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# Math: What is probability?

Kelly Mangan

October 6, 2010

Probability! Assessment!

ThE eNd

Reference Slide

The mathematics of chance

Tells us HOW OFTEN we can expect an event to occur

What is PROBABILITY?

Can be written as: fraction, decimal, percent or ratio

Definitions:
o Experiment: making an observation or taking a measurement o Outcome: one of the possible things that can occur as a result of an experiment o Sample space: all the possible outcomes of an event

Experiment: Tossing a coin

So what does this mean?

Experiment: Tossing a Coin
There are TWO possible outcomes in the experiment of tossing ONE coin y The two possible outcomes are heads or tails y These two outcomes are
y y

Two outcomes are equally likely if they occur equally as often

Examples:
Since there are two possible outcomes to tossing one coin, then the probability of getting a heads would be: ½ or .5 y What is the probability of the spinner landing on red in the spinner below? y The answer is: 1/3!
y
Green Red Blue

Practice Work
y
y

http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_305_g_3_t_5.html?from=category_g_3_t _5.html

Play with game a couple of times and see what interesting facts you notice! y After you have played with the tossing coin game, return to the main menu and try out the assessment!
y

What is the probability of gettting tails when tossing a fair coin ?
a) b) c) d) 1/4 1/2 2/3 2/5

For an experiment of drawing a card from a standard deck of playing cards, what is the probability of getting a diamond?
a) b) c) d)

1/4 12/52 1/3 2/5

What is sample space?
a) b) c) d)

The act of observing an experiment One possible outcome All the possible outcomes The study of chance

True or false: The outcomes to rolling a 6 sided die are all equally likely
True y False
y

True or False: All probability deals with equally likely outcomes.
True y False
y

CORRECT! GOOD JOB!

Incorrect

Try Again!

Reference Slide
y
y

http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_305_g_3_t_5.html
Musser, Gary, William F. Burger, and Blake E. Peterson. Mathematics for Elementary Teachers: A Contemporary Approach. 8th ed. Jefferson City: John Wiley & Sons, 2008. Print.