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Moscow State University

Prompt J/ψ Polarization

• Motivation
• Data selection and MC samples
• Extraction of J/ψ signal in cos(θ*)
bins
• MC and data comparison
• Polarization of J/ψ for different pT
• Comparison with CDF data
• Conclusion

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Motivation

From the theoretical point of view, a rigorous framework,


based on the use NRQCD, has been developed. It allows
consistent theoretical predictions to be made. However,
despite theoretical successes, not all predictions of the
NRQCD factorization approach have been firmly established.
Recent measurements in e+e- collisions have shown that
production rates for single and double charmonium
production are in general much larger than those predicted
by leading order calculations. Measurements at the Tevatron
are not fully compatible with those obtained at HERA in
electron-proton collisions. It can be due to the possibility that
charmonium might be too light for the NRQCD factorization or
scaling rules do not work properly.
In this context, the measurement of the J/ψ polarization is a
real challenge to test our understanding of the strong
interactions.

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Motivation

A convenient measure of the polarization is the value


α = (σ T − 2σ L ) /(σ T + 2σ L )
The variable α defines the angular distribution
∝1+ α cos2 (θ *)
of the positive lepton in the center of mass frame with
respect to the momentum of decaying particle in the lab
system.

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Data selection
Data : 1.3fb-1 (RunIIa)

Base selection: AAdst (single muon skim)


repeated events and
1240 bad runs are excluded

two certified muons of opposite charge


N(SMT)≥ 1 for each muon
N(CFT) ≥ 1 for each muon
Nseg=3 for both

Pt of muon > 2.0 GeV

Trigger 2MU_A_L2ETAPHI, 2MU_A_L2M0


selection: DMU1_1L1MM2
V12
V13

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Data selection

All events in the mass


window
2.8-3.4Gev

chi2 of each muon fit < 16

Reflection of the left part


of the red histogram

~95% of prompt J/ψ


in the sample

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Data selection

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Extraction of J/ψ signal

4<pT<7GeV

Distances between peaks were fixed and taken from PDG .


The background was described as a convolution of exponential and polynomial functions.

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Extraction of J/ψ signal

7<pT<10GeV

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Extraction of J/ψ signal

10<pT<15GeV

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Extraction of J/ψ signal

15<pT

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Monte Carlo Samples

~2600000 MC events of J/ψ generated by P17.09.06


were used for this analysis.

Sample consist of 3 parts:

42% were simulated for PT >5GeV


40% were simulated for PT >7GeV
18% were simulated for PT >15GeV

For all events the following muon cuts were used:

PTμ >1.0GeV and |ημ|<5

Over all events the TRIGSIM code was run for trigger
lists:
global_CMT-12.37(old trigger version)
global_CMT-14.31(new trigger version)

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Monte Carlo Samples

pT_μ >2GeV pT_μ >2.5GeV pT_μ >3.5GeV

4-7GeV 7-10GeV 4-7GeV 7-10GeV 4-7GeV 7-10GeV

10-15GeV >15GeV 10-15GeV >15GeV 10-15GeV >15GeV

α = -1 α=0 α = +1

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Comparison MC and data

How to find the value of α?

3. Select all data events for a Pt interval of J/ψ.


4. Find |cos(θ*)| distribution extracting the signal from the invariant
mass distribution for each |cos(θ*)| bin
5. Find for each event the weight wkin which will transform
initial MC kinimatic distributions for J/ψ to extracted ones from
data.
6. Take a value of α and find for each MC event the weight wα, which
will convert the initial cos(θ*) distribution with α=0 to the
distribution with a chosen α . Final weight w for MC event
corrects the discrepancy kinematics of J/ψ in MC and data:
w=wα·wkin
7. Calculated the Chi2 value between data and MC |cos(θ*)|
distributions
8. Find the minimum of Chi2(α)

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Comparison MC and data

solid – Mc points - data

4<pT<7GeV

α=-1
Chi2=22

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Comparison MC and data

solid – Mc points - data

7<pT<10GeV

α=-0.66±0.04
Chi2=4

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Comparison MC and data

solid – Mc points - data

10<pT<15GeV

α=-0.16±0.03
Chi2=1.8

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Comparison MC and data

solid – Mc points - data

pT>15GeV

α=-0.03±0.04
Chi2=1.8

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Polarization of J/ψ

pT_μ>2.0Gev pT_μ>2.5Gev pT_μ>3.5Gev pT_μ>2.0Gev

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Comparison with CDF

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Comparison with CDF

/
DO

4-7GeV 7-10GeV CDF

10-15GeV

>15GeV

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Comparison with CDF

Circles are our data


Triangles are our data by the CDF method
Red color is for our data with |y|<0.6

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Comparison with CDF

7-9 GeV >17 GeV

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Comparison with CDF

No kinematic
corrections

7-9 GeV

Only pT
correction

7-9 GeV

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Conclusion

• Qualitatively the dependence of the J/psi polarization is like the measured


Upsilon polarization at pT>7GeV: we observe the increase of the transverse
component.
• For the polarization measurement CDF uses the method of two opposite
polarized templates and look for the linear combination of the templates
which fits the distribution of cos(θ*). Found ratio of templates is the
“observed” value. But in all publication we find nor a mention nor a value of
the correction to the “produced” value for this ratio, which should be used
in the formula for alpha.
• There is a qualitative difference between D0 and CDF polarization
measurements. D0 does not yield enough events in the CDF rapidity region
|y|<0.6 to repeat conditions of the CDF experiment at pT<10GeV. At the
equivalent value of pT ~19-20GeV results of both experiment are in
agreement if to introduce the correction of the CDF result due to the
efficiency ratio to register particles with opposite polarization.
• The reason of the disagreement with CDF at pT<10GeV most probably is
not exact simulation by CDF the kinematics of produced J/psi particles
Planned:
• RunIIb data.
• MC for RunIIb, analysis of the trigger efficiency
• Ψ(2S) MC

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BACK UP

MC:

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Comparison with CDF

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