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CPS 111 ± Introduction to Information Communication Technology

Lecture 3 Week of 04/10/2010 Lecturer: Fatou Jaiteh


Homework rules  

Homework is due by the end of the day on the due date listed (Hwk 1 due today) Homework must be submitted directly to me 

Emails will not be accepted   

Late homework will be worth 40% of the original grade Once homework solutions are posted the homework will not be accepted Homework solutions will be posted by end of day the day after the homework is due

Assignment, quiz and test re grade requests 

Must submit a write up including  

What you would like to be re graded specifically Why you think your answer is correct 

Please note that the whole assignment will be re graded, not specific problems You must submit the re grade request within one week of the day the assignment was returned

Today¶s agenda 


Quiz solutions Hardware and software 

Cont. functions of personal computer 

Networks Introduction to the Computer Desktop Keyboard Mouse

Basic control of input devices 

Quiz 1 ± 19 points total      What 4 components contribute to your final grade and what are their respective percentage contributions (1 pt each ± 8 pts total)? List one classroom rule (2 pts) By when must your submit your group project teams (2 pts)? Where can you find all slides. homework and solutions and class announcements (2 pts)? What are your expectations for this class (5 pts)? 5 .

Quiz solutions ± Question 1 Criteria Midterm examination Group Project Homework and Quizzes Final examination Proportion 30% 10% 10% 50% No supplement examinations except with request and appropriate authorization No more than 5 and no less than 3 students in the same group Comment Total 100% 6 .

Quiz solutions ± Question 2 (Any of the following are accepted for full credit)       One person speaking at a time Listen to the speaker Food and drink consumed outside of classroom Turn off or silence all mobile phones Treat the computer equipment with respect Ask questions and participate! 7 .

homework and solutions and class announcements on the ³class website´ or solutions ± Question or on one of the computers in computer lab 2   Outside of my office will receive half 4 and 5  You must submit your group project teams by the next class session (5/10/2010) You can find all slides. You CANNOT find slides or class announcements here  Any class expectations that you have and have listed will be accepted 8 Lets discuss some class expecations that were mentioned .

functions of personal computer  Networks Introduction to the Computer Desktop Keyboard Mouse 9  Basic control of input devices    .Today¶s agenda  Review   Quiz solutions Hardware and software  Cont.

desktop or floorstanding models 10 .Used to handle high transaction processing volume or complex computational problem solving (e. portable.Computers range from the smallest PDAs to the largest CPU mainframes  Today¶s computer systems come in a variety of sizes shapes and computing capabilities    Mainframe Systems .Primarily high-end network servers and other types of servers that can handle the processing of many business applications. Often used to help manage larger Internet websites.g. major corporations and government agencies) Midrange computers .Also called PCs (personal computers) and are available as hand-held. laptop. corporate intranets and extranets and other networks Microcomputers . notebook.

but only a few major ones      Monitor Keyboard Mouse Cables Computer tower       Processor (CPU) Fan(s) Disk drive and/or floppy drive Hard drive RAM Motherboard 11 .There are hundreds of smaller components within a computer.

Computers can be relatively easy to assemble   Plug computer tower and monitor to wall Connect monitor. keyboard and mouse to computer tower  Look for pictures on back of the tower to help guide you to the correct connection location   Verify that outlet is on and functional Take note of:    USB ports Headphone connection Network ports 12 .

a CPU 13 . but can be electronically connected to and controlled by.A computer is only a high powered ³processing box´ without peripherals  Peripherals is a generic name given to all:    Input devices Output devices Secondary storage devices  Are separate from.

Input technologies now provide a more natural user interface   Keyboards are the most widely used devices for entering text and data The electronic mouse is the most popular pointing device used to move the cursor on the screen  The computer interface displayed on the computer screen is also known as the Graphical User Interface (GUI) 14 .

It is increasingly more common to utilize multimedia forms of output  Video output   Video monitors ± Use a cathode ray tube similar to that in used in a TV Liquid crystal displays (LCDs) ± Used for portable microcomputers such as laptops and PDAs Inkjet printers ± Spray ink onto a page Laser printers ± Electronic process similar to photocopying  Printed output    Audio output 15 .

Data / information can be stored until needed using various storage devices Primary Storage (Main Memory) Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Secondary Storage Optical Disks Magnetic Tape 16 .

