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Figurative Language

Simile
A comparison of two different things
using the word “like” or “as.”

Examples
Her eyes are like stars.
Eyes and stars are being compared in the
sentence.
In comparing the ‘’eyes’’ and the ‘’stars’’ the word
like is used.
“Like” and “as” don’t always make similes.
A comparison must be made.
Not Simile: I washed the dishes as she dried
them.
Simile: The dishes were as clean as the
inside of a full bottle of soap.
In the first example, no comparison is made.
In the second, the cleanliness of the dishes
is compared to the inside of a soap bottle.
Metaphor
A comparison of two different things
without using the word “like” or “as.”
Examples
Jhon is the black sheep of the family.
.jhon .black sheep
Like or as is not used in comparing.
Personification
Inanimate objects and abstract motions
are spoken of as having life and
intelligence.
- Or giving human traits of an object.
Examples
The wind whispers to my ears .
• Giving human quality ton the wind which is
a non human object by whispering to the
ears.
Hyperbole
Is an exaggerated statement of the
purpose of emphasis or heightened
effect.

Examples
I am dying of shame
• IRONY
The used of words to convey the opposite of
their meaning . It is often used to poke fun at
a situation that everyone else sees as very
serious matter.

example
Water, Water, everywhere, but not a drop to
drink.
Surrounded by water in the ocean , but none
of it is drinkable.
oxymoron
A figure of speech in which contradictory
terms appears side by side or at once of
the same thing.
The opposite of hyperbole.

Examples
It is an open secret.
TRASHKETBALL
game
Rules of the TRASHKETBALL.
1.Stay in your seats at all times.
2.You will have 30-60 seconds to discuss
your answer to a question AND
3.Write one response to the question on a
sheet of paper.
4.All the teams will hold up their answers
5.If you are correct , you’re team will get the
opportunity to shoot the correct response
into the trashcan.
6.Shots will be made after ALL the question
have been answered.
1

Let it be forgotten as a flower is forgotten,


Answer
This is a simile because it compares a thing
that should be forgotten to a flower.
2

Your hand was honey-comb to heal,


Your voice a web to bind.
Answer
This is a metaphor because the subject’s
hand was compared to honey-comb and
the subject’s voice was compared to a
web. The speaker did not use like or as.
3

After smashing through the garage door


Alex acknowledge that he may have parked
a little too close to the house.
Answer
This is an oxymoron because Alex parked
more than a little too close.
4

The brooks laugh louder when I come,


The breezes madder play.
Answer
This is personification because the brooks
are given the ability to laugh and the
breezes are given the ability to play.
5
There are some, like stars, that dwell apart,
In a fellow less firmament;
Answer
This is simile because some are compared
to stars using the word like.
6
And there will I keep you forever,
Yes, forever and a day,
Till the walls shall crumble to ruin,
And molder in dust away!
Answer
This is hyperbole because the speaker is
exaggerating how long he will keep the
person. You can’t add a day to forever
without exaggerating.
7
Freedom weeps, Wrong rules the land, and wait
Justice sleeps.
Answer
This is personification because freedom is
given the ability to weep, wrong is given
the ability to rule, and justice is given the
ability to sleep.
8
The painted leaves are strewn
Along the winding way.
Answer
This is a metaphor because the coloration
of the leaves is compared to paint without
using the word like or as.
9

Jeff probably should have said “Thanks”


after Vic saved his life.
Answer
This is an oxymoron because if someone
saves another’s life, more gratitude is
expected than the informal “Thanks.”
10
the graveyard of my soul is filled with
flowers, so that I may stroll in meditation,
at my ease.
Answer
This is a metaphor because the speaker
compares his soul to a graveyard without
using the word like or as.