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Presented by:

Shikhar Deo Shubham Paliwal Shubham Rajput Smriti Vohra

recreational mathematics often attracts the curiosity of nonmathematicians.What is Recreational Mathematics? Mathematics? Recreational mathematics is an umbrella term. Not all problems in the field require a knowledge of advanced mathematics. Sanford recreational mathematics comprises two principal divisions those that depend on object manipulation and those that depend on computation. According to V. and thus. referring to mathematical games and puzzles. and inspires their further study of mathematics. .

strategies. The players of the game may not need to use mathematics in order to play mathematical games. The solver must find a solution that satisfies the given conditions. y Mathematical puzzles require mathematics in order to solve them.Mathematical Games and Puzzles y Mathematical games are games whose rules. . and outcomes can be studied and explained by mathematics. Mathematical puzzles don't usually involve competition between two or more players.

mathematician and puzzlist (The y y y y y Hunting of Snark). Sam Loyd: regarded as America's greatest puzzlist(15 puzzles). and many more . Martin Gardner: author and puzzlist(Mathematical Games). John Horton Conway: mathematician and inventor (Conway's Game of life). Henry Dudeney: regarded as England's greatest puzzlist (Boss puzzles).Some famous puzzlist in older times y Lewis Carroll: author.

and many more . The Sunday Telegraph.Issues y y y y y y y The following are ones of the most popular issues: The Journal of Recreational Mathematics is the largest publication on this topic. The Mathematical Games. The Puzzling Adventures. The Scientific American. The Word Games.

share an axiomatical approach and an abstract way of reasoning in solving problems. Chess problems and chess-math puzzles can ultimately improve analytical reasoning and problem solving skill. . the queen of the sciences. Mathematics. and the concepts right and wrong are reminiscent of mathematics. the chessboard s geometry. the queen of games.Chess Puzzles concerning the chessboards and chess pieces have always lent themselves to mathematical recreations. The logic of the rules of play.

6 x 6. 7 x 7. y Sudoku: The most common puzzle.Other known puzzles y Magic square: Perhaps the oldest known puzzle is the magic square . created by Howard Garns. The smaller boxes within the standard Sudoku are called as the regions. 12 x 12 and 25 x 25. Known as lo-shu to Chinese mathematicians. . Around 2200 BC. The common 9 x 9 grid. the magic square was supposedly constructed during the reign of the Emperor Yii. Sudoku. is also played 3 x 3.

5. each cat kills 7 mice. 1. Seven houses. 2. 3. gave rise to the unending sequence-The Fibonacci sequence or Fibonacci numbers as they are also known. each ear of spelt will produce 7 hekat. the rabbit problem. What is the total of all of them? y Rabbit problem: Leonardo Fibonacci s most famous problem. . 34. . 8. As these problems had no application to daily life. 1. each mouse would have eaten 7 ears of spelt.y The Rhind papyrus: The Rhind (or Ahmes) papyrus dating to around 1650 BC. 21. suggests that the early Egyptians based their mathematics problems in puzzle form. perhaps their main purpose was to provide intellectual pleasure. 13. in each are 7 cats.

y Kakuro: Another grid puzzle.y Chinese ring puzzle: Girolamo Cardano was one the most famous scientists of his time and an inventor in many fields. called Cross Sums Sudoku. presented a game. in which clues are given in terms of cross sums. . y Chessboard problem: In 1512 Guarini devised a chessboard problem in which the goal is to effect the exchange of two black and two white knights. with each pair placed at the corners of a 3 X 3 chessboard in the minimum number of moves. often called the Chinese ring puzzle. Kakuro on a 9 × 9 grid. The clues can also be given by cryptic alphametics in which each letter represents a single digit from 0 to 9.

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