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Chapter 4

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Managing Project Processes
To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

Activity Relationships
Activity Relationship

AOA

AON

Figure 4.1
To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

Activity Relationships
Activity Relationship
S precedes T, which precedes U.

AOA
S 1 2 T 3 U 4 S

AON

T

U

Figure 4.1
To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

. Inc.Activity Relationships Activity Relationship S and T must be completed before U can be started. All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. AOA 1 S U T 2 3 4 AON S U T Figure 4.

. All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. AOA T 2 U 4 3 S AON T S 1 U Figure 4.Activity Relationships Activity Relationship T and U cannot begin until S has been completed.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc. . All rights reserved.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.Activity Relationships Activity Relationship U and V cannot begin until both S and T have been completed. AOA 1 T 2 S 3 U V 5 T 4 S AON U V Figure 4.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.Activity Relationships Activity Relationship U cannot begin until both S and T have been completed. Inc. AOA S 1 T 2 3 U 5 S AON U Dummy V 4 6 T V Figure 4. V cannot begin until T has been completed. .1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.

All rights reserved. Inc. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. AOA 1 S 2 T 4 U 3 V 5 S AON T V Dummy U Figure 4. .Activity Relationships Activity Relationship T and U cannot begin until S has been completed.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. V cannot begin until both T and U have been completed.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.St. . Inc. Adolf’s Hospital To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.

Inc. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Adolf’s Hospital Activity Description Immediate Predecessor(s) ASelect administrative and medical staff. KTrain nurses and support staff. support staff. DPrepare final construction plans and layout. and security. CSelect equipment. Example 4. All rights reserved. BSelect site and do site survey.St. HConstruct the hospital. . GPurchase and take delivery of equipment. J Install the equipment. F Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. E Bring utilities to the site. maintenance. I Develop an information system.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.

J Example 4.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. — CSelect equipment. KTrain nurses and support staff. A C D A E. A DPrepare final construction plans and layout.St. Adolf’s Hospital Activity Description Immediate Predecessor(s) ASelect administrative and medical staff. support staff. I Develop an information system.G. . GPurchase and take delivery of equipment.I. Inc.H F. — BSelect site and do site survey. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. B E Bring utilities to the site. maintenance. All rights reserved. J Install the equipment. HConstruct the hospital. B F Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. and security.

C equipment. D Prepare final construction plans and layout. F Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. . maintenance. B site and do site survey. All rights reserved.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. E utilities to the site. and security. support staff. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON A administrative and medical staff.St.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. . support staff. C equipment. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON A administrative and medical staff.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. A B site and do site survey. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. F Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. E utilities to the site. All rights reserved. Start D Prepare final construction plans and layout. maintenance.St. and security. Inc.

G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4.St. Inc. E B utilities to the site.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. maintenance. Start D Prepare final construction plans and layout. F Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON A administrative and medical staff. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. A B site and do site survey. and security. All rights reserved. C equipment. . support staff.

and security. E B utilities to the site. Start C D Prepare final construction plans and layout. A B site and do site survey. C equipment. support staff. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.St. maintenance.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. F Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON A administrative and medical staff. Inc. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. . All rights reserved.

E D B utilities to the site. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. All rights reserved. . Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON A administrative and medical staff. C equipment. Start C D Prepare final construction plans and layout. F Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. maintenance. support staff. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. A B site and do site survey. and security.

St. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. F Interview applicantsEand fill positions in nursing. All rights reserved. . Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON A administrative and medical staff. A B site and do site survey.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. and security. Inc. Start C D Prepare final construction plans and layout. C equipment. maintenance. support staff. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. E D B utilities to the site.

and security. All rights reserved. E D B utilities to the site. F Interview applicantsEand fill positions in nursing. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. A F B site and do site survey. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. Start C D Prepare final construction plans and layout. . maintenance. C equipment. support staff. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON A administrative and medical staff.

Start C G D Prepare final construction plans and layout. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.St.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. C equipment. and security. E D B utilities to the site. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON A administrative and medical staff. . F Interview applicantsEand fill positions in nursing. Inc. support staff. maintenance. A F B site and do site survey.

All rights reserved. E D B H utilities to the site. Start C G D Prepare final construction plans and layout. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON A administrative and medical staff. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. maintenance. Inc. F Interview applicantsEand fill positions in nursing. A F B site and do site survey. and security. support staff.St. .1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. C equipment.

Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON I A administrative and medical staff. C equipment. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. Inc. . support staff. F Interview applicantsEand fill positions in nursing. E D B H utilities to the site. and security. All rights reserved.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. A F B site and do site survey. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.St. Start C G D Prepare final construction plans and layout. maintenance.

and security. support staff. F Interview applicantsEand fill positions in nursing. Start C G D Prepare final construction plans and layout.St. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. . maintenance. All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON I A administrative and medical staff. C equipment. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. A F B site and do site survey.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc. E D B H J utilities to the site.

E D B H J utilities to the site. All rights reserved. maintenance. F Interview applicantsEand fill positions in nursing. support staff. A F K B site and do site survey. and security. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Start C G D Prepare final construction plans and layout. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. C equipment. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON I A administrative and medical staff.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc. .St.

