3-Speed Shift Sequence

Simpson Geartrain,

Tom Birch, 8/06

1

Simpson 3-Speed Transmissions
Transmissions that use a Simpson 3-speed geartrain include: DaimlerChrysler: 30RH, 36RH, & 30TH Ford: C4, C5, & C6 General Motors: 3L80/TH 400, 3T40/TH125, TH 200 & TH 350 JATCO: 3N71B Toyota: A40, A41, A131, & A132
Tom Birch, 8/06 2

8/06 3 .Neutral Rear Clutch Front Clutch Output Shaft with Ring Gear and Carrier Input Shaft. Tom Birch. from Torque Converter Both clutches are released so torque does not get to the planetary gearset.

Gearset Sun Gear & Shell Input/Front Ring Gear Front Portion Intermediate One-Way Clutch Output/Front Carrier Output/Rear Ring Gear One-Way Clutch Rear Portion Tom Birch. 8/06 Reaction/Rear Carrier 4 .

Carrier Ring Gear Drive Shell Carrier Ring Gear Band One-Way Clutch Output Shaft Park Gear & Governor Tom Birch. 8/06 5 .Gearset 2 Front/Output Front/Input Sun Gear & Rear/Reaction Rear/output Low.Rev.

8/06 6 . Tom Birch.Schematic. Gearset Front Ring Gear Torque Converter Rear Ring Gear Input Front Carrier Sun Gear Output Rear Carrier A schematic is the simplest way to show this Torqueflite transmission gear train and its control devices.

Control Devices High-Reverse Clutch Intermediate Band Low-Reverse Band One-Way Clutch Input Forward Clutch Output These are the control devices. 8/06 7 .Schematic. They are all released in neutral. Tom Birch.

Tom Birch. 8/06 8 .Hydraulics. Neutral The manual valve limits the paths where hydraulic pressure can flow.

Shift to Drive Moving the manual valve allows fluid pressure to flow to the 1-2 Shift Valve. Tom Birch. Rear Clutch. Governor. and Accumulator. 8/06 9 .

Tom Birch. Low Rear Clutch. Applied One-Way Clutch. 8/06 10 .5:1. Holding The rear clutch is applied and driving the front/input ring gear. The gearset is in a reduction ratio of 2.1st Gear. The one-way clutch is holding the reaction carrier from rotating counterclockwise.

Animation: PGS 3 Tom Birch. the front carrier becomes a reaction member. The rear planetary also produces a reverse reduction. and the two reverses make a forward reduction. 8/06 11 . and the front planetary produces a reverse reduction.Gearset Front Planetary Rear Planetary With the vehicle stopped.

8/06 12 . Tom Birch.Schematic. 1st One-Way Clutch Holding Forward/Rear Clutch Applied Input Reaction Output A simple view of the 1st gear power flow.

Governor Pressure When the vehicle moves. 8/06 13 . the governor (arrow) is spun by the output shaft. Tom Birch. This moves the governor weights. and generates fluid pressure in the governor passages (orange).

Tom Birch. 8/06 14 . This sends pressure to the front servo to apply the front/ intermediate band.Shift to 2nd Governor pressure has moved the 1-2 shift valve to upshift. The accumulator strokes to give a smooth shift.

2nd Gear. 8/06 15 . Applied Intermediate Band.5:1. The intermediate band is holding the sun gear from rotating . The gearset is in a reduction ratio of 1. Applied The rear clutch is applied and driving the front/input ring gear. Tom Birch. Intermediate Rear Clutch.

8/06 16 . and this drives the carrier at a reduced speed. Animation: PGS 3 Tom Birch.Gearset The rotating ring gear forces the planet gears to walk around the stationary sun gear.

Tom Birch. 2nd Intermediate Band Applied Forward/Rear Clutch Applied Input Reaction Output A simple view of the 2nd gear power flow.Schematic. 8/06 17 .

This sends pressure to the front clutch and to the front servo to release the band.Shift to 3rd Increased governor pressure has moved the 2-3 shift valve to upshift. 8/06 18 . Tom Birch.

Tom Birch. The gearset is locked up in a ratio of 1:1. Applied Rear Clutch. Applied The rear clutch is applied and driving the front/input ring gear.3rd Gear. High Front Clutch. The front clutch is driving the sun gear. 8/06 19 .

Gearset Driving both the ring and sun gears will lock the gearset in direct drive. Animation: PGS 7 Tom Birch. 8/06 20 . a 1:1 ratio.

Tom Birch.Schematic. 8/06 21 . 3rd Rear/High-Reverse Clutch Applied Forward/Rear Clutch Applied Input Reaction Output A simple view of the 3rd gear power flow.

Shift to Reverse Moving the manual valve to reverse allows fluid pressure to flow to the rear servo to apply the rear band and to the front clutch. 8/06 22 . Tom Birch.

8/06 23 . Tom Birch. Applied The front clutch is driving the sun gear. The gearset is in a reverse ratio of 2.20:1. Applied Front Clutch.Reverse Rear Band. The rear band is holding the reaction carrier from rotating.

Animation: PGS 2 Tom Birch.Gearset The rotating sun gear forces the planet gears to turn the ring gear in a reverse reduction ratio. 8/06 24 .

Schematic. 8/06 25 . Reverse Rear/High-Reverse Clutch Applied Low-Reverse Band Applied A simple view of the reverse gear power flow. Input Reaction Output Tom Birch.

8/06 26 . Tom Birch.Variations Center Support/ Input Drum Clutch Housing Low Roller Clutch Output Ring Gear Output Shaft Sun Gear Low & Reverse Clutch Reaction Carrier Some transmissions like the THM 200 use a Low & Reverse clutch to hold the reaction carrier in reverse and manual 1.

Variations 2 Intermediate Clutch Plates Intermediate One-Way Clutch Direct Clutch Drum Intermediate Band Race Some transmissions like the THM 350 uses an intermediate clutch and one-way clutch to hold the sun gear in 2nd gear. 8/06 27 . Tom Birch. The intermediate band is used in Manual 2nd.

8/06 28 .Variations 3 Low OneSun Gear Way Clutch Band Shaft Sun Gear Main Shaft Input Ring Output Shaft Gear Reaction Carrier Ring Gear/ Output Carrier The THM 400 has the gearset turned end-for-end so the output ring gear/carrier is connected directly to the output shaft. Tom Birch.

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