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A bird·s eye view

Standards are

normative specifications

the degree or level of excellence
that is expected in one s performance or behaviour.

Corporations all over the world are facing tremendous pressures to the harmful effects of their operation on environment and


improve their
environmental performance.

regulations have been enacted by Non-compliance of these invites laws & legal actions and heavy penalties.Numerous environmental national governments. .

Era of enlightened citizenship corporations setting for themselves their own standards of performance (covering environmental performance as well). .

.Corporate response to environmental considerations are prompted by ² corporate commitment to ¶business  ethics· and  ¶corporate social responsibility· (CSR).

The concept of tripple bottom line is finding increasing acceptance in the global corporate domain. .

. . Forks. & performance.This concept was developed in 1997 by John Elkington in his book Cannibals with Forks. It adds to the traditional measures of economic/financial performance two economic/ other sets of measures: ² environmental performance of the firm.

.Within the framework of the Triple Bottom Line approach. companies all over the world are trying to put in place their own environment management systems (EMS).

But. are these initiativesinitiatives- ¶genuine·? or ¶ mere eye wash·? .

content and operational effectiveness of EMS in each case conform to certain minimum standards? expected .Do the design.

So. corporations must ensure thatthat- their EMS conforms to an accepted/prescribed set of standards. .

 .Company should  get every aspect of its EMS duly examined visvis-à-vis the set of standards. certification. and secure third party certification.

 renders the EMS acceptable to all stakeholders. hence.Such certification  is a conclusive proof of the system·s conformity to the prescribed set of standards & hence. .

 Accordingly a wide array of EMS standards have been developed in different countries of the world. These include BS 5750.  . and the European Eco Management and Audit Scheme. BS 7750.

Germany and Japan developed their own sets of EMS standards and eco labeling programme. Many countries including USA. Following rise in awareness.   . there has been a steady growth of national and regional standards.The ISO 14000 series  Emerged primarily as a result of the Rio Earth Summit.

Standards developed by different standardstandardsetting organisations differed significantly with regard to their focus. parameters. and measuring methods. . scope.

It became necessary for the global communities to develop and apply a set of uniform EMS standards that would be accepted by all countries and ensure a common approach in dealing with environmental issues. .Globalization led to increased interintercountry flows of goods. services and investment.

It reflects on the global consensus desired minimum level of excellence to be achieved by EMS when it is installed and operated by a corporate or other organisation. .The ISO 14000 standards came into being.

 . with more than 100 member countries and its HQ at Geneva (Switzerland). The organisation.The Administering Authority  The ISO 14000 series of standards have been developed and are administered by International Standard Organisation (ISO). aims at developing and promoting standards worldwide to assure consistency in management systems.

two pronged approach to meeting the needs of all ISO has a stakeholders in the of environment: .

water and soil as well as noise and radiation. offers a wide ranging portfolio of standards Firstly. it to deal with and monitor such aspects as the quality of air. .

. issues. through the said standards ISO helps organisations throughout the globe to take a more proactive approach to managing environmental issues. Secondly.

Objectives of ISO 14000 .

1. To draw attention of all stakeholders on environmental issues (focusing on the need for adoption of EMS at the level of individual organisations). .

To provide organisations with a globally accepted set of standards (for enabling them to design and operate their own EMS accordingly).2. .

and . To promote a common approach to environment management.3.

4. To enable organisation measure improvements in environmental performance. attain and .

Environmental labeling. . and assessment. Environmental performance evaluation.Coverage ISO 14000 series covers standards pertaining mainly to: Environmental  management system. Environmental    Environmental aspects in product standards. Life cycle assessment. auditing.

Application The ISO 14000 series applies to all organisations around the globe regardless of whether the organisation is ² large or small. department. or services. in  operating industry. an organisation in public administration. agriculture. or business enterprise. a . or a government department.

The requirements for achieving continual improvements of performance on quality front. ISO 9000 The ISO 9000 family is primarily concerned with quality management . The standards belonging to this family have been so designed as to fulfill :  The customers quality requirements. and also requirements. requirements. The related regulatory requirements.   .ISO 14000 Vs.

 The ISO 14000 family on the other hand is concerned with ¶environmental management·. regulatory requirements as far as environment is concerned.  Meet  Achieve . and continuous improvement of its environmental performance. performance. The standards guide and enable the organisations toto Minimise the harmful effects of products. services and operations on environment.

Improved ability to meet and   environmental regulations. Increase in efficiency materials. . public image of the  Improved employees·employees·-perception of the key in use of energy and raw environmental issues.  Increased ability to prevent and meet any sudden environmental disaster.Benefits of ISO 14000 certification:  Improved and a greener organisation.

Triple bottom line. Explain the terms: Standards.Check yourself 1. International Standard Organisation. 2. EMS standards. ISO 14000 series. a) What are the main objectives served by the ISO 14000 series? b) What are its main coverage? c) Where do the ISO 14000 series apply? d) How do the ISO 14000 series differ from the ISO 9000 series? e) What benefits are likely to accrue to a firm when it goes for the ISO 14000 certification? .