‡ About POWER! ‡ Exercise of power:
± Conflict of interests (Steven Lukes, 1974)
‡ observable VS. latent ‡ Persuasion, inducement, influence

‡ µMethods¶
± Study of Politics VS. Political Journalism ± Makes µserious¶ Political Science possible

valid and reliable evidence ‡ Recognize the importance of theory. of the view that all knowledge are conceptually formed ‡ Recognize the importance of internal consistency. simplicity and fit of the research model and reality .Guiding principles ‡ Recognize the importance of plausible.

2002) ‡ The availability of diverse analytical strategies useful for political analysis (Colin Hay. Valid & Reliable Evidence ‡ Assembly of evidences and subjecting them to tests of reliability and validity ‡ Use of various approaches (Marsh Stoker.1. 2002) . Plausible.

Importance of Theory or Conceptualization ‡ Theory: An ordering-framework or set of background assumptions ‡ Conceptualization: prescribes a particular way of thinking about the world ‡ Hypothesis: explanation or a testable proposition .2.

Importance of Theory or Conceptualization ‡ NO theory-neutral interpretation of events ‡ Relationism (Berger and Luckmann. 1967) ‡ µtheory is always for someone. 1996) .2. always for some purpose¶ (Robert Cox.

Simplicity and Fit ‡ Principle of Parsimony ± Social scientists should seek to build elegant models that minimize the number of explanatory variables ± The simplest theories must be chosen ± Robust. cleat and comprehensible explanations should be privileged . Internal Consistency.3.

exercised and distributed ‡ Theory of the STATE ± What it means and how it is situated in a broader social context ‡ Coherent METHODOLOGY .Study of Politics ‡ Theory of POWER ± How it is acquired.

Political Science is« ‡ A systematic analysis based on an assessment of: ± what¶s out there to know about ± what can we know about it ± how can we go about acquiring that knowledge .Hence.

Historical Development of POSC ‡ Politics as a junction subject of the social sciences ± Open to other perspectives ± POSC Identity? ‡ µAgreement on basic substance and methodology¶ .

Historical Development of POSC ‡ American Political Scientists ± Mark the boundaries of the discipline ± Provide widely accepted paradigms ± Adopt appropriate research methodologies and techniques ‡ 1980¶s: USA have 80% of the world¶s political scientists ‡ Increasing participation in Annual APSA Convention .

America Great Britain France Germany Sweden Canada Establish rigorously based academic discipline Greater intellectual skepticism ± POSC is a self-depreciating discipline More public law oriented (civil service oriented) Traditional socio-political approach (democratic re-education) Anglo-American orientations (imports more than it exports) American by origin but have developed their niche in research .

pre-law course) ‡ School of Political Science at Columbia College in New York (1880) .Historical Development of POSC ‡ American Political Science Association ± A century-year old ‡ Massive expansion of political scientists in universities (undergraduate level) ± New subjects were created (expanded scope) ± Changing socio-economic and political conditions in USA (migration. progressive movement.

fragmentation) .‡ Britain Historical Development of POSC ± London School of Economics and Political Science (for administrative elite and colonial servants) ± Oxford with its Gladstone chair (PPE) ± Nuffield College (social science research) ‡ Male-dominated and Merit-based ‡ Failure of political scientists vis-à-vis failure of failure of the Westminster style institution ‡ Reforms for the bureaucracy ‡ µSkeptical Professionalism¶ (specialization vs.

state and other institutions) . state and individual.Paradigms and Traditions PARADIGMS BEHAVIORALISM NEW INSTITUTIONALISM RATIONAL CHOICE -culturecentered -Distribution of .Cost ± benefit power (state analysis and state.

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