2 views

Uploaded by dnyneshwar

save

- Basics of Trigonometry
- DPP-1..pdf iit maths
- MATH120-1 S16 Rudyhinker Syllabus
- 3 Trigonometric Functions
- Determination of Ideal Curve Having Constant Wedge
- COMP 202 Midterm Exam 2010 03 Appendix
- Trigonometry Unit 5 Real World Project
- rph 4ixr 10.7
- Todhunter Trigonometry for Beginners
- Tampines Prelim 2009 Am 2
- The Unit Circle
- Trig
- 1893854-AQA-MPC2-QP-JUN12.pdf
- Ict Power Point
- Momentos Flexionantes en vigas
- Trigonometric Addition Formulas
- 159258080 CXC MATHS Formula Sheet
- ACEAM_web_F516(67–71)
- EN3064
- outsidemath
- ch2_1_25
- Calculator Complete Code
- CHST103.21E
- simplifying trigonometric expressions worksheet mw
- SCSEC25 Maths Syllabus Examination-2015 English
- Right Triangle Trigonometry
- eng_10201_1596_1314b
- Methods Integration
- Math 2 Syllabus
- review essential skills and knowledge
- The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution
- Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future
- Dispatches from Pluto: Lost and Found in the Mississippi Delta
- Yes Please
- The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America
- Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind
- The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power
- The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer
- Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius
- This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate
- A Heartbreaking Work Of Staggering Genius: A Memoir Based on a True Story
- Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America
- John Adams
- The Hard Thing About Hard Things: Building a Business When There Are No Easy Answers
- Smart People Should Build Things: How to Restore Our Culture of Achievement, Build a Path for Entrepreneurs, and Create New Jobs in America
- Rise of ISIS: A Threat We Can't Ignore
- The World Is Flat 3.0: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century
- The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
- Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln
- Bad Feminist: Essays
- Angela's Ashes: A Memoir
- Steve Jobs
- How To Win Friends and Influence People
- The Incarnations: A Novel
- You Too Can Have a Body Like Mine: A Novel
- Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close: A Novel
- The Sympathizer: A Novel (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction)
- The Silver Linings Playbook: A Novel
- Leaving Berlin: A Novel
- The Light Between Oceans: A Novel
- Brooklyn: A Novel
- The Flamethrowers: A Novel
- The Blazing World: A Novel
- The Rosie Project: A Novel
- The First Bad Man: A Novel
- We Are Not Ourselves: A Novel
- The Master
- Bel Canto
- A Man Called Ove: A Novel
- The Love Affairs of Nathaniel P.: A Novel
- Life of Pi
- The Cider House Rules
- A Prayer for Owen Meany: A Novel
- My Sister's Keeper: A Novel
- Lovers at the Chameleon Club, Paris 1932: A Novel
- The Bonfire of the Vanities: A Novel
- The Perks of Being a Wallflower
- The Kitchen House: A Novel
- Beautiful Ruins: A Novel
- Interpreter of Maladies
- The Wallcreeper
- The Art of Racing in the Rain: A Novel
- Wolf Hall: A Novel
- eileen castillo- ct lesson plan observation 2
- 2004-1 A New Roof to Cover a Large Area
- Arena - Problems for Class
- Blogspot Se
- CURSO BÁSICO DE MANEJO DE CUENCAS HIDROGRÁFICAS
- Cadernos de Engenharia de Estruturas 2010.pdf
- solucion numerica
- GONÇALVES
- Monte Carlo NPV 1000 Test Corrected FEB1711
- An Addendum to The Work of Kurt Gödel
- CS Foundation Solved Scanner Paper-2B
- Accounting Rate of Return
- 12-02-0Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics
- UM18MB502 QM-1 Unit 1 Practice Problems
- Guia Pre exani
- Nav Slides
- nema 2 sd
- 27325983-Hallmarks-of-Scientific-Research
- Communication in Maths
- Plan de Unidad Temática- Matemática-Tercero de Bachillerato
- Uso de métodos meta analíticos en psicología clínica.pdf
- 2
- gmsh
- Mock Test-1
- T R E I N A M E N T O - apostila-rev02-2016.doc---+++
- Tieu Chuan Uon 3D (790)
- TALLER M
- CUARTILES
- LAB_01
- numeracy eg

You are on page 1of 37

4

Trigonometry

Trigonometry

**Trigonometry begins in the right
**

triangle, but it doesn’t have to be

restricted to triangles. The

trigonometric functions carry the

ideas of triangle trigonometry into a

©Carolyn C. Wheater, 2000

**broader world of real-valued
**

functions and wave forms.