C equipment. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AON I A administrative and medical staff. . maintenance. E D B H J utilities to the site. Inc.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Figure 4. Start Finish C G D Prepare final construction plans and layout.2 Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B support staff.St. G A Example 4. All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. A F K B site and do site survey. F Interview applicantsEand fill positions in nursing. and security.

G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. E utilities to the site. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AOA A administrative and medical staff. support staff.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc. D Prepare final construction plans and layout. . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. F Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. B site and do site survey. C equipment. maintenance.St. All rights reserved. and security.

St. Adolf’s Hospital
ActivityNetwork Description AOA A 2 administrative and medical staff. B site and A site survey. do C equipment. Start 1 D Prepare final construction plans and layout. E utilities to the site. F Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing, support staff, maintenance, and security. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B

A Example 4.1

To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

St. Adolf’s Hospital
ActivityNetwork Description AOA A 2 administrative and medical staff. B site and A site survey. do C equipment. Start 1 D Prepare final construction plans and layout. E B utilities to the site. F 4 Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing, support staff, maintenance, and security. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B

A Example 4.1

To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

St. Adolf’s Hospital
ActivityNetwork Description AOA A 2 administrative and medical staff. C B site and A site survey. do 3 C equipment. Start 1 D Prepare final construction plans and layout. 5 E B utilities to the site. D F 4 Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing, support staff, maintenance, and security. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B

A Example 4.1

To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

. Inc. 5 E B E utilities to the site. maintenance. Start 1 D H Prepare final construction6 plans and layout. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AOA F A 8 2 administrative and Imedical staff.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. do 3 7 C G equipment. C B site and A site survey. D F 4 Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. support staff.St. and security.

and security. D F 4 Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. maintenance. support staff.St. 5 E B E utilities to the site. Inc. do 3 7 J C G equipment. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AOA F A 8 2 administrative and Imedical staff. All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Start 1 D H Prepare final construction6 plans and layout. .1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. C B site and A site survey.

maintenance.St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. support staff.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. D F 4 Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A Example 4. Inc. All rights reserved. Start 1 D H Prepare final construction6 plans and layout. do 3 7 J C G equipment. . Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AOA F A 8 2 administrative and Imedical staff. 5 E B E utilities to the site. and security. Dummy C B site and A site survey.

Start Finish 1 D 9 H Prepare final construction6 plans and layout. .St. and security. 5 E B E utilities to the site. Adolf’s Hospital ActivityNetwork Description AOA F A 8 2 administrative and Imedical staff. maintenance. D F 4 Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing.3 Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B support staff. G A Example 4. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc. Dummy C B K A site and do site survey. All rights reserved.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Figure 4. 3 7 J C G equipment.

All rights reserved. C equipment. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.St. F Interview applicants and fill positions in nursing. . support staff. B site and do site survey. E utilities to the site. maintenance. and security. D Prepare final construction plans and layout. Inc. G Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B A To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Adolf’s Hospital Activity Completion Time Description A administrative and medical staff.

C C G equipment. Inc. A F K B 12 10 6 site and do site survey. B D H J E 9 10 40 4 utilities to the site. maintenance. Start Finish 10 35 D Prepare final construction plans and layout. G A To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. . and security. F Interview applicants E and fill positions in nursing.4 24 Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B support staff.St. Adolf’s Hospital Activity I Completion Time Description 15 A administrative and medical staff. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Figure 4.

24 Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B support staff. F Interview applicants E and fill positions in nursing. All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital Activity I Completion Time Description 15 A administrative and medical staff. C C G equipment. A F K B 12 10 6 site and do site survey. . B D H J E 9 10 40 4 utilities to the site. and security. Inc. maintenance. Start Finish 10 35 D Prepare final construction plans and layout. G A To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.St.

G A To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. C C G equipment. Inc. B D H J E 9 10 40 4 utilities to the site. . All rights reserved. Start Finish 10 35 D Prepare final construction plans and layout. Adolf’s Hospital Activity I Completion Time Description 15 A administrative and medical staff. 24 Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B support staff. F Interview applicants E and fill positions in nursing. and security. A F K B 12 10 6 site and do site survey. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. maintenance.

24 Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B support staff. . Start Finish 10 35 D Prepare final construction plans and layout. All rights reserved. C C G equipment. Inc. Adolf’s Hospital Activity I Completion Time Description 15 A administrative and medical staff. A F K B 12 10 6 site and do site survey. maintenance. F Interview applicants E and fill positions in nursing.St. G A To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. and security. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. B D H J E 9 10 40 4 utilities to the site.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. maintenance. .St. G A To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. and security. Adolf’s Hospital Activity I Completion Time Description 15 A administrative and medical staff. All rights reserved. F Interview applicants E and fill positions in nursing. C C G equipment. A F K B 12 10 6 site and do site survey. Inc. B D H J E 9 10 40 4 utilities to the site. 24 Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B support staff. Start Finish 10 35 D Prepare final construction plans and layout.

and security. maintenance. G A To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. . B D H J E 9 10 40 4 utilities to the site. F Interview applicants E and fill positions in nursing. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.St. All rights reserved. C C G equipment. Adolf’s Hospital Activity I Completion Time Description 15 A administrative and medical staff. Inc. 24 Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B support staff. Start Finish 10 35 D Prepare final construction plans and layout. A F K B 12 10 6 site and do site survey.

