ANATOMY OF THE EDENTULOUS RIDGE IN THE MAXILLA AND MANDIBLE IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR THE DESIGN OF COMPLETE DENTURE. CONSISTENCY OF THE MUCOSA AND ARCHITECTURE OF THE UNDERLYING BONE IS DIFFERENT IN VARIOUS PARTS OF EDENTULOUS RIDGE.HENCE SOME PART OF THE RIDGE IS CAPABLE OF WITHSTANDING MORE FORCES THAN OTHER AREA.

MUCOUS MEMBERANE
ORAL CAVITY IS LINED BY ORAL MUCOSA . IT CONSIST OF TWO LAYERS. 1.MUCOSA 2.SUBMUCOSA MUCOSA HAS KERATINISED SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM , STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM . SUBMUCOSA RESPONSIBLE FOR SUPPORTING THE DENTUREIT VARIES IN THICKNESS AND CONSISTENCY.

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‡ LIMITING STRUCTURES ‡ SUPPORTING STRUCTURE ‡ RELIEF AREA .

LIMITING STRUCTURES LABIAL FRENUM LABIAL VESTIBULE BUCCAL FRENUM BUCCAL VESTIBULE HAMULAR NOTCH POSTERIOR PALATAL SEAL AREA .

LABIAL FRENUM IT APPEARS AS A FOLD OF MUCOUS MEMBERANE IT EXTENDS FROM THE MUCOUS LINING OF MUCOUS MEMBERANE OF LIPS TO OR TOWARS THE CREST OF THE RESIDUAL RIDGE ON THE LABIAL SURFACE IT CAN BE NARROW OR BROAD IT MAY BE SINGLE OR MULTIPLE IT HAS NO MUSCLE FIBERS OF SIGNIFICANCE .

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NAMELY RIGHT AND LEFT THE TONE OF ORBICULARIS ORIS MUSCLE DEPENDS ON THE SUPPORT RECEIVED FROM THE LABIAL FLANGE OF THE DENTURE AND POSITION OF ARTIFICIAL TEETH VESTIBULE IS COVERED BY LINIG OF MUCOSA .LABIAL VESTIBULE / LABIAL FLANGE IT EXTENDS ON BOTH SIDES FROM LABIAL FRENUM TO BUCCAL FRENUM IT IS DIVIDED INTO TWO COMPARTMENTS BY LABIAL FRENUM.

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BUCCAL FRENUM IT EXTENDS FROM BUCCAL MUCOSAL MEMBERANE AND SEPERATES THE LABIAL AND BUCCAL VESTIBULE LEVATOR ANGULI ORIS ± ATTACHES BENEATH THE FRENUM ORBICULARIS ORIS ± PULL THE FRENUM IN A FORWARD DIRECTION BUCCINATOR ± PULL THE FRENUM IN THE BACKWARD DIRECTION GREATER CLEARANCE IS NEEDED ON THE BUCCAL FLANGE OF DENTURE .

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BUCCAL VESTIBULE IT EXTENDS FROM THE BUCCAL FRENUM ANTERIORLY TO THE HAMULAR NOTCH POSTERIORLY IT IS BOUND EXTERNALLY BY THE CHEEK AND INTERNALLY BY RESIDUAL RDGE DISTAL END OF THE DENTURE SHOULD BE ADJUSTED IN SUCH A WAY THAT THERE IS NO INTERFERENCE TO THE CORONOID PROCESS DURING OPENING OF MOUTH SIZE OF THE BUCCAL VESTIBULE VARIES .

HAMULAR NOTCH IT IS A DEPRESSION SITUATED BETWEEN MAXILLARY TUBEROSITY AND HAMULUS OF MEDIAL PTERYGOID PLATE IT IS A SOFT AREA OF LOOSE AREOLAR TISSUE PTERYGOMANDIBULAR LIGAMENT ATTACHES TO THE HAMULUS THE DENTURE BORDER EXTENDS TO THE HAMULAR NOTCH OR ELSE THERE IS PAIN DURING DENTURE WEAR TISSUE IN THIS AREA CAN BE SAFELY DISPLACED TO ACHIEVE POSTERIOR PALATAL SEAL .

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POSTERIOR PALATAL SEAL AREA IT IS DISTAL TO THE JUNCTION OF HARD AND SOFT PALATE VIBRATING LINE.AREA AT THE JUNCTION OF HARD AND SOFT PALATE POSTERIOR EXTENSION OF THE POSTERIOR PALATAL SEAL IS DETERMINED BY THE VIBRATING LINES FUNCTIONS 1. 3. 2. AIDS IN RETENTION REDUCES THE TENDENCY OF GAG REFLEX PREVENT FOOD ACCUMULATION COMPENSATE FOR POLYMERIZATION SHRINKAGE . 4.

