You are on page 1of 13

 



c  .

Searle (1911 .1960) (born 1932) Great Britain USA c  .John L. Austin John R.

ðefinition ‡ V  is an act that a speaker performs when making an utterance. ‡ V  is an intent utterance given in accordance with speech principles and rules ‡ V  are a staple of everyday communicative life. c  .

He advised/ ordered me to shoot her. Speech act components ‡ Locutionary act the act of µsaying something¶ in the full normal sense is the performance of locutionary act He said to me: V è ‡ Illocutionary act It is a complete speech act. some result He has persuaded me to shoot her. ‡ Perlocutionary act (effect) the consequence of an illocutionary act. and a particular illocutionary force. that consists of the delivery of the propositional content of the utterance.  . made in a typical utterance.

 .

 c  .

Searle¶s classification ‡ ðirectives ‡ Commissives ‡ Representatives ‡ ðeclaratives ‡ Expressives c  .John R.

ðirectives ð   is a speech act that is to cause the hearer to take a particular action —     .

     .

    ! "# !  .

$%! &'.

(   )(  .

 ! c  .

g. refuses) e. #(    * +  +(  c  . Commissives r   is a speech act that commits a speaker to some future action (promises.

 . Representatives `    is a speech act that commits a speaker to the truth of the expressed proposition e.g.

..

-.

(.

 '  ( ..

  .

  V       c  .

ðeclaratives ð   is a speech act that changes the reality in accord with the proposition of the declaration.  .g. e.

.

            (   .

% c  .

e. Expressives ‰   is a speech act that expresses on the speaker's attitudes and emotions towards the proposition.   .g.

 .

. / + ..   )  .

( c  .

Speech act functions 1) Exchange factual information ' .

   01—  2) Exchange intellectual information '     3) Exchange emotional attitudes + .

 (     4) Exchange moral attitudes  .

   5) Suasion 2 .

 .

   6) Socializing 2.

3   ! c  .

‡ Speech act is a component of the communicative act. Conclusions ‡ Main features of speech acts are intentionality and purposefulness or commitment. c  .

wikipedia. Hatch ðiscourse and language education ± Los Angeles.umn. Searle. M.html 5. 3.edu/entries/speech-acts/ c  .R.edu/speechacts/definition. http://www.carla. J.Bierwisch Speech Act Theory and Pragmatics. http://en. Kieifer. F.stanford.org/wiki/Speech_act 4. http://plato. 2. References 1. 1980 by ð. E. 1992. Reidel Publishing Company. 1-35.