Start Finish 10 35 D Prepare final construction plans and layout. G A To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. B D H J E 9 10 40 4 utilities to the site. 43 C C G equipment. All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. and security. maintenance.St. F Interview applicants E and fill positions in nursing. Inc. A-C-G-J-K 67A F K B 12 10 6 B-D-H-J-K 69 B-E-J-K site and do site survey. 24 Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B support staff. . Adolf’s Hospital Path Expected Time (wks) Activity I Completion Time Description A-F-K 28 15 A-I-K A 33 administrative and medical staff.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Start Finish 10 35 D Prepare final construction plans and layout. B D H J E 9 10 40 4 utilities to the site. G A To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. F Interview applicants E and fill positions in nursing.St. Adolf’s Hospital Path Expected Time (wks) Activity I Completion Time Description A-F-K 28 15 A-I-K A 33 administrative and medical staff. maintenance. and security. All rights reserved. A-C-G-J-K 67A F K B 12 10 6 B-D-H-J-K 69 B-E-J-K site and do site survey. 43 C C G equipment. Inc. 24 Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B support staff. .

24 Immediate Predecessor(s) Select — Select — Select A B Bring B support staff. and security. B D H J E 9 10 40 4 utilities to the site. G A To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc. 43 C C G equipment. Start Finish 10 35 D Prepare final construction plans and layout. A-C-G-J-K 67A F K B 12 10 6 B-D-H-J-K 69 B-E-J-K site and do site survey. All rights reserved.St. . maintenance. Adolf’s Hospital Path Expected Time (wks) Activity I Completion Time Description A-F-K 28 15 A-I-K A 33 administrative and medical staff. F Interview applicants E and fill positions in nursing. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

Adolf’s Hospital Figure 4.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. . Inc. All rights reserved.St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

Adolf’s Hospital To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. . All rights reserved. Inc.St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital I 15 A 12 F 10 C 10 B 9 Earliest Start and Earliest Finish Times D 10 G 35 H 40 J 4 K 6 Start Finish E 24 Example 4. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.2 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. .St. Inc.

2 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. .St. All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital I Earliest start time 0 15 A 12 F 10 C 10 B D 10 G 35 H 40 J 4 K 6 Start Finish 9 Earliest Start and Earliest Finish Times E 24 Example 4. Inc.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Adolf’s Hospital I Earliest start time 0 15 A 12 12 F 10 C 10 B D 10 Earliest finish time K 6 G 35 H 40 J 4 Start Finish 9 Earliest Start and Earliest Finish Times E 24 Example 4.2 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. All rights reserved. . Inc.

2 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc.St. . All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital I 15 A 12 12 F 10 C 10 B 9 D 10 G 35 H 40 J 4 K 6 0 Start Finish 0 9 Earliest Start and Earliest Finish Times E 24 Example 4. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. .St. Inc. Adolf’s Hospital I 15 A 12 12 F 10 C 10 B 9 D 19 10 G 35 H 40 J 4 K 6 0 Start Finish 0 9 9 Earliest Start and Earliest Finish Times 9 E 33 24 Example 4. All rights reserved.2 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.

Adolf’s Hospital 12 I 27 15 A 12 12 F 22 10 C 22 10 B 9 D 19 10 G 35 H 40 J 4 K 6 0 12 Start 12 Finish 0 9 9 Earliest Start and Earliest Finish Times 9 E 33 24 Example 4. All rights reserved.2 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc.St. . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

.St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital 12 I 27 15 A 12 12 F 22 10 C 22 10 B 9 D 19 10 G 35 H 59 40 J 4 K 6 0 12 Start 12 Finish 0 9 19 9 Earliest Start and Earliest Finish Times 9 E 33 24 Example 4.2 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc.

. Adolf’s Hospital 12 I 27 15 A 12 12 F 22 10 C 22 10 B 9 D 19 10 G 57 35 H 59 40 J 4 K 6 0 12 Start 12 22 Finish 0 9 19 9 Earliest Start and Earliest Finish Times 9 E 33 24 Example 4. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.St. All rights reserved. Inc.2 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.

All rights reserved.2 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. Inc. Adolf’s Hospital 12 I 27 15 A 12 12 F 22 10 C 22 10 B 9 D 19 10 G 57 35 H 59 40 J 63 4 K 6 0 12 Start 12 22 Finish 0 9 19 59 9 Earliest Start and Earliest Finish Times 9 E 33 24 Example 4. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. .

All rights reserved. . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc.6 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. Adolf’s Hospital Earliest start time 12 I 27 15 Earliest finish time 0 A 12 12 12 F 22 10 C 22 10 D 19 10 G 57 35 H 59 40 63 K 69 6 Start 12 22 Critical path 0 Finish B 9 9 19 59 J 63 4 9 Earliest Start and Earliest Finish Times 9 E 33 24 Figure 4.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. . Adolf’s Hospital 12 I 27 15 A 12 12 F 22 10 C 22 10 B 9 D 19 10 G 57 35 H 59 40 J 63 4 63 K 69 0 12 6 Start 12 22 Finish 0 9 19 59 9 Latest Start and Latest Finish Times 9 E 33 24 Example 4. Inc.3 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. All rights reserved.

