Etruscan Art (800 B.C. to 100 B.C.


Italian art history begins with the Etruscans. Etruscan Civilization was created on the now known Tuscany region of Italy. It isn't known where they came from, but the character of their art and many distinctive features of their religion make it clear that the original Etruscans were from a region in Asia Minor. y When they arrived, they brought a high level of a Greek-like culture with them. Like the Greeks, the Etruscans lived in fortified cities. Their civilization stretched from the Arno River in the North to the Tiber River towards the center of the Italian peninsula in the South. y These people rose to prosperity and power, and then disappeared, leaving behind many unanswered questions concerning their origin and their culture. For their Greek contemporaries and Roman successors, the Etruscans were clearly a different ethnic group.

Asia Minor. There are marked similarities to the art of the Phoenician cities of Tyre and Sidon.C. y Etruscan art appears nowhere as related primary upon the influences. They had an alphabet based on the Greek alphabet. .Little Etruscan literature remains and the language of inscriptions on their monuments has been only partially deciphered. concepts and methods of Greek art. y y Etruscan art had great influence on subsequent Roman styles and was largely absorbed by the 1st century B. It also promotes Italian elements and reflects distinctively Etruscan religious beliefs. Egypt. and even Assyria.

Art Forms Funerary Art (Tombs and their contents) y Architecture y Sculpture (Terra Cotta and Bronze) y .

Plan of Regolini.Galassi Tomb. 670-650 BCE . Cerveteri.

Fibula from RegoliniGalassi Tomb. Gold. .5µ. 670650 BCE. Cerveteri. Rome. 11.

3rd century BCE. Cerveteri.Burial chamber. Italy .Tomb of Reliefs.

Artist Unknown.Tarquinia 525 B.Etruscan Tomb of Hunting & Fishing Main Chamber.C. Italy .

height 25. Italy .Human-headed cinerary. Terra cotta.5µ. 675650 BCE.

Louvre . 520 BCE. Terra-cotta. from Cerveteri.Sarcophagus. length 6·7µ.

Stone.Youth and female Demon. Early 4th century BCE. Cinerary container. . length 47µ.

public buildings. so nothing remained. y . y An Etruscan temple. indicate how temples were built in enclosures and had tiled. Roman temples were patterned on the form developed by the Etruscans. as well as traces of later stone structures. Ceramic models of temples. like their Greek counterparts. to meet religious requirements. was located on a north-south axis and stood on a high podium with a four-columned porch. gabled roofs supported on pillars.Architecture Etruscans built palaces. and early temples in wood and brick.

C. .Reconstruction of the Portonaccio Temple. 515-490 B.Veii.

Italy.C.) in Perugia. .Porta Marzia (3rd century B.


bronze statuary was common and the Etruscans brought the art of bronze working to a very high level of achievement. Important part of their art is associated with their funerary customs.Sculpture The Etruscans created artistic objects mostly for religious purposes. y . also works from temples. and these include besides sculptures on sarcophagi. or baked clay. y As a consequence of abundant ore deposits. y The most famous Etruscan works are in terracotta.

from Veii. Terra cotta. 510 BCE. Rome. .Apollo. height 5· 9µ.

Rome .5µ. height 33. 500 BCE.She-Wolf. Bronze.

height 71µ. Bronze.The Orator. 90 B. from Pila Near Perugia.C. Florence .

Russia. State Hermitage Museum. bronze. . Lion's Head. first half of the 5th century BCE. height 26 cm.Etruscan. Petersburg. St.

Reclining Youth. Russia . Cinerary Urn. bronze. early 4th century BCE. St. Petersburg. length of base 69 cm.Etruscan. State Hermitage Museum. height of figure 42 cm.

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