Data are processed and stored in a computer through binary representation  Data are processed and stored in a computer system through the presence or absence of electronic or magnetic signals  This is called two-state or binary representation   The smallest element of data is called a bit A byte is a basic grouping of bits that the computer operates as a single unit 17 .

There are two major types of computer software  Application software ± Performs information processing tasks for end user   Application specific programs General purpose application programs  System software ± Manages and supports operations of computer systems and networks   System management programs System development programs The types of software you will encounter depend on the types of computer you use and the tasks you want to accomplish 18 .

The system and application software interface between the end users and computer hardware End User Application Software System Software Computer Hardware 19 .

We can group system software into two major categories   System management programs manage the hardware. network. software. and data resources of computer systems during the execution or information processing jobs System development programs help the users develop information system programs and procedures and prepare user programs for computer processing 20 .

menu-driven. GUI) Resource management ± Manage the hardware and networking resources File management ± Control the creation.The OS is the most indispensible component of the software interface between users and the hardware  Operating system controls the following:     User interface ± Allows you to communicate with the OS (commanddriven. location and access of files of data and programs Task management ± Manage the accomplishment of the computing tasks 21 . deletion.

Today¶s agenda  Review   Quiz solutions Hardware and software  Cont. functions of personal computer  Networks Introduction to the Computer Desktop Keyboard Mouse 22  Basic control of input devices    .

High-definition TV Distance learning Cellular systems 23 . audio. text. image. video) over computer based networks   Entertainment Information Transactions Communications E.g. data.There is a wide spectrum of telecommunication based technologies available today  Telecommunications is the exchange of information in any form (voice.

and for small as well as large organizations. and the result is vastly more than the sum of the parts. publish their ideas. computing applications become available for business-to-business coordination and commerce. and engage in the purchase of goods and services.The networked enterprise When computers are networked. The global Internet creates a public place without geographic boundaries ± cyberspace ± where ordinary citizens can interact. In short. 24 . Suddenly. the impact of both computing on our society and organizational structures is greatly magnified. two industries ± computing and communications ± converge.

Businesses have become networked enterprises  Systems which are being used to network business processes and employees together and connect them to their customer. suppliers and other business stakeholders:     Internet Web Intranets Extranets 25 .

What is the Internet?    The Internet is a massive network of networks. forming a network in which any computer can communicate with any other computer as long as they are both connected to the Internet Information that travels over the Internet does so via a variety of languages known as protocols 26 . a networking infrastructure It connects millions of computers together globally.

and research networks now connect millions of computer systems The Internet does not have a central computer system.The Internet has become the largest and most important network today    The explosive growth of the Internet is a revolutionary phenomenon in computing and telecommunications Thousands of business. educational. Instead each message sent has a unique address code so any Internet server in the network can forward it to its destination  No headquarters .International advisory and standards groups of individual and corporate members promote use of the Internet and the development of new communications 27 standards .

to transmit data  Web services. which use HTTP to allow applications to communicate in order to exchange business logic. to access Web documents called Web pages that are linked to each other via hyperlinks  Web documents also contain graphics. use the Web to share information  The Web also utilizes browsers. such as Internet Explorer or Firefox. sounds. text and video 28 .What is the Web (World Wide Web)?  The Web is a way of accessing information over the medium of the Internet  An information-sharing model that is built on top of the Internet  The Web uses the HTTP protocol. only one of the languages spoken over the Internet.

but the two terms are not synonymous but are often confused and used interchangeably 29 . instant messaging and FTP The Web is just a portion of the Internet. albeit a large portion. is also used for e-mail. not the Web. which relies on SMTP. Usenet news groups.The Web is just one of the ways that information can be disseminated over the Internet   The Internet.

instant messaging.The World Wide Web is one of the most popular Internet applications   The most popular Internet applications are e-mail. browsing sites on the Web. and participating in newsgroups and chat rooms You can make online searches for information at websites using search engines such as Google and Yahoo! 30 .

What business value do companies derive from their business applications on the Internet?       Generate new revenue from online sales Reduce costs of doing business Develop new web-based products Increase customer loyalty and retention Attract new customers Develop new markets and channels 31 .