2

Trigonometry Topics

Radian Measure

The Unit Circle

Trigonometric Functions

Larger Angles

Graphs of the Trig Functions

©Carolyn C. Wheater, 2000

Trigonometric Identities

Solving Trig Equations

3

called radian measure. 4 . A radian is the measure of a central angle whose intercepted arc is equal in length to ©Carolyn C. Wheater. 2000 the radius of the circle. it is helpful to move to a different system of angle measure. Radian Measure To talk about trigonometric functions.

2000 degrees radians = 360 2π 5 . Radian Measure There are 2π radians in a full rotation -- once around the circle There are 360° in a full rotation To convert from degrees to radians or radians to degrees. Wheater. use the proportion ©Carolyn C.

Sample Problems Find the degree Find the radian measure equivalent measure equivalent 3π of radians. Wheater. 2000 d 3π 4 210 = r = 360 2π 360 2π 2πd = 270π 360r = 420π 420π 7π d = 135 r= = 6 360 6 . of 210° 4 degrees radians degrees radians = = 360 2π 360 2π ©Carolyn C.

with its center at the origin. and a radius of 1. Choose a point on the ©Carolyn C. The Unit Circle Imagine a circle on the coordinate plane. 7 . 2000 circle somewhere in quadrant I. Wheater.

The Unit Circle Connect the origin to the point. 2000 triangle with hypotenuse of 1. Wheater. and from that point drop a perpendicular to the x-axis. 8 . This creates a right ©Carolyn C.

Wheater.and y-coordinates of the chosen point. 2000 this triangle gives bg x cos θ = = x 1 y sin(θ ) = = y 1 9 . 1 Applying the definitions of y the trigonometric ratios to x ©Carolyn C. The Unit Circle θ is the The length of its legs are angle of rotation the x.

The Unit Circle The coordinates of the chosen point are the cosine and sine of the angle θ . Wheater. 2000 1 1 The other trigonometric functions can be defined from these. This provides a way to define functions sin(θ ) and cos(θ ) for all real numbers θ . 10 . y sin(θ ) = = y bg x cos θ = = x ©Carolyn C.

Trigonometric Functions θ is the sin(θ ) = y bg csc θ = 1 y angle of rotation bg cos θ = x bg sec θ = 1 x 1 y x ©Carolyn C. Wheater. 2000 bg tan θ = y x bg cot θ = x y 11 .

2000 trigonometric functions still hold. Around the Circle As that point moves around the unit circle into quadrants II. 12 . the new definitions of the ©Carolyn C. Wheater. and IV. III.

13 . Wheater. 2000 The acute angle which produces the same values is called the reference angle. ©Carolyn C. Reference Angles The angles whose terminal sides fall in quadrants II. and IV will have values of sine. III. cosine and other trig functions which are identical (except for sign) to the values of angles in quadrant I.

Reference Angles The reference angle is the angle between the terminal side and the nearest arm of the x-axis. 2000 dropping a perpendicular from the point on the unit circle to the x-axis. in the right triangle created by ©Carolyn C. The reference angle is the angle. with vertex at the origin. 14 . Wheater.

θ . ©Carolyn C. the reference angle is π −θ In quadrant II. Quadrant II Original angle For an angle. Wheater. in quadrant II. 2000 Reference angle sin(θ ) is positive cos(θ ) is negative tan(θ ) is negative 15 .

θ . in quadrant III. ©Carolyn C. the reference angle is θ -π In quadrant III. Wheater. 2000 sin(θ ) is negative Reference angle cos(θ ) is negative tan(θ ) is positive 16 . Quadrant III Original angle For an angle.

Wheater. in Reference angle quadrant IV. 2000 sin(θ ) is negative cos(θ ) is positive Original angle tan(θ ) is negative 17 . the reference angle is 2π −θ In quadrant IV. ©Carolyn C. Quadrant IV For an angle. θ .

All Star Trig Class Use the phrase “All Star Trig Class” to remember the signs of the trig functions in different quadrants. 2000 Trig Class Tan is positive Cos is positive 18 . Wheater. Star All Sine is positive All functions are positive ©Carolyn C.

2000 19 . in a space of 2π . has the graph shown. y=sin(x). down to –1. Graphs of the Trig Functions Sine The most fundamental sine wave. Itfluctuates from 0 to a high of 1. and back to 0. ©Carolyn C. Wheater.

2000 The period of the function is 2π The two remaining numbers. tells the height of each peak and the depth of each trough. The amplitude. a. h. tell the translation of the wave from the origin. ©Carolyn C. b. tells the number of full wave patterns that are completed in a space of 2π . 20 . a. Graphs of the Trig Functions The graph of cb gh y = a sin b x − h +is k determined by four numbers. b. h and b k. Wheater. The frequency. and k.

