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The upper and lower specification limits (USL. µ. the greater is the spread of values encountered. Due to the properties of the normal distribution. For the curve shown above. The Greek letter ɗ (sigma) marks the distance on the horizontal axis between the mean. which underlies the statistical assumptions of the Six Sigma model.Graph of the normal distribution. LSL) are at a distance of 6ɗ from the mean. µ = 0 and ɗ = 1. The greater this distance is. values lying that far away from the mean are extremely unlikely. . and the curve's inflection point.

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