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Context
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ General Information Japan Map Borrowing From the Chinese Culture of Ideas Joy of Living Zen and Chabudai Japanese Style and Art Facade vs. reality Managers and workers Differences between US and Japan Conclusions
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General Information
‡ Japan is an island nation of 127.8 million citizens ‡ It is one of the most densely populated nations in the world ‡ Second largest economy ‡ Shido & Buddhist 84%, other religions 16% ‡
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Japan Map

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Borrowing From the Chinese
‡ Chinese technology and institutions ‡ Philosophy, science, literature, arts, and music of china ‡ In turn, deeply influenced Japanese though, culture and habits ‡ Chinese writing system, which had a unique character for each of the thousands of Chinese words
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Culture of Ideas
1. 2. Westerners have little experience experiencing Asian ideas It s hard for Westerners to understand Asian culture because ideals are less important to Westerners, who value individual freedom & independence more than community Westerners push away the ideal of community because of its emphasis on interdependency, sacrifice, duty, & etiquette, all of which detract from individual autonomy (driving fast, loud music & cell calls in public, smoking around others, etc)
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3.

Joy of Living
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Dress up, not down Eat healthy food, not junk Stay slim & trim Put art in all you do to live life on a higher plain Master the social graces Take pride in all around personal excellence Extraordinary cleanliness of personal hygiene, living space, & public space

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The world s healthiest diet (while 60% of Americans are overweight)
Neutral flavor of rice considered complement to meal Sake = rice, so the two are not consumed simultaneously Fill up on gohan, okazu stimulate appetite Traditional meal has no Western counterpart Most basic meal: rice, soup, side dish

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Chopsticks and Manners
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Japanese differ from Chinese Made of lacquered wood Women and children have smaller chopsticks No sharing of chopsticks!
-Spiritual contamination

‡ Chopstick rest

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Zen and Chabudai
Zen Chabudai ‡Low dining table ‡Traditional, personal table ‡Adapted from Western dining ‡Box with tray, individual sets tables of bowls, chopsticks, spoons ‡30 cm high ‡20-30 cm per side 15-20 cm ‡More convenient than zen high ‡Indicative of culture change

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Japanese style
Japan as a country has a past with its styles in its own tradition, in clothing, building and foods

Clothing:
Japanese people used their traditional clothing in the past, now they wear it just in special occasions. e.g. Yukata for men , Kimono for women , Zori sandals etc

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Yukata>> <<Kimono

Zori>>
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Buildings
In Japan there are many different buildings and gardens, that are a big part of its culture. They do not actually come from Japan, their ideas come from China

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Japanese Arts
Japan is known by its amazing arts that are used till now, painting, games and martial arts are the most remarkable arts in Japan

Martial arts:
For a long time Japan was governed by Samurai class, some methods that were used to train warriors were developed into martial arts

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Japanese Games
Japan has its own traditional games as well
< Board game>

Judo>> << Sumo
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Japanese Painting:
These are watercolors paintings ,were done in a Western watercolor technique, they were draw in 1890

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BEHAVIOR IN JAPANESE BUSINESS DEPENDS ON:
‡ ‡ ‡ The context: the occasion, the people involved, the purpose The behavioral model of the employee s boss--the geisha (depository) of workplace ideals Avoiding (2-way) social embarrassment by anticipating the consequences of your behavior on the community you are part of

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I·m sorry, sorry, sorry Why do the Japanese apologize in advance?

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They apologize in advance in case they fail to reach the ideal that they are all striving to attain. If they do fall short of attaining this ideal, it certainly wasn t due to their lack of commitment.

Even if they succeed, they apologize if unintentionally broke interpersonal harmony in the process.
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Facade vs reality

Communicating reality through a screen of polite harmony

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‡

Safe business meeting agendas

‡ Criticism protocol via intermediates ‡ Barbarians within the business delegation: Don t speak before your boss does; don t disagree with your team publicly

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‡

We will give your generous offer a great deal of thinking. ( No ) We are surprised that your product costs so little to make. ( Your product s cost estimates seem unreasonably low. ) We know that your company will be very successful in the future. ( We do not want to work with you in a joint venture. )

‡

‡

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Managers and the Workers
‡ Job means identification with a larger entity, through which they feel of being the part of something ‡ Company typically viewed as not to take advantage of employees and profit but as to provider of security and welfare ‡ What they do? - They usually respond with the name of the company for which they work and not the job they perform ‡ A company will sometimes reward the office group and not the individual for work well done ‡ Japanese decision-making is a slow, evolutionary process since so 23 many people must be pleased

Differences Between US and Japan
Individualism  Community  Monochronic Poychronic Low Context  High Context Social Ambiguity  Social Certainty  Low Power Distance High power Distance  Mastery Adaptation  Emotionally Neutral Emotionally Expressive  Quantity of Life Quality of life

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REFERENCES
UNDERSTANDING GLOBAL CULTURES DOING BUSINESS IN JAPAN 2010 BUSINESS CULTURE http://www.worldbusinessculture.com/Business-Teams-inJapan.html ‡ http://www.suite101.com/content/businessinjapan-a648 ‡ http://www.venturejapan.com/japanese-businessculture.htm ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

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THANK YOU!
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