Adolf’s Hospital 12 I 27 15 A 12 12 F 22 10 C 22 10 B 9 D 19 10 G 57 35 H 59 40 J 63 4 63 K 69 63 69 0 12 6 Latest finish time Finish Start 12 22 0 9 19 59 9 Latest Start and Latest Finish Times 9 E 33 24 Example 4. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.3 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. .St. Inc. All rights reserved.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc. .St.3 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Adolf’s Hospital 12 I 27 15 A 12 12 F 22 10 C 22 10 B 9 D 19 10 63 K 69 63 69 0 12 Latest start time 22 6 Start 12 G 57 35 H 59 40 J 63 4 Latest finish time Finish 0 9 19 59 9 Latest Start and Latest Finish Times 9 E 33 24 Example 4. All rights reserved.

.3 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Adolf’s Hospital 12 27 48 15 63 I 0 A 12 12 12 22 53 10 63 F 63 K 69 63 69 6 Start 12 C 22 10 22 G 57 35 H 59 40 J Finish 0 B 9 9 D 19 10 19 9 Latest Start and Latest Finish Times 59 63 59 4 63 9 E 33 24 Example 4.St. Inc.

. Inc.St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.3 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Adolf’s Hospital 12 27 48 15 63 I 0 A 12 12 12 22 53 10 63 F 63 K 69 63 69 6 Start 12 C 22 10 22 57 24 35 59 G Finish 0 B 9 9 D 19 10 9 Latest Start and Latest Finish Times 19 59 19 40 59 H 59 63 59 4 63 J 9 E 33 35 24 59 Example 4.

3 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Adolf’s Hospital 12 27 48 15 63 I 0 A 12 12 12 22 53 10 63 F 63 K 69 63 69 6 Start 12 22 14 10 24 C 22 57 24 35 59 G Finish 0 B 9 9 Latest Start and Latest Finish Times 9 19 9 10 19 D 19 59 19 40 59 H 59 63 59 4 63 J 9 E 33 35 24 59 Example 4. Inc.St. . All rights reserved.

St. All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital Earliest start time Latest start time 0 12 2 12 14 12 27 48 15 63 I Earliest finish time Latest finish time 63 K 69 63 69 A 12 22 53 10 63 F 6 Start Critical path 0 0 12 22 14 10 24 C 22 57 24 35 59 G Finish B 9 9 9 Latest Start and Latest Finish Times 9 19 9 10 19 D 19 59 19 40 59 H 59 63 59 4 63 J 9 E 33 35 24 59 Figure 4. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. . Inc.7 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.

Inc.St. Adolf’s Hospital Gantt charts To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. All rights reserved. . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

Adolf’s Hospital Gantt Charts Figure 4.St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc. . All rights reserved.8 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.

Adolf’s Hospital 12 27 48 15 63 I 0 12 2 12 14 A 12 22 53 10 63 F 63 K 69 63 69 6 Start 12 22 14 10 24 C 22 57 24 35 59 G Finish 0 0 B 9 9 9 9 19 9 10 19 D 19 59 19 40 59 H 59 63 59 4 63 J Activity Slack Analysis 9 E 33 35 24 59 Example 4.St. All rights reserved. . Inc. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.4 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.

.St. Activity Slack Hospital Adolf’s 12 27 48 15 63 I 0 12 2 12 14 A 12 22 53 10 63 F 63 K 69 63 69 6 Start 12 22 14 10 24 C 22 57 24 35 59 G Finish 0 0 B 9 9 9 9 19 9 10 19 D 19 59 19 40 59 H 59 63 59 4 63 J Activity Slack Analysis 9 E 33 35 24 59 Example 4.4 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc. All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

St. Activity Slack Hospital Adolf’s
Slack = LS – ES or Slack = LF – EF
Start

12 27 48 15 63

I

0 12 2 12 14

A

12 22 53 10 63

F

63 K 69 63 69

6

12 22 14 10 24

C

22 57 24 35 59

G

Finish

0 0

B 9 9 9

9 19 9 10 19

D

19 59 19 40 59

H

59 63 59 4 63

J

Activity Slack Analysis

9 E 33 35 24 59

Example 4.4

To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

St. Activity Slack Hospital Adolf’s
SlackK = 63 – 63 or SlackK = 69 – 69
Start

12 27 48 15 63

I

0 12 2 12 14

A

12 22 53 10 63

F

63 K 69 63 69

6

12 22 14 10 24

C

22 57 24 35 59

G

Finish

0 0

B 9 9 9

9 19 9 10 19

D

19 59 19 40 59

H

59 63 59 4 63

J

Activity Slack Analysis

9 E 33 35 24 59

Example 4.4

To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

St. Activity Slack Hospital Adolf’s
SlackK = 0 or SlackK = 0
Start

12 27 48 15 63

I

0 12 2 12 14

A

12 22 53 10 63

F

63 K 69 63 69

6

12 22 14 10 24

C

22 57 24 35 59

G

Finish

0 0

B 9 9 9

9 19 9 10 19

D

19 59 19 40 59

H

59 63 59 4 63

J

Activity Slack Analysis

9 E 33 35 24 59

Example 4.4

To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Adolf’s Hospital 12 27 48 15 63 I 0 12 2 12 14 A 12 22 53 10 63 F 63 K 69 63 69 6 Start 12 22 14 10 24 C 22 57 24 35 59 G Finish 0 0 B 9 9 9 9 19 9 10 19 D 19 59 19 40 59 H 59 63 59 4 63 J Activity Slack Analysis 9 E 33 35 24 59 Example 4. All rights reserved.4 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc.St.

