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Maritime surveillance at JRC: MASURE action
Guido Ferraro, Harm Greidanus

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Joint Research Centre
• Scientific and technical support for European Union policies (conception, development, implementation and monitoring) • For European Commission, Agencies, Member States • Part of the European Commission • Reference centre of science and technology for the EU • Serves the common interest of the Member States • Independent of special interests (private or national) • 7 Institutes, 5 sites

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Present policy developments
…related to maritime surveillance • Pollution control • Fisheries control • Maritime border security • Maritime and port security; Common European Maritime Space • Security & Defence • Integrated Maritime Policy
• EU-integrated maritime surveillance

-DGs ENV, TREN; EMSA -DG FISH -DG JLS; FRONTEX -DG TREN -Council; EDA -DG Fisheries & Maritime Affairs -DG ENTR -DG RTD

• GMES • FP7

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Inter-pillar approach
1st PILLAR
Maritime Safety Fighting Pollution Control of external borders Combating drug trafficking Combating clandestine immigration and people trafficking

3rd PILLAR

Fisheries Control

Combating Terrorism

• Many stakeholders in maritime surveillance • Good cooperation / coordination needed between EU and MS bodies

Military action at sea

Intelligence of Maritime origin

Exercise sovereignty at sea

2nd PILLAR
From EDA presentation

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Organisation
Directorate General:

European Commission

Joint Research Centre JRC

Institute:

Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen IPSC

Unit:

Maritime Affairs (being formed)

Action:

MASURE

Maritime surveillance systems and concepts

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MASURE objectives
Maritime regulatory and governance issues related to: • Enforcement & compliance monitoring Radarsat Fine • Identification of risks & threats
• Environmental • Security • Economic

 Technically: • Pollution surveillance • Vessel surveillance • Maritime Domain Awareness • Risk assessment • Work in collaboration with EU stakeholders

Quickbird

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R&D activities - pollution
• European Group of Experts on satellite Monitoring of sea-based Pollution (EGEMP) • Long-term monitoring of oil pollution
• Mapping spills, identifying hotspots, trends

• New tools
• Automatic oil spill detection algorithm for satellite SAR • Feasibility of oil spill detection with MODIS • GIS layers for environmental and shipping data

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R&D activities – ship detection
• Use of imaging satellites for maritime surveillance
• Commercial satellites, radar and optical • Automatic ship detection & classification • End-to-end vessel detection - VDS SUMO automatic ship detector
User interface Output

JRC’s Vessel Detection System
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Acq/downlink FTP to JRC Processing

Ship detection Correlate w VMS VMS AIS

To authorities Total: 30 min

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R&D activities – ship detection
• Use of imaging satellites for maritime surveillance
• Commercial satellites, radar and optical • Automatic ship detection & classification – SUMO • End-to-end vessel detection - VDS

• Fusion (integration) of vessel traffic data from many sources for Maritime Domain Awareness
• VDS, VMS, AIS, VTS, intelligence, LRIT, …

• Surveillance concepts
• Combinations of sensors, platforms, data sources

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R&D activities - general
• Technical and scientific aspects related to the definition of an EU strategy on maritime surveillance
• Data sharing policies & practices (between sectors and nations) • Interoperability of surveillance systems

• Longer term:
• New tools for maritime surveillance (UAVs, surveillance buoys, …) • GIS mapping of maritime risk assessment related to activities and regulations (existing and new trade routes, illegal immigration patterns, …)

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Maritime surveillance projects (1/3)
• VDS (satellite surveillance) campaigns for fisheries control
• For DG FISH (AA) • In 2007 in Med Sea, Irish Sea, NEAFC, Baltic

• FRONTEX studies:
• MEDSEA (2006): attended meetings • BORTEC (2006): major technical support • European Patrols Network: limited technical support

• Survey of maritime surveillance systems in EU
• For Maritime Policy Task Force • What are the practices for sharing maritime surveillance data? • Like BORTEC, but much smaller and for the non-Med countries

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Maritime surveillance projects (2/3)
• MARISS
• Industry setting up Maritime Security Services based on satellite images for some MS operational authorities • ESA GMES Service Element

• LIMES
• • • • • Land/Sea Integrated Monitoring for European Security FP6 IP Parts on land border and on maritime border Can be seen as continuation of MARISS JRC involved in setting up surveillance service chains with industry on “open water”, “coastal water”, “containers” and “outside EU”

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Maritime surveillance projects (3/3)
• TANGO
• Telecoms Advanced Networks for GMES Operations - FP6

• MARUSE
• Galileo maritime applications - GJU/GSA

• MONRUK
• Monitoring Black, Barentz, Caspian Seas - FP6

• R&D support to EMSA related to oil pollution
• MoU  PDD • New tools and methods

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Project proposals
• WIMA2S
• • • • • • • • • Wide Maritime Area Airborne Surveillance The use of UAVs FP7 security call Capability project Lead: Thales Airborne Systems Cross-sectoral integration of maritime surveillance systems FP7 security call Network project (small) Lead: Thales Underwater Systems

• OPERAMAR

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Policies toward integration of maritime surveillance
• Maritime Policy Green Paper
• Background Paper 4b “Improving European integration in maritime reporting, monitoring and surveillance” (SEC(2006) 689, 6/2006)

• Maritime Policy state of play info note (SEC(2007) 887, 21/6/2007)
• Elements envisaged for the October package • 3.c – “Action on the coordination of surveillance systems: The development of coordination tools for maritime surveillance, with the ultimate objective of arriving at a seamless network for maritime surveillance covering the different human activities in Europe's oceans and seas

• DG JLS’ “European Border Surveillance System”
• COM(2006)733 30/11/2006 “Reinforcing the management of the EU’s southern maritime borders”

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Conclusion
• Many users of maritime surveillance
• Border control, safety, fisheries, environment, defence, … • All pillars, civil-military overlaps

• Many developments
• New systems (AIS, LRIT, satellites, ...) • Many projects (ESA, FP6, FP7, GMES, …)

• The ambition of MASURE
• Serve the EU-level actors as technical reference point
Harm.Greidanus @ jrc.it EC Joint Research Centre TP 051 21020 Ispra (VA), Italy T +39-0332-78 9739 http://fish.jrc.cec.eu.int http://ipsc.jrc.cec.eu.int