Many companies feel that investing in the intranet is as fundamental as supplying an employee with a phone  A network inside of an organization that uses Internet technologies to provide an Internet-like environment within the enterprise     Information sharing Communication Collaboration Support of business processes   Is protected by passwords and encryption and can only be accessed by authorized users via the Internet Business value    Collaboration and communication Web publishing Business operations and management 32 .

suppliers or other business partners Business value    Speed and ease of access to intranet resources Enables a company to offer new kinds of interactive web-based services to their customers Improved collaboration 33 .As companies continue to use extranets they are able to gain many competitive advantages along the way   Extranets are network links that use Internet technologies to interconnect the intranet of a business with the intranets of its customers.

and bus topologies. extranet. comm.IP architecture and protocols Key telecommunications components and alternatives 34 .It is important to understand some important characteristics and basic components of telecommunications Network Alternative Examples of Alternatives Networks Media Processors Software Channels Topology/architecture Internet. bandwidth alternatives Star. intranet. multiplexers. peer-to-peer Twisted-pair wire. local area. telecommunications monitors Analog/digital. wireless. routers. switches. ring. Satellites. hubs Network operating systems. fiber optics. switched/nonswitched. OSI and TCP. client/server. LAN Modems. coaxial cable. web browsers. wide area.

Other Terminals 35 . 3 3. 5 5. 2 2. Terminal Telecommunications processors Telecommunications channels Computers Telecommunications control software 4 2 Processor 3 2 Processor Computers 5 Software 1 PC. 4 4. NC.The basic components of a telecommunications network 1 1.

intranets. and extranet    WAN (Wide area networks): Connecting a large geographic area such as a city LAN (Local area network): Connect within a limited physical area such as an office VPN (Virtual private network): A secure network that uses the Internet to connect participating organizations 36 .Different types of networks serve as the telecommunications infrastructure for the Internet.

Note how the LAN allows users to share hardware, software and data resources
Shared Databases and Software Packages

PC Workstation

PC Workstation

PC Workstation

Network Server Shared Printer PC Workstation PC Workstation PC Workstation Internetwork Processor to Other Networks

Different types of networks serve as the telecommunications infrastructure for the Internet, intranets, and extranet 

Client/server: Client computers (end user PC) are interconnected by LANs and share application processing with network servers, which also manage the networks 

Have become the predominant information architecture of enterprise wide computing 

Peer-to-peer networking: The filesharing software in the P2P network connects your PC with one of the online users in the network 38

Telecommunications channels make use of a variety of telecommunications media   

Twisted-pair wire: Ordinary telephone wire, consisting of copper wire twisted into pairs in the most widely used medium for telecommunications Coaxial cable: Are you in high-service metropolitan areas and many office buildings for LANs Fiber optics: Cables consisting of one or more hair-this filaments of glass fiber wrapped in a protective jacket 

About 100 times greater that coaxial cables and 1,000 times better than twisted-pair wire


Wireless telecommunications transport digital communications without wires between communication devices 

Rely on radio wave, microwave, infrared, and visible light pulses to transport digital communications 

Terrestrial microwave Communications satellites Cellular and pcs systems Wireless LANs The wireless web


PDA) HTML or XML WML Foundation of wireless mobile Internet and Web applications 41 .The wireless application protocol (WAP) architecture for wireless Internet services to mobile appliances Wireless Access Protocol Web Server Filter Software Proxy Software Wireless Communication Tower Mobile Information Appliance (e.g.

Processors perform a variety of support functions between computers and other devices  Modems: Convert digital signal from a computer or transmission terminal at one end of a communications link to analog frequencies that can be transmitted over telephone lines   A modem at the other end converts the transmitted data back into digital form Most common type of communications processor 42 .

Networks are interconnected by special-purpose communications processors  Internetwork processors:     Switches: Communications processor that makes a connections between telecommunication circuits and networks Routers: Interconnects networks based on different rules so a message can be routed to its destination Hubs: Port (connection for shared access to networks resources) switching communications processor Gateways: Connect networks that use different communications architecture 43 .

Network management software monitors and manages network performance  Major network management functions:     Traffic management Security Network monitoring Capacity planning 44 .

alliances and network services. enterprise collaboration. enterprise intranets. and strategic advantage in local and global markets 45 . carriers. images and video communications Application Toward the pervasive use on the Internet. accelerated be deregulation and the growth of the Internet and the WWW Technology Toward extensive use of Internet. and inter organizational extranets to support electronic business and commerce. and wireless technologies to create high-speed local and global Internetworks for voice. data. digital fiber-optics.Trends in telecommunications Industry Toward more competitive vendors.

functions of personal computer  Networks Introduction to the Computer Desktop Keyboard Mouse 46  Basic control of input devices    .Today¶s agenda  Review   Quiz solutions Hardware and software  Cont.

The desktop environment may change depending on which OS is used  In graphical computing. a desktop environment (DE) commonly refers to a style of GUI that is based on the desktop metaphor (seen on most modern PCs) Computer Desktop using Microsoft Windows 2007 Starter Operating System 47 .

DEs are designed to assist in accessing/configuring the most important or commonly used features  A desktop environment typically consists of:         Icons Taskbar Windows Folders Wallpapers Shortcuts Desktop widgets Toolbars 48 .

The Graphical User Interface (GUI) ± Assuming a Windows OS 1 2 An icon is a small pictogram which may represent a file. application or device on a computer operating system  A taskbar is a bar displayed on a full edge of 2 a GUI desktop that is used to launch and monitor running applications  1 49 . folder.

It usually has a rectangular shape  It displays the output of. one or more processes 50 .The Graphical User Interface (GUI) ± Assuming a Windows OS  A window is a visual area containing some kind of user interface. and may allow input to.

is a virtual container within a digital file system. in which groups of computer files and other folders can be kept and organized 51 . in computing.The Graphical User Interface (GUI) ± Assuming a Windows OS  Folder. or drawer. directory. catalog.

usually for the desktop of a graphical user interface 52 .The Graphical User Interface (GUI) ± Assuming a Windows OS  Wallpaper (also desktop picture and desktop background) is an image used as a background on a computer screen.

current weather. etc.The Graphical User Interface (GUI) ± Assuming a Windows OS  Desktop widgets are interactive virtual tools that provide single-purpose services  E.g. 53 . a calendar. the time.

The Graphical User Interface (GUI) ± Assuming a Windows OS  A computer shortcut is a small file containing a target URI or the name of a target program file that the shortcut represents  A path between two points that is faster than the commonly used paths 54 .

The Graphical User Interface (GUI) ± Assuming a Windows OS  A toolbar is a GUI widget on which onscreen buttons. menus or other input or output elements are placed 55 . icons.

functions of personal computer  Networks Introduction to the Computer Desktop Keyboard Mouse 56  Basic control of input devices    .Today¶s agenda  Review   Quiz solutions Hardware and software  Cont.

57 .Keyboards are the most widely used devices for entering text and data    How can you control your computer? How can you tell it what you want to do now? You have to give it your command You deliver your command through the use of input devices     Keyboard Mouse Touch pad Etc.

There are several different groups of keys on a standard keyboard (QWERTY layout) Additional Keys Special Keys Arrow Keys Number Pad 58 .

The home row of the keyboard is the most important to the touch-typist 59 .

Practice activity 1      Find F and J on the keyboard Do you feel the small raised bump under each index finger? Which number on the numeric pad contains the small raised bump? Close your eyes Find the F and J keys  Did you put your fingers on the home row keys correctly? 60 . 61  .lkjh gfdsa  Ah had a lag  Slag had ah flag.Practice activity 2    Open a new Microsoft Word Place your fingers correctly on the home keys Please type the following three times each (use spaces appropriately):  asdfg hjkl.typeonline.  . For additional practice before the next class please reference:  http://www.

Keyboard shortcut keys allow the user to navigate a computer more quickly  A keyboard shortcut or hotkey is a finite set of one or more keys that invoke a software or operating system operation when triggered by the user ut.htm 62 .computerhope.

Ctrl + V or Shift + Insert: Paste the text or object that's in the clipboard 3. Alt + Tab or Alt + Esc: Quickly switch between open programs 6. 10. Ctrl + F: Open the Find in any program 5. Ctrl + Z and Ctrl + Y: Undo any change. Ctrl + P: Print what's currently being viewed in programs such as Microsoft Word or your Internet browser 8. Ctrl + Home / End: Move the cursor to the beginning or end of a document. F1: Open help for the program you're in 7.Ten useful shortcut keys to memorize Ctrl + C or Ctrl + Insert: Copy the highlighted text or selected item 2. . Ctrl + Left arrow / Right arrow: Move the cursor one word at a time instead of one character at a time 9. Page Up / Space bar and Page Down: Move that 63 page one page at a time in that direction 1. Pressing Ctrl + Y would re-do the undo 4.