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Adolf’s Hospital A 12 0 2 2 0 12 9 9 12 22 19 12 59 Start 63 0 14 9 35 53 24 19 48 59 63 0 2 0 26 A 12 0 41 2 12 14 2 0 36 0 0 B 9 9 9 12 27 48 15 63 LS Slack I 12 22 53 10 63 F 63 K 69 63 69 6 12 22 14 10 24 C 22 57 24 35 59 G Finish 0 0 9 19 9 10 19 D 19 59 19 40 59 H 59 63 59 4 63 J Activity Slack Analysis 9 E 33 35 24 59 Example 4.4 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. .Node Duration ES B C D E F G H I J K 9 10 10 24 10 35 40 15 4 6 St. Inc.

.Node Duration ES B C D E F G H I J K 9 10 10 24 10 35 40 15 4 6 St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Adolf’s Hospital A 12 0 2 2 0 12 9 9 12 22 19 12 59 63 0 14 9 35 53 24 19 48 59 63 0 2 0 26 41 2 0 36 0 0 12 27 48 15 63 LS Slack I 12 22 53 10 63 F 63 K 69 63 69 6 12 22 14 10 24 C 22 57 24 35 59 G Finish 0 0 B 9 9 9 9 19 9 10 19 D 19 59 19 40 59 H 59 63 59 4 63 J Critical Path 9 E 33 35 24 59 Example 4. All rights reserved. Inc.4 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. . Adolf’s Hospital 12 27 48 15 63 I 0 12 2 12 14 A 12 22 53 10 63 F 63 K 69 63 69 6 Start 12 22 14 10 24 C 22 57 24 35 59 G Finish 0 0 B 9 9 9 9 19 9 10 19 D 19 59 19 40 59 H 59 63 59 4 63 J Critical Path 9 E 33 35 24 59 Example 4.4 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. Inc. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved.St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Adolf’s Hospital To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc. .

9 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Inc. Adolf’s Hospital Activity Slack Figure 4.St.

Adolf’s Hospital To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc. .

St. . All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc.10 Direct cost (dollars) | 6 | 7 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 Time (weeks) To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Adolf’s Hospital Cost-Time Relationships in Cost Analysis 8000 — 7000 — 6000 — 5000 — 4000 — 3000 — 0— | 5 Figure 4.

Inc. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.10 Direct cost (dollars) Crash cost (CC) Normal cost (NC) | 6 | 7 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 (Crash time) (Normal time) Time (weeks) To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Adolf’s Hospital Cost-Time Relationships in Cost Analysis 8000 — 7000 — 6000 — 5000 — 4000 — 3000 — 0— | 5 Figure 4. .St. All rights reserved.

Inc.10 Direct cost (dollars) Crash cost (CC) Linear cost assumption Normal cost (NC) | 6 | 7 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 (Crash time) (Normal time) Time (weeks) To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. . All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital Cost-Time Relationships in Cost Analysis 8000 — 7000 — 6000 — 5000 — 4000 — 3000 — 0— | 5 Figure 4.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. from 10 weeks to 8 weeks Normal cost (NC) | 6 | 7 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 (Crash time) (Normal time) Time (weeks) To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. All rights reserved.10 Direct cost (dollars) Crash cost (CC) Linear cost assumption Estimated costs for a 2-week reduction. Adolf’s Hospital Cost-Time Relationships in Cost Analysis 8000 — 7000 — 6000 — 5000 5200 — 4000 — 3000 — 0— | 5 Figure 4. Inc. .

Inc. . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St.

000 40. Maximum Time Reduction (wk) 1 2 5 2 10 4 10 5 5 2 1 Cost of Crashing per Week $ 1.000 Crash Time (CT) 11 7 5 8 14 6 25 35 10 1 5 Crash Cost (CC) $ 13.000 10.000 16.000 1.000 52.000 530.200.000 12.000 $1.000 Table 4.000 500.000 .500 3.000 600 2.000 16.209.000 30.000 7.000 50.000 2.992.000 1.000 20.000 200.000 64.St.000 $2.500 13.1 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000 1. All rights reserved.260.000 4. Adolf’s Hospital Activity A B C D E F G H I J K Normal Time (NT) 12 9 10 10 24 10 35 40 15 4 6 Totals Normal Cost (NC) $ 12.000 34.000 8.500 1.000 120.000 4.000 7.000 10. Inc.

St. Adolf’s Hospital To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc. All rights reserved. .

5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000/week Penalty cost = $20. Inc.St. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2.000 Indirect costs = $8. All rights reserved. .624.000/week after week 65 Example 4.

. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2. Inc.000 Indirect costs = $8.000/week Penalty cost = $20.000/week after week 65 Example 4.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.624. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.St.

Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2.000 Indirect costs = $8. Inc.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. All rights reserved.000/week Example 4. .624.000/week Penalty cost = $20.000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 69 weeks Crash Activity J by 3 weeks @ $1. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. .000/week Penalty cost = $20.000) = $81.000 Example 4.000/week 3($28.624. Inc. All rights reserved.000 Indirect costs = $8.St. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.000) – 3($1.000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 69 weeks Crash Activity J by 3 weeks @ $1.

Inc.000 = $2.000 Example 4.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.000/week Penalty cost = $20. All rights reserved.000) = $81.624.624.000 – $81.000 $2. .St.000) – 3($1.000 Indirect costs = $8.000/week 3($28. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2.543. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 66 weeks Crash Activity J by 3 weeks @ $1.