1 ©Carolyn C.1 −2 (B) y = 2sin(4x) −3 (C) y = 2sin(2x) . 2000 −4 −5 (D) y = 4sin(2x) .1 (E) y = 3sin(4x) 21 . Sample Problem 5 4 Which of the following 3 2 equations best describes 1 the graph shown? −2π −1π 1π 2π −1 (A) y = 3sin(2x) . Wheater.

−1 Find height of each peak. −2 −3 Amplitude is 3 ©Carolyn C. Wheater. 2000 −4 Count number of waves in 2π −5 Frequency is 2 y = 3sin(2x) . Sample Problem 5 4 Find the baseline between the 3 high and low points.1 22 . 2 1 Graph is translated -1 −2π −1π 1π 2π vertically.

2000 to 0. down to –1. π units to 2 the left. back to 0 and up to 1. It fluctuates from 1 ©Carolyn C. in a space of 2π . Graphs of the Trig Functions Cosine The graph of y=cos(x) resembles the graph of y=sin(x) but is shifted. or translated. Wheater. 23 .

Graphs of the Trig Functions The values of a. k Horizontal and vertical shift 24 . b. cb gh y = a cos b x − h + k Amplitude a Height of each peak ©Carolyn C. Wheater. 2000 Frequency b Number of full wave patterns Period 2π /b Space required to complete wave Translation h. h. and k change the shape and location of the wave as for the sine.

Wheater. Sample Problem Which of the following 8 equations best describes 6 the graph? 4 (A) y = 3cos(5x) + 4 2 (B) y = 3cos(4x) + 5 ©Carolyn C. 2000 −2π −1π 1π 2π (C) y = 4cos(3x) + 5 (D) y = 5cos(3x) +4 (E) y = 5sin(4x) +3 25 .

Wheater. 2000 −2π −1π 1π 2π 2π Frequency =3 y = 5cos(3x) + 4 26 . Sample Problem Find the baseline 8 Vertical translation + 4 6 Find the height of peak 4 Amplitude = 5 2 Number of waves in ©Carolyn C.

cotangent is discontinuous. 27 . Wheater. Graphs of the Trig Functions Tangent The tangent function has a discontinuous graph. 2000 Like the tangent. • Discontinuities of the cotangent are π of those for units left2 tangent. repeating in a period of π . Cotangent ©Carolyn C.

Graphs of the Trig Functions Secant and Cosecant The secant and cosecant functions are the reciprocals of the cosine and sine functions respectively. Wheater. ©Carolyn C. Imagine each graph is balancing on the peaks and troughs of its reciprocal function. 2000 28 y=sec(x) .

Wheater. 29 . ©Carolyn C. There are many trig identities that are useful in changing the appearance of an expression. Trigonometric Identities An identity is an equation which is true for all values of the variable. 2000 The most important ones should be committed to memory.

Wheater. Trigonometric Identities Reciprocal Identities Quotient Identities 1 sin x = sin x csc x tan x = cos x 1 cos x = sec x cos x ©Carolyn C. 2000 cot x = sin x 1 tan x = cot x 30 .

sin x = cos(90 − x ) ©Carolyn C. Wheater. Trigonometric Identities Cofunction Identities The function of an angle = the cofunction of its complement. 2000 sec x = csc(90 − x ) tan x = cot(90 − x ) 31 .

2000 Divide the first by cos x 2 tan x + 1 = sec x 2 2 32 . Wheater. Trigonometric Identities Pythagorean Identities The fundamental Pythagorean identity sin 2 x + cos2 x = 1 Divide the first by sin x 2 1 + cot x = csc x 2 2 ©Carolyn C.

Solving Trig Equations Solve trigonometric equations by following these steps: Ifthere is more than one trig function. 2000 Solve the equation for this new variable Reinsert the trig function Determine the argument which will produce the desired value 33 . Wheater. use identities to simplify Let a variable represent the remaining function ©Carolyn C.

2000 Reinsert the trig function Determine the argument 34 . Solving Trig Equations To solving trig equations: Use identities to simplify Let variable = trig function Solve for new variable ©Carolyn C. Wheater.

Wheater. Sample Problem Solve 3 − 3 sin x − 2 cos2 x = 0 Use the Pythagorean identity 3 − 3 sin x − 2 cos2 x=0 • (cos2x = 1 . 2000 1 − 3 sin x + 2 sin 2 x = 0 Order terms 2 sin 2 x − 3 sin x + 1 = 0 35 .sin2x) Distribute c h 3 − 3 sin x − 2 1 − sin 2 x = 0 3 − 3 sin x − 2 + 2 sin 2 x = 0 Combine like terms ©Carolyn C.

Sample Problem Solve 3 − 3 sin x − 2 cos2 x = 0 Let t = sin x 2 sin 2 x − 3 sin x + 1 = 0 2t 2 − 3t + 1 = 0 Factor and solve. Wheater. 2000 2t = 1 t =1 1 t= 2 36 . (2t − 1)(t − 1) = 0 2t − 1 = 0 t − 1 = 0 ©Carolyn C.