Practice activity 3  In the Microsoft Word document that you have open:      Type you name Highlight your name Select Ctrl + C at the same time Select a new spot on the document Select Ctrl + V at the same time  What happens? 64 .

Practice activity 4     Select Ctrl + F Select F1 on the keyboard Select Alt + Tab on the keyboard Close out of all open windows and programs What function do each of these shortcut keys perform? 65 .

Keyboard symbols (1 of 5) 66 .

Keyboard symbols (2 of 5) 67 .

Keyboard symbols (3 of 5) 68 .

Keyboard symbols (4 of 5) 69 .

Keyboard symbols (5 of 5) 70 .

Emoticons (1 of 4) 71 .

Emoticons (2 of 4) 72 .

Emoticons (3 of 4) 73 .

Emoticons (4 of 4) 74 .

functions of personal computer  Networks Introduction to the Computer Desktop Keyboard Mouse 75  Basic control of input devices    .Today¶s agenda  Review   Quiz solutions Hardware and software  Cont.

The electronic mouse is the most popular pointing device used to move the cursor on the screen    What is a mouse?  A hand held pointing device An arrow is displayed on the screen which is called a pointer Performs four basic functions:     Pointing Clicking (right and left) Double clicking Click and drag 76 .

then click and hold Multiple selection ± pointer on blank space.When using the term ³click´ it assumed to reference the right click functionality  When working with icons    Right Click (Click) Select Left Click Icon options/management Double-click Open Click Open   When working with buttons  Click and drag   Move (icons) ± pointer on icon. draw a rectangle to cover icons When using the term ³click´ it assumed to reference the right click functionality 77 .

Pop quiz!  What are the four functions of a mouse? 78 .

Practice activity 1    Grasp the mouse firmly on both sides using the thumb and fourth or little finger and by cupping it in the palm of your hand Lay the mouse on a flat surface bracing it with the palm of your hand Rest the index finger over the left button and the middle finger over the right button 79 .

What do you see? 80 .Practice activity 2      The pointer will be pointing up and to the left Practice moving the mouse to the recycle bin and then holding it over the icon Move your hand in a arc What happens if you lift your mouse off the table? Look at the bottom of the mouse.

fourth and little finger slightly under so that the index finger is pointed Practice ³clicking´: Tap your index finger once on the table Practice ³double-clicking´: Tap your index finger twice on the table Now practice this same exercise using the mouse 81 .Practice activity 3     Place your right/left hand toward the edge of the table. Curl the middle.

What happens to the color of the My Computer icon? 82 . What happens? Click once on the My Computer icon on the desktop. Do you see that the color changes? Click once on a blank space on the desktop.Practice activity 4     Click on the start button (bottom left of the screen) Move the mouse away from the Start Menu and click once on a blank space on the desktop.

What happens? 83 .Practice activity 5        Move the mouse to the My Computer icon Double-click to open the icon Move the mouse to My Documents icon Double-click to open the icon Close the windows by clicking on the X within the small red box in the upper right hand corner of the window Move the mouse back to the My Documents icon Left-click on the icon.

Any comments or questions?  Homework due by end of day today  Must give to me directly  Homework solutions will be available tomorrow   On class website In CPS 111 folder in computer lab 2   Turn in group project teams to me today Next class topic:    Improving typing ability Quiz 2 Hwk 2 assigned  Be sure to sign in 84 .

Appendix 85 .

Currently the following 8 lab sections are available Monday Tuesday Fatou Jaiteh 9:00AM 12:00PM Momodou Sanyang 9:00AM 12:00PM Wednesday Lamarana Jallow 9:00AM 12:00PM Thursday Acquah Hackman 9:00AM 12:00PM Friday Fatou Jaiteh 2:30PM 5:30PM Lamarana Jallow 1:00PM 4:00PM Momodou Sanyang 2:30PM 5:30PM Acquah Hackman 9:00AM 12:00PM All sections are held in Lab 2 ± Please attend only ONE section 86 .

Contact information  Fatou Jaiteh ±  Miss Fatou or Fatou Jaiteh  Office hours    Tuesday: 12PM±1:30PM & 5PM±6PM Location: My office (shared with Kathy Lewis) Please contact me after class to schedule individual office hours 87 .edu.

com/a/ homework solutions and announcements will be available on the class website at the following location:  http://sites.Class website  All homework. gm/cps-111-fall-2010/ 88 .