543.624. All rights reserved.000 Example 4.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.624.000 = $2.St.000 $2.000 Indirect costs = $8.000 $2.543.000 – $81. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2. Inc.000) = $81.000) – 3($1.000/week 3($28. . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000/week Penalty cost = $20.000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 66 weeks Crash Activity J by 3 weeks @ $1.

000 $2.St.000) – 3($1.000 C G Start Finish 10 35 Indirect costs = $8.543.000 $2. Inc.543.000 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.624.000) = $81. All rights reserved. B 9 B-D-H-J-K: H D 10 weeks 40 E 24 J 1 .000 = $2. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks A 12 I 15 B-D-H-J-K: F B-E-J-K: 10 69 weeks K 43 weeks 6 Total cost = $2.624.000 – $81. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000/week after week 65 Critical Path 69 Crash Activity J by 3 weeks @ $1.000/week 3($28.000/week Penalty cost = $20.

Inc. B 9 D 10 H 40 J 1 E 24 . All rights reserved.000 $2.St.000 – $81.000) – 3($1.000 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.543. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks A 28 weeks 12 67 weeks I 15 F 10 B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks K weeks 43 6 Total cost = $2.000/week 3($28.000/week Penalty cost = $20.000 = $2.624. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 69 weeks Crash Activity J by 3 weeks @ $1.000 C G Start Finish 10 35 Indirect costs = $8.624.543.000) = $81.000 $2.

000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 66 weeks Crash Activity D by 2 weeks @ $2.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.000/week Penalty cost = $20.624.000 Indirect costs = $8. . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2. All rights reserved.000 $2. Inc.543.000/week Example 4.St.

000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 66 weeks Crash Activity D by 2 weeks @ $2.000 Indirect costs = $8. . Inc.000 $2. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000 + $8.543.000 = $2.511.000/week $28.St.000 Example 4.624. All rights reserved.000/week Penalty cost = $20. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2.000 $2.000) = $32.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.543.000 – 2($2.000 – $32.

000) = $32.000 – $32.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.543.000 = $2.000 $2. Inc.000 Example 4.511.000 – 2($2.624. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. . Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2.St. All rights reserved.000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 64 weeks Crash Activity D by 2 weeks @ $2.000/week $28.511.000 Indirect costs = $8.000/week Penalty cost = $20.000 $2.000 + $8.

511. B 9 B-D-H-J-K: H D 10 weeks 40 E 24 J 1 .000/week $28. Inc.000 = $2.000 – 2($2.000/week Penalty cost = $20. All rights reserved.000 C $2. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks A 67 weeks 12 I 15 10 B-D-H-J-K: F B-E-J-K: 69 weeks K 43 weeks 6 Total cost = $2.000 + $8.000) = $32.000/week after week 65 Critical Path 69 Crash Activity D by 2 weeks @ $2.543.000 – $32. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.624.St.000 G Start Finish 10 35 Indirect costs = $8.511.000 $2.

000 – $32. Inc.624. All rights reserved.000/week $28.000 = $2.000) = $32.000 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.000 G Start Finish 10 35 Indirect costs = $8.000 – 2($2.000 + $8.000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 69 weeks Crash Activity D by 2 weeks @ $2.St.511.000 C $2. B 9 D 8 H 40 J 1 E 24 .000/week Penalty cost = $20.511.543. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000 $2. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks A 67 weeks12 I 15 10 B-D-H-J-K: F B-E-J-K: 69 weeks K 43 weeks 6 Total cost = $2.

624. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2. .000/week Penalty cost = $20. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.511.St.000/week Example 4.000 Indirect costs = $8.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc.000 $2.000/week after week 65 Critical Paths B-D-H-J-K and A-C-G-J-K: 64 weeks Crash Activity K by 1 week @ $4.

000/week Penalty cost = $20.000 – $4.000/week after week 65 Critical Paths B-D-H-J-K and A-C-G-J-K: 64 weeks Crash Activity K by 1 week @ $4. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2.000 – $4.000/week $8.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.000 Indirect costs = $8. All rights reserved. .000 = $4.507. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.511.511.St.000 $2.000 Example 4.000 $2.000 = $2.624. Inc.

000/week after week 65 Critical Paths B-D-H-J-K and A-C-G-J-K: 63 weeks Crash Activity K by 1 week @ $4.000 $2.507. Inc. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000 = $2.000 = $4.000 Indirect costs = $8.507.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St.511.000 – $4.000 Example 4.000 – $4.000/week $8. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2. All rights reserved.000 $2. .000/week Penalty cost = $20.624.

000/week $28.511. B 9 D 8 H 40 J 1 E 24 .000) = $32. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000 $2.St.000 – $32.000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 69 weeks Crash Activity D by 2 weeks @ $2.000 – 2($2. All rights reserved.000 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.000 = $2. Inc. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks A 67 weeks12 I 15 10 B-D-H-J-K: F B-E-J-K: 69 weeks K 43 weeks 6 Total cost = $2.000/week Penalty cost = $20.000 C $2.511.624.000 + $8.000 G Start Finish 10 35 Indirect costs = $8.543.

