EARTHQUAKE VIGILANCE SYSTEM

PROJECT BY : Aniket Gupta Deepak Patel Joy Thomas

PROJECT I/C
Mrs. Kiran Dewangan Lecturer Et& T

Thus the project rather don·t prevent the disaster but positively the project is designed to monitor the huge sabotage to both men & property. firesmen & rings a high frequency alarm that will intimate the people residing in the particular area. Earthquake. It alarms the nearby help centres . The principal component of the project is the microcontroller. . which senses the signal when the earthquake strikes the area & performs vulnerable tasks.Aim of the project Our aim of the project basically is to minimize the pronounced destruction caused by the major natural calamity i.e.

3.FEATURES 1. Put on the emergency lights. It rises a high frequency alarm to intimate the nearby help centre. 2. . police station. firemen as well as the people living in the locality. It can count the number of shocks & display it on LCD.

000 earthquakes each year. Larger earthquakes occur less frequently. and Australia. tremor or temblor) is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. Chile.EARTHQUAKE An earthquake (also known as a quake. Italy. Peru.. but earthquakes can occur almost anywhere. the relationship being exponential . New Zealand. Turkey. Greece. Earthquakes are measured with a seismometer.S. a device which also records is known as a seismograph SIZE & FREQUENCY OF OCCURRENCE There are around 500. Iran. London. The seismicity or seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency. type and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time. About 100. the Azores in Portugal.000 of these can actually be felt. Minor earthquakes occur nearly constantly around the world in places like California and Alaska in the U. as well as in Guatemala. Pakistan. and Japan. including New York City. Indonesia.

geophone. Seismic wavefields are measured by a seismograph. hydrophone (in water). Many other natural and anthropogenic sources create low amplitude waves commonly referred to as ambient vibrations. or accelerometer . Earthquakes radiate seismic energy as both body and surface waves. . TYPES OF SIESMIC WAVES There are several different kinds of seismic waves. explosion. for example as a result of an earthquake. and they all move in different ways. Body waves can travel through the earth's inner layers. Seismic waves are studied by seismologists and geophysicists. The two main types of waves are body waves and surface waves. but surface waves can only move along the surface of the planet like ripples on water. or some other process that imparts low-frequency acoustic energy.SEISMIC WAVES Seismic waves are waves of energy that travel through the earth.

in turn. It pushes and pulls the rock it moves through just like sound waves push and pull the air. like water or the liquid layers of the earth. P-WAVES The first kind of body wave is the P wave or primary wave. They follow raypaths refracted by the varying density and modulus (stiffness) of the Earth's interior. This effect is similar to the refraction of light waves. This is the fastest kind of seismic wave. The P wave can move through solid rock and fluids. the first to 'arrive' at a seismic station. consequently. vary according to temperature. and phase. composition. . and. The density and modulus.BODY WAVES Body waves travel through the interior of the Earth.

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S waves move rock particles up and down. An S wave is slower than a P wave and can only move through solid rock. or side-to-side--perpendicular to the direction that the wave is traveling in the direction of wave propagation . which is the second wave you feel in an earthquake. . not through any liquid medium. It is this property of S waves that led seismologists to conclude that the Earth's outer core is a liquid.S-WAVES The second type of body wave is the S wave or secondary wave.

it is surface waves that are almost entirely responsible for the damage and destruction associated with earthquakes. Principle behind the project When an earthquake occurs. This damage and the strength of the surface waves are reduced in deeper earthquakes. and therefore the first to arrive at a given location. Though they arrive after body waves. . and are easily distinguished on a seismogram as a result.The P wave alternately compresses and expands material in the direction that it travels. is called the P wave. surface waves are of a lower frequency than body waves.The waves differ in their velocities and the type of tremor that they generate. it releases energy in the form of seismic waves that radiate from the earthquake source in all directions.SURFACE WAVES Travelling only through the crust. The fastest wave.

The amount of advance warning depends on the delay between the arrival of the P-wave and other destructive waves. . EARTHQUAKE VIGILANCE SYSTEM is thus designed to detect the first to arrive wave (P wave) to let us know the destructive wave (S wave) is on the way.Earthquake advance warning is possible by detecting the non-destructive primary waves that travel more quickly through the Earth's crust than do the destructive secondary and Rayleigh waves.

s TRANSMITTER (9volts) RECIEVER (6 volts) BUZZER (12 volts) LED VARIABLE POT (10k) BATTERY (9volts) SWITCH LCD BASE FUSE RESISTORS(8.2k.10k) CAPACITORS(10uf.HARDWARE USED AT 89C52 LCD (20*4 SUM 2004-3) LM 324 COMPARATOR ULN 2803 ISOLATOR HARD DRIVE MOTOR 7200 rpm TRANSFORMER TOGGLE SWITCH 3no. 33pf) .

circuit diagram .

Can be used as a domestic or commercial appliance .The project is cheap for implementation. thus will alert the residents before the major destructive wave strike the locality. 3.e P wave. 2.Moreover the project is portable & can be easily implemented on large scale. 4.i.Principle of such a project is based on the first arriving wave .ADVANTAGES Following are the advantages of such a project 1.

THANKS .

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