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Warm up!

Think of a television show that you
have watched recently (last night?)

1. Try to explain what the main topic
of the story was about in no more
then three words.

2. Try to explain what the main topic
of the story was about in no more
then three words.

Themes in Hamlet ♦Analyze the way in which theme represents a view or comment on life. using textual evidence as support .

We can learn more about ourselves and humanity by analyzing the theme. Concept: Theme • Is the central idea or insight about human experience revealed in a work of literature. • Can usually be expressed in a word or two Why is it important to discover the theme? • The theme is what the writer wishes to convey about that subject: the writer’s view of the world or revelation about human nature. .

it is easy to say the general subject is love. for example. Identifying and Analyzing Theme: • always involves generalizations and abstractions. • There are universal themes that can be found in countless works of literature. such as love and hate. good and evil.  • A story or poem may be about a specific love affair. life and death. but interpreting the theme involves explaining what the work says about love. innocence and experience. society and the individual. • You analyze the theme by asking what the work says about _____ (theme) . communication and isolation.

two or three words. Try to explain what the story was about using only one. Explain what Romeo and Juliet is about using one. CFU: Is what you wrote down a theme? CFU: How do you know? How is it developed? CFU: What does the story say about your theme? . CFU: Is what you wrote down a theme? CFU: How do you know? How is it developed? CFU: What does the story say about your theme? 2. two or three words. Back to the warm up… Think of a television show that you have watched recently (last night?) 1.

The themes in Hamlet are: .

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Our job: • Is not to find the theme • Our job is to analyze the theme. and what the story is saying about the theme. using specific evidence from the text (quotes) • How are themes developed you ask? . This means that we will be discussing how the themes are developed.

these details are there for a reason. Themes may be developed in a number of ways: • How the Character develops theme: Do Characters change? – Are themes revealed through actions. dramatic statements or personalities of characters? • Do the characters convey conflicting values? Which values does the whole work seem to be defending? • Sometimes a character's main function is to symbolize an abstract quality. in obvious or subtle ways. . – Are there characters or events or other details that seem to have no importance in the plot of a story? • In good literature. they probably have a special thematic significance. Remember that names are sometimes symbolic. such as greed or honesty or laziness.

images. • How setting develops theme: Symbols? – Are there other symbols. While Laertes says…. . • How points of view develops theme: What is said? – Are themes revealed in direct statements by one or more characters in the play? • Hamlet says…. and descriptive details in the work that suggest themes? • Look for repeated words and images as clues to theme.• How the plot develops theme: What happens? – What actions are taking place that develop the theme? – What ideas are implied by the total impression of the whole work? • Sometimes theme is revealed only when the work is viewed as a whole..

explain what the story says about your theme . • In a paragraph. Focus Finder: • Explore the way that the theme is developed through the categories of: – Plot – Character – Setting – Point of view • Identify textual evidence (quotes) that relate to each category and exemplify your theme.

POV Quote: Focus Finder How the character develops theme Character Quote: Do Characters change? Does a character symbolize an abstract quality Do the characters convey conflicting values Does a character seem not to be Important? How might that be important? How point of How plot view develops develops theme theme Theme What actions are Is the theme Family taking place? expressed Pressures Any ideas are through other implied by the characters POV? work as a whole? Setting Quote: How setting develops theme Plot Quote: Are there any symbols. . explain what story says about family pressures. repeated words or images? On a separate piece of paper.

Closure Questions: • Concept: – What is a theme? – What does a theme reveal about the author? • Importance: – What can we learn by discovering the theme? • Skill: – How are themes developed? (4 ways) – What do we look for when we analyze plot? – What do we look for when we analyze setting? – What do we look for when we analyze character? – What do we look for when we analyze point of view? – What is the purpose of including quotes? .

We will share these with the class tomorrow. . In Class work: • Work independently (by yourself) to Complete your focus finder for the theme of madness. revenge or family pressures.