000 = $2.000 G Start Finish 10 35 Indirect costs = $8. B 9 D 8 H 40 J 1 E 24 .000 – $32.000/week $28.511.000 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.000 C $2.624.St. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks A 67 weeks12 I 15 10 B-D-H-J-K: F B-E-J-K: 69 weeks K 43 weeks 5 Total cost = $2. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.000/week Penalty cost = $20. Inc.000) = $32.543.000 – 2($2.511.000 + $8.000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 69 weeks Crash Activity D by 2 weeks @ $2.000 $2.

000/week and $600/week Example 4. .000/week Penalty cost = $20.624. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2. All rights reserved. Inc.000 Indirect costs = $8.000/week after week 65 Critical Paths B-D-H-J-K and A-C-G-J-K: 63 weeks Crash Activities B and C by 2 weeks @ $7.000 $2.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.507. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.St.

.507. Inc.600) = $800 $2.000 $2.St.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.000) – 2($7.000/week and $600/week 2($8.200 Example 4.000 Indirect costs = $8. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2.000/week after week 65 Critical Paths B-D-H-J-K and A-C-G-J-K: 63 weeks Crash Activities B and C by 2 weeks @ $7. All rights reserved.000 – $800 = $2.624.507.506. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000/week Penalty cost = $20.

000/week and $600/week 2($8.506.St.506. . Inc.507.200 Example 4. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum-Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks 67 weeks B-D-H-J-K: B-E-J-K: 69 weeks 43 weeks Total cost = $2.624.000 – $800 = $2.000 $2.600) = $800 $2. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.000/week after week 65 Critical Paths B-D-H-J-K and A-C-G-J-K: 61 weeks Crash Activities B and C by 2 weeks @ $7.000) – 2($7. All rights reserved.5 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.200 Indirect costs = $8.000/week Penalty cost = $20.

All rights reserved.000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 69 weeks Crash Activity D by 2 weeks @ $2.000 – 2($2.000 = $2.000 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.000/week Penalty cost = $20. Inc.000/week $28.000 $2.543.000 G Start Finish 10 35 Indirect costs = $8.000 C $2.511.000 – $32.000 + $8.000) = $32. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.511. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks A 67 weeks12 I 15 10 B-D-H-J-K: F B-E-J-K: 69 weeks K 43 weeks 5 Total cost = $2.St. B 9 D 8 H 40 J 1 E 24 .624.

543.624.000/week $28.000 C $2. B 7 D 8 H 40 J 1 E 24 .000 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.000/week after week 65 Critical Path B-D-H-J-K: 69 weeks Crash Activity D by 2 weeks @ $2.000 = $2.511.000 – $32.000 + $8. All rights reserved.000 G Start Finish 8 35 Indirect costs = $8. Inc.000/week Penalty cost = $20.000 $2. Adolf’s Hospital Minimum Cost Schedule A-I-K: A-F-K: A-C-G-J-K: 33 weeks 28 weeks A 67 weeks12 I 15 10 B-D-H-J-K: F B-E-J-K: 69 weeks K 43 weeks 5 Total cost = $2.511.000) = $32.000 – 2($2.St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

.Coors Field To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc. All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.Probabilistic Time Estimates To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. All rights reserved. . Inc.

All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. .Probabilistic Time Estimates Probability Time Figure 4.11 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc.

All rights reserved.Probabilistic Time Estimates Probability a Figure 4. Inc.11 (a) m Mean b Time To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

Probabilistic Time Estimates Area under curve between a and b is 99.11 (b) m Mean To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.74% Probability 3σ 3σ Time b a Figure 4. Inc. . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.

St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Inc.6 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. . Adolf’s Hospital Probabilistic Time Estimates A I F K Start C G Finish B D H J E Example 4.

Inc. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.6 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.St. Adolf’s Hospital Probabilistic Time Estimates A I F K Activity B Most Optimistic Likely Pessimistic (a) (m) (b) 7 8 15 Start C G Finish B D H J E Example 4. . All rights reserved.

.St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.6 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc. All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital Probabilistic Time Estimates A I F K Activity B Most Optimistic Likely Pessimistic (a) (m) (b) 7 8 15 Start C G Finish B D H J 7 + 4(8) + 15 te = = 9 weeks 6 E Example 4.

All rights reserved. Adolf’s Hospital Probabilistic Time Estimates A I F K Activity B Most Optimistic Likely Pessimistic (a) (m) (b) 7 8 15 Start C G Finish B D H J 7 + 4(8) + 15 te = = 9 weeks 6 E σ 2 = ( 15 .78 Example 4.6 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.St.7 6 ) 2 = 1. .

Inc.6 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Adolf’s Hospital Time Estimates (wk) Optimistic Activity (a) Likely (m) Pessimistic (b) Activity Statistics Expected Variance Time (te ) (σ 2 ) Example 4.St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. .

St.11 1. .11 Example 4.00 5.78 1. All rights reserved.78 7. Adolf’s Hospital Time Estimates (wk) Optimistic Activity (a) A B C D E F G H I J K 11 7 5 8 14 6 25 35 10 1 5 Likely (m) 12 8 10 9 25 9 36 40 13 2 6 Pessimistic (b) 13 15 15 16 30 18 41 45 28 15 7 Activity Statistics Expected Variance Time (te ) (σ 2 ) 12 9 10 10 24 10 35 40 15 4 6 0. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Inc.11 4.44 0.11 2.78 9.78 2.00 7.6 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.

