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Grade 6

Kelly Mangan

October 6, 2010

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Probability! Assessment!

ThE eNd

Reference Slide

The mathematics of chance

Tells us HOW OFTEN we can expect an event to occur

What is PROBABILITY?

Can be written as: fraction, decimal, percent or ratio

Definitions:

o Experiment: making an observation or taking a measurement o Outcome: one of the possible things that can occur as a result of an experiment o Sample space: all the possible outcomes of an event

Experiment: Tossing a coin

Sample Space Heads Tails

So what does this mean?

**Experiment: Tossing a Coin
**

There are TWO possible outcomes in the experiment of tossing ONE coin y The two possible outcomes are heads or tails y These two outcomes are

y y

Two outcomes are equally likely if they occur equally as often

Examples:

Since there are two possible outcomes to tossing one coin, then the probability of getting a heads would be: ½ or .5 y What is the probability of the spinner landing on red in the spinner below? y The answer is: 1/3!

y

Green Red Blue

Practice Work

y

y

**Go to coin tossing link
**

http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_305_g_3_t_5.html?from=category_g_3_t _5.html

Play with game a couple of times and see what interesting facts you notice! y After you have played with the tossing coin game, return to the main menu and try out the assessment!

y

**What is the probability of gettting tails when tossing a fair coin ?
**

a) b) c) d) 1/4 1/2 2/3 2/5

For an experiment of drawing a card from a standard deck of playing cards, what is the probability of getting a diamond?

a) b) c) d)

1/4 12/52 1/3 2/5

**What is sample space?
**

a) b) c) d)

The act of observing an experiment One possible outcome All the possible outcomes The study of chance

**True or false: The outcomes to rolling a 6 sided die are all equally likely
**

True y False

y

**True or False: All probability deals with equally likely outcomes.
**

True y False

y

CORRECT! GOOD JOB!

Incorrect

Try Again!

Reference Slide

y

y

**http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_305_g_3_t_5.html
**

Musser, Gary, William F. Burger, and Blake E. Peterson. Mathematics for Elementary Teachers: A Contemporary Approach. 8th ed. Jefferson City: John Wiley & Sons, 2008. Print.

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