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‡ About POWER!
‡ Exercise of power:
± Conflict of interests (Steven Lukes, 1974)
‡ observable VS. latent
‡ Persuasion, inducement, influence

‡ µMethods¶
± Study of Politics VS. Political Journalism
± Makes µserious¶ Political Science possible
Guiding inci 
‡ Recognize the importance of uib ,  idand
 ib evidence

‡ Recognize the importance of  h of the view


that  n dg cnc u  d

‡ Recognize the importance of in n 


cninc, i ici and i of the research
model and reality
Ä  uib  id ib idnc
‡ Assembly of evidences and subjecting them to
tests of reliability and validity
‡ Use of various approaches (Marsh Stoker, 2002)
‡ The availability of diverse analytical strategies
useful for political analysis (Colin Hay, 2002)
ü    nc   

nc u izin
‡  : An ordering-framework or set of
background assumptions

‡
nc u izin: prescribes a particular way of
thinking about the world

‡ H i: explanation or a testable proposition


ü    nc   

nc u izin
‡ Ntheory-neutral interpretation of events

‡ Relationism (Berger and Luckmann, 1967)

‡ µtheory is always for someone, always for some


purpose¶ (Robert Cox, 1996)
  n n 
ninc|i icind
i
‡  inci  in
± Social scientists should seek to build  gnd 
that minimize the number of explanatory variables

± The simplest theories must be chosen

± Robust, cleat and comprehensible explanations


should be privileged
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‡ Theory of 
± *    
h 


 

‡ Theory of the | 
± á      
   
   

    

‡ Coherent È HG
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‡ A systematic analysis based on an assessment of:
±          
±         
±            

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‡ Politics as a junction subject of the social
sciences
± „      
± „ 

‡        
 
 
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‡ American Political Scientists
± È  
   
 
±  

  


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‡ 1980¶s: USA have 80% of the world¶s political


scientists
‡ Increasing participation in Annual APSA Convention
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‡ American Political Science Association
±     

‡ Massive expansion of political scientists in


universities (undergraduate level)
± New subjects were created (expanded scope)
± Changing socio-economic and political conditions in
USA (migration, progressive movement, pre-law
course)
‡ |c  iic |cinc
 ubi
 ginN 
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‡ Britain
± London School of Economics and Political Science (for
administrative elite and colonial servants)
± Oxford with its Gladstone chair (PPE)
± Nuffield College (social science research)
‡ Male-dominated and Merit-based
‡ Failure of political scientists vis-à-vis failure of
failure of the Westminster style institution
‡ Reforms for the bureaucracy
‡ µSkeptical Professionalism¶ (specialization vs.
fragmentation)
       
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