. Wheater. π 5π t = sin(x) = ½ when x = or 6 6 π t = sin(x) = 1 when x= 2 ©Carolyn C. 6 6 2 37 . 2000 π 5π π So the solutions are x= . Sample Problem Solve 3 − 3 sin x − 2 cos2 x = 0 Replace t = sin x.

- Basics of TrigonometryUploaded byVinod Bisht
- DPP-1..pdf iit mathsUploaded bySunil Pandey
- MATH120-1 S16 Rudyhinker SyllabusUploaded byCharles
- 3 Trigonometric FunctionsUploaded bySatyam Pandey
- Determination of Ideal Curve Having Constant WedgeUploaded byyannrouge01
- COMP 202 Midterm Exam 2010 03 AppendixUploaded byjoehayek
- Trigonometry Unit 5 Real World ProjectUploaded byjessicarrudolph
- rph 4ixr 10.7Uploaded byNur Azlin Jalil
- Todhunter Trigonometry for BeginnersUploaded bynewtonfogg123
- Tampines Prelim 2009 Am 2Uploaded byJASON_INGHAM
- The Unit CircleUploaded bykarthikesan48
- TrigUploaded byDon Wilson
- 1893854-AQA-MPC2-QP-JUN12.pdfUploaded byastargroup
- Ict Power PointUploaded byteachersaras
- Momentos Flexionantes en vigasUploaded byAlejandra Ontiveros
- Trigonometric Addition FormulasUploaded byGuillermo Prol Castelo
- 159258080 CXC MATHS Formula SheetUploaded byEric D Medeci
- ACEAM_web_F516(67–71)Uploaded byruvenvishali
- EN3064Uploaded bySandeep Kushwaha
- outsidemathUploaded byapi-249511661
- ch2_1_25Uploaded bygianfranco361
- Calculator Complete CodeUploaded by_piAh_
- CHST103.21EUploaded bychantaiah
- simplifying trigonometric expressions worksheet mwUploaded byapi-327028350
- SCSEC25 Maths Syllabus Examination-2015 EnglishUploaded byAnas Elgaud
- Right Triangle TrigonometryUploaded byJan Homarl Tacdol Alambra
- eng_10201_1596_1314bUploaded bySumitkvsingh
- Methods IntegrationUploaded bykapsicum
- Math 2 SyllabusUploaded bySpica Dim
- review essential skills and knowledgeUploaded byapi-235812883

- eileen castillo- ct lesson plan observation 2Uploaded byapi-322241359
- 2004-1 A New Roof to Cover a Large AreaUploaded byEDITORIAL STARBOOKS
- Arena - Problems for ClassUploaded byVisakh Radhakrishnan
- Blogspot SeUploaded bysreenivasnkg
- CURSO BÁSICO DE MANEJO DE CUENCAS HIDROGRÁFICASUploaded byRolando Tomy Salas Lopez
- Cadernos de Engenharia de Estruturas 2010.pdfUploaded byArefKzam
- solucion numericaUploaded byCristhian Yupanqui Lazo
- GONÇALVESUploaded byEricOsowski
- Monte Carlo NPV 1000 Test Corrected FEB1711Uploaded bypolobook3782
- An Addendum to The Work of Kurt GödelUploaded byposeidonium
- CS Foundation Solved Scanner Paper-2BUploaded byBrijesh Kapuriya
- Accounting Rate of ReturnUploaded byDeep Debnath
- 12-02-0Basic Concepts of ThermodynamicsUploaded byAmit Pruseth
- UM18MB502 QM-1 Unit 1 Practice ProblemsUploaded bychandrika
- Guia Pre exaniUploaded byCesar Gibran Cadena Espinosa
- Nav SlidesUploaded byClaudio Fabiano
- nema 2 sdUploaded byJean Charles Garam
- 27325983-Hallmarks-of-Scientific-ResearchUploaded byWaqas Khan Yousafzai
- Communication in MathsUploaded byferrarinaks
- Plan de Unidad Temática- Matemática-Tercero de BachilleratoUploaded bycwph
- Uso de métodos meta analíticos en psicología clínica.pdfUploaded bygrauekatze
- 2Uploaded byrohan-jain-4962
- gmshUploaded byseventhhemanth
- Mock Test-1Uploaded byAditya Bansal
- T R E I N A M E N T O - apostila-rev02-2016.doc---+++Uploaded byselett0
- Tieu Chuan Uon 3D (790)Uploaded byvongoctu2016
- TALLER MUploaded byJulian Ayala Peña
- CUARTILESUploaded byMicky S QR
- LAB_01Uploaded byMidna IMontes
- numeracy egUploaded byapi-296858838