H .St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.J . Adolf’s Hospital Probabilities Critical Path = B .K T = 72 days TE = 69 days Example 4.D . Inc.7 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. . All rights reserved.

H . .St. Inc. All rights reserved.7 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.J . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.K T = 72 days TE = 69 days σ 2 = Σ (variances of activities) z = T –TE σ 2 Example 4.D . Adolf’s Hospital Probabilities Critical Path = B .

44 + 0.St.D .H .78 + 1. All rights reserved. .11 = 11.J .78 + 5. Inc. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.7 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.89 Example 4.78 + 2. Adolf’s Hospital Probabilities Critical Path = B .K T = 72 days TE = 69 days σ σ 2 = Σ (variances of activities) z = T – TE σ 2 2 = 1.

7 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.K T = 72 days TE = 69 days σ σ 2 = Σ (variances of activities) z = T – TE σ 2 2 = 1. Adolf’s Hospital Probabilities Critical Path = B . Inc.H . All rights reserved.89 72 – 69 11.78 + 1.St.J .44 + 0. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.D .78 + 5.89 z= Example 4. .78 + 2.11 = 11.

St.H . All rights reserved.89 z= Example 4. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Adolf’s Hospital Probabilities Critical Path = B .K T = 72 days TE = 69 days σ σ 2 = Σ (variances of activities) z = T – TE σ 2 2 = 1.J .78 + 1. .89 72 – 69 = 0.D .44 + 0.11 = 11.78 + 5.7 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.87 11. Inc.78 + 2.

11 = 11. All rights reserved. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.D .H .J .78 + 2.St.81 72 – 69 z= = 0.87 11. Inc.7 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. .K T = 72 days TE = 69 days σ σ 2 = Σ (variances of activities) z = T – TE σ 2 2 = 1.78 + 5.89 Example 4. Adolf’s Hospital Probabilities Critical Path = B .89 From Appendix 2 Pz = .44 + 0.78 + 1.8078 ≈ .

.K= 69 weeks.44 + 0.78 + 5.87 Project duration (weeks) 11.D .1922 2 = 1.T of Probability E z exceeding 72 = 2 weeks is σ 0.69 69 72 = 0.12 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.11 = 11. All rights reserved.7 Figure 4. Inc.78 + 2.45 weeks TE = 69 days activities) σ σ 2 =Σ T .St. Adolf’s Hospital Probabilities Critical Path = B .8078 Normal distribution: J .89 z= Example 4.89 72 .H Length of T = 72 days critical path Probability of meeting the (variances of schedule is 0.78 + 1. Mean σ = 3.

J .G . .C .K T = 72 days TE = 67 days σ σ 2 = Σ (variances of activities) z = T – TE σ 2 2 = 0.7 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.44 + 0.90 72 – 67 z= = 1.27 15.55 From Appendix 2 Pz = . Adolf’s Hospital Probabilities Path = A .11 + 2.11 + 5.55 Example 4.8980 ≈ .St. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.11 = 15. Inc. All rights reserved.78 + 7.

Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. Adolf’s Hospital I A F K Start C G Finish B D H J E To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. . Inc. All rights reserved.St.

Duration 10 35 4 6 10 40 24 15 10 Earliest Start 16 26 61 65 10 20 10 16 16 Latest Start 14 24 59 63 9 19 35 48 53 Slack –2 –2 –2 –2 –1 –1 25 32 37 . Adolf’s Hospital Activity C G J K D H E I F Table 4. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.St.2 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc. All rights reserved.

Project Life Cycle

To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

Project Life Cycle
Resource requirements
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To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

Project Life Cycle
Resource requirements
Definition and organization Planning Execution Close out

Figure 4.13

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To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis, Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

14 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.Solved Problem 1 A 4 D 6 G 4 Start B 7 E 3 Finish H 3 C 5 F 11 Figure 4. All rights reserved. . Inc.

.15(a) To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.Solved Problem 2 D A E G Finish Start C B F Figure 4. Inc.

Solved Problem 2 1 A Start D Dummy 3 G E F F Finish B 2 C Figure 4. All rights reserved.15(b) To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis. Inc. . Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.

5 15.0 E 6.0 20.5 20.5 Finish Start 5.16 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.0 14.0 16.0 8.0 4. All rights reserved.0 C 3.0 0.5 5.5 6.5 9.0 9.0 B 5.5 15.0 20.5 G 4.5 5. Inc.5 15.0 F 9.5 5.0 4.Solved Problem 2 4. .5 5.0 0.5 0.5 D 12. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.0 15.5 15.0 A 4.5 Figure 4.0 9.0 8.0 9.

5 5.5 Figure 4.0 0.5 15.0 20.0 4. All rights reserved.0 8.5 15.0 8.0 E 6.0 20.16 To Accompany Krajewski & Ritzman Operations Management: Strategy and Analysis.5 15.5 15.Solved Problem 2 ES 0.0 4.5 0.0 49. Inc.0 14.0 EF 16.5 A G 4.5 9.0 9.5 6.0 4.0 B 5.0 1 15.5 F 9.0 Start 5.5 5.0 D 12. .5 C 3.5 20.0 9.0 A 4. Sixth Edition © 2002 Prentice Hall.5 Finish LS LF 0 4 8 Start 5.5 5.