WORDS NEED TO BE CHOSEN FOR THEIR
PRECISION. A THESAURUS IS A GOOD TOOL TO HELP YOU
PICK JUST THE RIGHT WORDS TO EXPLAIN THE ISSUES.

POINT-OF-VIEW - THE POINT OF VIEW IN THE THIRD


PERSON, AS THE FOCUS OF ACADEMIC WRITING IS TO
EDUCATE ON THE FACTS, NOT SUPPORT AN OPINION.

APPROACH - DEDUCTIVE REASONING IS A BIG PART OF


ACADEMIC WRITING AS YOUR READERS HAVE TO FOLLOW
THE PATH THAT BROUGHT YOU TO YOUR CONCLUSION.
ACADEMIC WRITING STRUCTURE
INTRODUCTION: GRAB THE READER'S ATTENTION AND
IDENTIFY THE THESIS OF THE PAPER. YOU CAN DO
THIS BY STARTING WITH:

* SEVERAL QUESTIONS
* A QUOTE FROM A FAMOUS WORK OR PERSON
* SOME INTERESTING FACTS OR INFORMATION
* A DEFINITION OF AN IMPORTANT TERM RELATED TO
THE WORK
BODY: THIS IS THE MAIN PART OF THE WORK AND THE
PARAGRAPHS MUST BE CLEARLY WRITTEN AND BE
ARRANGED IN A LOGICAL ORDER, LIKE
CHRONOLOGICALLY OR IN ORDER OF IMPORTANCE.
EACH INITIAL SENTENCE LINKS THE PRECEDING
PARAGRAPH AND THE WHOLE SECTION FLOWS
SMOOTHLY.

WITHIN EACH PARAGRAPH, THE SENTENCES NEED TO


FLOW AND REFER BACK TO THE TOPIC. COHESION IS
ACHIEVED BY REPEATING IMPORTANT WORDS, USING
SYNONYMS FOR THE MAIN SUBJECT, AND USING
TRANSITIONAL WORDS LIKE: HOWEVER, SUCH AS,
THEREFORE, AND FOR EXAMPLE.
CONCLUSION: IN THE CONCLUSION, YOU RE-
EMPHASIZE THE THESIS AND SUMMARIZE ALL THE
MAIN POINTS. THE CONCLUSION CONSISTS OF ONE
PARAGRAPH WHICH SHOWS THE FINAL CONCLUSION
TO THE READER.