POSTERIOR PALATAL SEAL AREA PTERYGOMAXILARY SEAL POST PALATAL SEAL EXTENDS 3-4mm ANTERO LATERALLY ACROSS THE HAMULAR NOTCH IT EXTENDS BETWEEN TWO MAXILLARY TUBEROSITIES .

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SUPPORTING STRUCTURES PRIMARY STRESS BEARING AREAS HARD PALATE POSTEROLATERAL SLOPES OF THE RESIDUAL ALVEOLAR RIDGE SECONDARY STRESS BEARING AREAS RUGAE MAXILLARY TUBEROSITY/ALVEOLAR TUBERCLE .

HARD PALATE ANTERIOR REGION-FORMED BY THE PALATINE SHELVES OF THE MAXLLARY BONE WHICH MEET AT THE CENTER TO FORM THE MEDIAN SUTURE POSTERIOR REGION ±THE HORIZONTAL PLATE OF THE PALATINE BONE SUBMUCOSA IN THE MIDPALATINE SUTURE IS EXTREMELY THIN HORIZONTAL PORTION OF THE HARD PALATELATERAL TO THE MIDLINE ACT AS PRIMARY SUPPORT AREA RUGAE AREA ACT AS SECONDARY SUPPORT AREA .

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RESIDUAL RIDGE PORTION OF THE ALVEOLAR RIDGE AND ITS SOFT TISSUE COVERINGWHICH REMAINS FOLLOWING THE REMOVAL OF TEETH POSTEROLATERAL PORTION-IS THE PRIMARY STRESS BEARING AREA CREST OF RIDGE IS THE SECONDARY STRESS BEARING AREA SUBMUCOSA OVER RIDGE HAS ADEQUATE RESILENCY TO SUPPORT THE DENTURE .

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RUGAE THEY ARE WASTE AREAS OF DENSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE RADIATING FROM THE MEDIAN SUTURE IN THE ANTERIOR ONE THIRD OF THE PALATE IT IS A SECONDARY SUPPORT AREA IT RESIST ANTERIOR DISPLACEMENT OF DENTURE THE FOLDS OF THE MUCOSA PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN SPEECH .

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MAILLARY TUBEROSITY IT IS THE BULBOUS EXTENSION OF THE RESIDUAL RIDGE IN THE SECOND AND THIRD MOLAR REGION THEY ARE LEAST LIKELY TO RESORB A ROUGH PROMINENCE BEHIND THE POSITION OF THE LAST TOOTH IS CALLED ALVEOLAR TUBERCLE .

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RELIEF AREA INCISIVE PAPILLA CUSPID EMINENCE MID PALATINE RAPHE FOVEA PALATINA .

INCISIVE PAPILLA MIDLINE STRUCTURE SITUATED BEHIND THE CENTRAL INCISORS IT IS THE EXIT POINT OF NASOPALATINE NERVE OR VESSEL IT SHOULD BE RELIEVED IF NOT THE DENTURE WILL COMPRESS THE VESSELS OR NERVES AND LEAD TO NECROSIS OF THE DISTRIBUTING AREAS AND PARAESTHESIA OF ANTERIOR PALATE .

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CUSPID EMINENCE IT IS A BONY ELEVATION ON THE RESIDUAL ALVEOLAR FORMED AFTER THE EXTRACTION OF CANINE IT IS LOCATED BEWEEN THE CANINE AND FIRST PREMOLAR REGION .

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UNDERLYING BONY UNION BEING VERY DENSE AND RAISED THE PALATAL TORUS IS LOCATED HERE IF PRESENT THIS AREA IS SENSITIVE PART OF THE PALATE TO PRESSURE IT SHOULD BE RELIEVED DURING DENTURE FABRICATION .MID PALATINE RAPHE AREA EXTENDING FROM INCISIVE PAPILLA TO THE DISTAL END OF HARD PALATE THE MUCOSA OVER THIS AREA IS USUALLY TIGHTLY ATTACHEDTO AND THIN .

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FOVEA PALATINA FORMED BY COALESENCE OF THE DUCTS OF SEVERAL MUCOUS GLANDS THEY ARE USUALLY TWO IN NUMBER FORMED ONE ON EACH SIDE OF MIDLINE AND SLIGHTLY POSTERIOR TO THE JUNCTION OF HARD AND SOFT PALATE IT ACT AS AN ARBITARY GUIDE TO LOCATE POSTERIOR BORDER OF THE DENTURE THE DENTURE CAN EXTEND 1-2mm BEYOND THE FOVEA PALATINA AIDS IN RETENTION .

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