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Autobiography in Five Chapters

by Portia Nelson

I II
I walk down the street I walk down the same street.
There is a deep hole in the sidewalk There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.
I fall in. I pretend I don’t see it.
I am lost… I fall in again.
I am hopeless. I can’t believe I’m in the same place.
It isn’t my fault. But it isn’t my fault.
It takes forever to find a way out It still takes a long time to get out.
Autobiography in Five Chapters
by Portia Nelson

III 1V
I walk down the same street. I walk down the same street.
There is a deep hole in the sidewalk. There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.
I see it is there. I walk around it.
I still fall in…it’s a habit
My eyes are open; I know where I am; V
It is my fault I walk down another street.
I get out immediately
Interactive Journaling (IJ)

Developed by The Change Companies, a national provider of programs for


justice services, substance use, mental health and other behavioral change
programs

 Evidence-based
 Client -centered
 Addresses prevalent risk and need domains of justice involved individuals
( COMPAS, YASI and other assessments)
COMPAS

 Dose
(High, Medium, Low)

 Intensity
(Frequency)
IJ Foundation:

Transtheoretical Model
of
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Motivational Interviewing
Behavior change

5 Stages:
 Structured and expressive
writing activities  Precontemplation  Address ambivalence or
reluctance to change
 Explore an individuals  Contemplation
thoughts, feelings and  Encourages “choice”, positive
 Preparation feedback and sharing
behavior to ignite positive life
change  Action responses

 Maintenance  Provides opportunities to use


OARS
IJ Example

The Courage to Change


Responsible Thinking
( Short-Term Rewards vs. Long Term Consequences)
Think of one negative choice you have made in the past that resulted in a
negative consequence

Think of one positive choice you made in the past that resulted in positive
outcomes
IJ Example

The Courage to Change


Substance Use
(A Closer Look At My Substance Use)

Describe your thoughts and feelings about your past and present alcohol and
drug use behavior.

Use the scale below to identify your interest in changing your alcohol and
other drug use behavior.

No Interest Somewhat Interested Very Interested


Implementing IJ programs

 Program design ( one-on-one or group)


 Engagement Strategies ( MI)
 Lessons Learned
 Next Steps
A Myth Regarding Interactive
Journaling (IJ)

• Interactive Journaling is the same as MRT (Moral Reconation Therapy) and you can
choose to do one or the other but not both.

Thoughts Feelings Behavior


How Interactive Journaling (IJ) and
MRT Works Together

Interactive Journaling (IJ) MRT

• Getting Started • Step 1: Honesty


• Step 3: Acceptance
• Substance Use
• Step 5: Healing Damaged
• Peer Relationships Relationships
• Family Ties • Step 11: Keeping Moral
Commitments
• Social Values • Step 7: Long-term Goals
• Responsible Thinking and consistency
• Step 8: Short-term goals
• Seeking Employment and consistency
• Recreation and Leisure • Step 10: Maintain positive
change
• Self-Control
Interactive Journaling (IJ) and MRT
Working Together

MRT
Step 1: Honesty
 Learning objectives
 1. To begin to understand that they’ve
had choices
 2. To articulate where they are today
 3. To begin learning how to better
present themselves to others
 4. To know that they can’t reach their
potential without being honest with
self and others.
Interactive Journaling (IJ) and MRT
Working Together(Continued)

MRT
Step 3: Acceptance
 Learning objectives:
 1. Accepting that there are rules for
each circumstance of life
 2. Accept the things they can’t
control
 3. Identify difference between a want
and a need
 4. Facilitate acceptance of
constructive criticism
Interactive Journaling (IJ) and MRT
Working Together

MRT
Step 5: Healing Damaged Relationships
 Learning objectives:
 1. To begin to understand that there is a connection between the events in their life
and that the best times are often under their control and represented gains in their
lives
 2. To increase their awareness of their interpersonal relationships
 3. Identify all of the important relationships in their life
 4. Development of a plan to heal damaged relationships
MRT
Step 11: Keeping Moral Commitment

Learning objectives:
 1. Continuation of the process of development of their
plan to heal damaged relationships
 2. Reinforcement of the commitment to ethical behavior
by them
 3. Reevaluation of relationships and how they can be
most productive in overall achievement of life’s goals
for them
 4. Importance of relationships to overall happiness in
life
 5. Summarize and demonstrate an understanding of
what they have learned through a final testimony
Interactive Journaling (IJ) and MRT
Working Together(Continued)
MRT MRT
Step 7: Long-term Goals and Step 8: Short-term goals and
consistency consistency
Learning objectives: Learning objectives:
 1. Begin to focus on goals by  1. Challenge clients’ faulty
identifying plans in finite terms beliefs with reality statements
 2. Begin to set long term and  2. Begin to identify practical
short term goals methods required to attain
their goals
 3. Identify the key factors
needed to evaluate the  3. Require careful planning
suitability of goals with specific action plans with
timeframes
MRT
Step 8: Short-term goals and consistency

Learning objectives:
 1. Challenge clients’ faulty beliefs with reality
statements
 2. Begin to identify practical methods
required to attain their goals
 3. Require careful planning with specific
action plans with timeframes
Interactive Journaling (IJ) and MRT
Working Together(Continued)

MRT
Step 10: Maintain Positive Change
 Learning objectives
 1. To examine changes in their life since step 4
(Raising awareness)
 2. Morally assess their life in order to identify
problem areas
 3. Reexamination of what they value
Value of Interactive Journaling (IJ) for
Participants

 Help individuals draw from within to determine what they need to be


successful
 Collaboration vs. Dictatorship
 Opportunity to tell their story
 Think deeper about what's going on in their life
Questions