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Ôhen electrons are   
shared, they don¶t just   
stay around the   
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element that first  /
owned them.
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Oet¶s build ethanol from
the water and methane.
Note: this isn¶t how
ethanol is made, but you
can see the building block
approach.
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èydrocarbons are
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( ( ( ( ( ( ( simple. They are
built from only
 #(        ( If we use oxygen
carbon atoms and
( ( ( ( ( ( ( atoms, we
hydrogen can
atoms.
make
The lipids.
number of
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( ( ( ( ( ( ( carbon atoms
determines what we
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use them for.
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Oet¶s look at ammonia and
acetic acid and how the
(  ) # proton from acetic acid
may go to ammonia to
make ammonium ion

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lycine is the simplest of the
( amino
Sulfur acids. fornow
Oet¶s
is needed twomake
of the
alanine.
essential amino acids.
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3   3  

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water molecule is released.   3  
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This is how nylon is made. ½ mixture
of èexamethylene Diamine (one with
green nitrogen atoms) and   7  =>:>4>0  1
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Ôhen writers try to (8 
explain quantum   
+ 
chemistry they often  
 
resort to the fantasy    +
world of ½lice in
Ôonderland.
If you choose
to stay in this
class«

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You
This are
stickfamiliar
figure iswith
made by placing
needlepoint.
carbon monoxide By molecules
placing small
onto a
stitches on a asurface,
surface using you
Scanning can
Tunneling
Microscope.
make designs.Each piece was made
with a carbon monoxide molecule,
with atoms only 0.07 nanometers
across.
<<*
The ³drawing´ seems childish until
you realize how small the carbon
dioxide molecules are.

     
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Now imagine that your hand is  
very large and you are trying to 3>  !
place those stitches (atoms) in
that needlepoint pattern there on
Earth.

Yes, from this distance we can


realize how small those stitches
èere the stitches are much larger are. èowever, we have to pull
Imagine
than you are
atoms. going back even farther to have them
Domake
to you this have anaappreciation
To get
nowsnowflake sense of the
the size of atoms.
size
of of atoms,
how amazingweitmust
is to place
place this
design and each
needlepoint stitchfar way.
pattern
isatoms into a pattern?
an atom.
Ôhen the Earth was photographed
from the moon, it was often
described as the Big Blue Marble.

½ marble is looked upon as


beautiful but static± motionless.
uf course we know better. From a
distance, we can¶t see the movement
of cars, animals, people, wind, and
waterfalls. èowever, that doesn¶t
mean all this activity is not
happening.
8     8
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Oet¶s make Earth
This
marble is not
sizetrue. The atoms
are
Ôhen in constant
we look motion
at real and
are responding
marbles, to radio
we have the
ways as well they
impression as other
just types
ofsitlight.
there±Infrared light is
motionless.
causing the molecules to
vibrate. Visible light is
causing the electrons to
jump to higher orbits
absorbing and emitting
certain colors. Oight is also
be slowed down as it
interacts with the atoms
causing the light to be
refracted into a rainbow of
colors.
8 
 

- m 
  


une thing Neo learned in the Matrix was


that he needed to understand it at the most
basic level. unce he did, he could control
it. Chemistry is very similar.
- - - 
      
- -- -  
---- -   
  
  

To most people the keys on the keyboard are just letters. To a


person who knows the underlying makeup, they can do things that
seem impossible. For example, let¶s say the Enter key stops
working. Knowing that the ³m´ key building blocks of bits are very
similar to those of the ³Enter´ key allows that person to use the
³m´ key along with the Ctrl key to do the same as the Enter key.
You can launch Notepad to demonstrate that.

4
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Ôhen you know chemistry, there¶s a new
level of looking at the world around you.
Ôhen electrons are accelerated
and then stopped, a photon of
light will be generated. If these
photos are of high enough
energy they can combine to
form an electron/positron pair.
èere is an actual tracking
of the production of a
electron/positron pair.

    
 
        

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Ôhat kind of voltage do you need to generate a
photons with high energy needed to create protons?

   
   
   
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This chart uses the log of concentrations in order for
the smaller concentrations of elements to be visible.
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èere we see that large
numbers and small numbers B<<
are difficult to graph
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together. èowever, if we
B<
convert each to a power of B%
10 and graph the exponent,
the amounts are not so B
drastically different. <%

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 !  %!  ! ! 
If fluorine was an
animal, it would
be a shark. The
next slide shows
the shark
(fluorine) going
after a circling
electron. The
animation runs
automatically.
There is sound
also, so be at the
ready with your
volume control.

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