A PROGRESS PRESENTATION ON ADAPTATING PRODUCER GAS FOR SMALL SIZE SINGLE CYLINDER SI ENGINE

Supervisor: Dr.Bivek Baral Assistant Professor Undergraduate Co-ordinator Co-supervisor: Sunil Prasad Lohani Lecturer Department of Mechanical Engineering

Group Members: Anant Bhusal (41055) Amrit Shrestha (41083)

24 November2010

INTRODUCTION
project is concerned with adapting producer gas to operate a stationary SI Engine producer gas is produced from the process of pyrolysis in gasifier Producer gas is cleaned and cooled and used to operate a stationary SI Engine
Problem Statement

Increases the amount of carbon particles which results in GLOBAL WARMING. Gradual decrease in petroleum resource
Reason behind selection of project: -

can be used in an SI Engine as a substitute for gasoline no change in amount of carbon dioxide in environment

Approximately 1 million gasifiers were used to operate vehicles worldwide during the war years.
(Source: Reed, T.B., SERI/SP-271-3022)

OBJECTIVES
The objectives of this project are: To design and fabricate the biomass gasifier appropriate to run the SI Engine. To reduce the amount of tar produced in the producer gas. To design the filter for the separation of tar from the producer gas. To design or modify the standard SI Engine for the adaptation of the producer gas. 

  

Figure: - Overall System
(Source: Adapted from Skov1974)

GASIFIER
A unit for producing gas, particularly synthesis gas from coal and other biomass.

Types of Gasifier Up draft gasifier Down draft gasifier Cross draft gasifier Fluidized Bed Gasifier

Figure: Gasifier
(Source: Reed 1981, Fig. 8-7)

GASIFICATION 
Gasification is a process that converts biomass, into carbon monoxide and hydrogen by reacting the biomass at high temperatures with a controlled amount of oxygen. CH1.4O0.6 + 1.05 O2 + 3.9 N2 -> CO2 + 0.7 H2O + 3.95 N2

Four basic processes of gasification 

  

Drying of the fuel Pyrolysis Oxidation (Combustion) Reduction

COMPARISION OF DIFFERENT TYPES GASIFIER
Up draft gasifier: -

The updraft gasifier achieves the highest efficiency Produces excessive amount of tar
Down draft gasifier: -

Comparatively lower overall efficiency Produces low amount of tar
Cross draft gasifier: -

Poor CO 2 reduction and high gas velocity High carbon monoxide, and low hydrogen and methane content
Fixed Bed Gasifier System Parameters Unit Countercurrent (up-draft) 0.1-3 1 10-150 50 Co-current (downdraft) 0.02-8 1 0.01-6 0.5 Fluidized Bed Gasifier Bubbling Circulating

Particle Content
Range Mean 1-100 4 1-23 12 8-100 40 1-30 8

Tar Content
Range Mean

The downdraft gasifier is appropriate for the production of producer gas for operating of SI Engine

PRODUCER GAS CLEANING
Steps      To choose a gasifier design that minimizes production of tars and particulates. Remove particulate (above 300oC) Remove tars (above 100oC) Remove Water Use filter devices ‡In-line filters ‡Offline filters

PRODUCER GAS COOLING
purpose is to increase the density of the gas in order to maximize the amount of combustible gas entering the cylinder
10% temperature reduction of the gas increases the maximum output of the engine by almost 2%.
(Source: Reed, T.B., SERI/SP-271-3022)

DESIGN ASSUMPTION
Type Air cooled, 4 - stroke single cylinder OHC

Displacement (D)

149.2 c.c

Maximum Power Maximum Torque Bore x Stroke Compression Ratio Idle speed Ignition

10.6 KW ( 14.3 bhp) @ 8500 rpm 12.80 N-m @ 6500 rpm 57.3 x 57.8 mm 9.1 :1 1400 rpm AMI - Advanced Microprocessor Ignition System

All the design is based on Assumption: @ 2500 rpm

OBTAINED RESULTS
Calculation of the power output of a producer gas engine
Max. air/gas intake Max. gas intake real gas intake is Thermal Power (Pg) Maximum mechanical output (PM max.) Maximum electrical output (PE max.) 0.003125 m³/s 0.001488 m³/s 0.001339 m³/s 6.42857 kW 1.9285 kW 1.7357 kVA

Design calculation of downdraught gasifier
The thermal efficiency of the gasifier is taken at 70%
A. Biomass consumption gasifier Thermal power consumption Biomass consumption 9.1836 kW 1.26 kg biomass to produce 1 kWh electricity. B. Reactor design dthroat 10cm C. Further gasifies dimensions Diameter (dr) of the fire box. dr Diameter (drl) of nozzle top ring dn 14.3027 cm 10.4 mm

DESIGNED GASIFIER

ISOMETRIC VIEW

GANTT CHART

INDEX

CONCLUSION
Work Accomplished: - 

Selection of gasifier  Design of various parts of gasifier
Work Remaining: -

(for this semester) 

Fabrication of gasifier  Testing the producer gas

Reason behind deviation: -

manufacturing difficulties in making gasifier

THANKYOU

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful