Learn How to Study

M. A. Kamal, Ph. D Director General National Academy for Planning & Development


Outline of the lecture
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Learn to study Asking you question? How do you study? Problems: Dimensions How to organize study Techniques How to read better and fast Five ways of Improving you study How to deal with examinations (Good preparation +exam technique). Conclusion


Learn to study

Ref : Derek Rowntree 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Divide by lines across the page with frames. Each Frame is a unit of teaching. Each one calls for a question. Correct answer will form the frame.



Asking your question?
To try and trip you up ± A To help you learn ± B To give you a test ± C Why learn to study? A. Identify the problem of study. B. Are you confident about you ability of study.



Higher standards A. Keep studies more and more. B. Full time table? Compulsory sessions, specific home works. C. Carefully assess the program D. Quickly spot and correct any back-sliding E. Even after well intended spoon feeding is there any danger or failure.

2.4 Are you responsible ? A. You are expected to timetable your on activities. Don¶t fritter it away. B. Success depends on : How well you can learn How well your tutor can teach

3. How do you study?
Do you have timetable? Do you study in the same place? Is start of a study difficult? Do you contribute to classroom? Do you discuss problems with your tutor? Do you glance through the chapter before you read the book? 3.7 Do you skip? 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6

3.8 Come across word- unknown-lookup it in the dictionary? 3.9 Do you agree in memorizing ? 3.10 Do you write notes. 3.11 Do you find difficulties in expressing or writing in study? Harder? Easier? Disappear? Productive?

4. Problems
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 De motivation Lack of purpose Stressed social life Lack of pursuance Lack of interest Forget about the theme Put them off till later

How to organize study 7 x 24 = 168 hours a week? 5.1 a. One regular day off completely b. Morning, afternoon, evening (one) different dates. 5.2 Weekly time-load : Sleep 56 hours Eating, Gossip 21 ³ Travel 12 ³ Classes 24 ³ Recreation 20 ³ 133 hours Study : 168 ± 133 = 35 hours Delirium of Exam preparation 5.



What is the minimum length of time for a useful study session?

Ans : 45 to 90 minutes. 5.4 What to study?

a. Particular subjects. b. Difficult at the top. c. Top to bottom. 5.5 Give it a week¶s trial run and unchanged time table.


6. Technique
6.1 6.2 6.3 7. a. Getting started Concentration Ending a Session How to take a text book? (i) Some books are to be tasted, (ii) others to be swallowed and (iii) some for to be chewed and digested, that is, same books to be read only in parts, (iv) others to beread but not curiously and (v) some few to be read wholly and with diligence and attention. SQ3R i) Survey ii) Question ± Active research them a, passive browser iii) Read iv) Recall and v) Review


7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9

How to read better and fast- (study time: About 50 minutes)
Comprehension Purposeful Main ideas: Paragraphs Important details Look for sign posts Diagrams and Tables Difficulties Evaluate the text Faster Reading i) Eyes and Brain ii) Fixations iii) Recognition Plan iv) Regression v) Vocalizing

8. Five ways of Improving you study
8.1 Test your eyes 8.2 Stop talking to yourself 8.3 Practice reading faster 8.4 Reading with better writing 8.5 Thought units and increase vocabulary


How to deal with examinations (Good preparation +exam technique).

I. Examination success demands preparation: A. Apply effective study techniques over period of time. B. Revise systematically: 1. Start now; because a. Never enough time later. b. Future work will come more easily. 2. Make a timetable for revision. a. Space out revision for each topic. b. Tackle variety of topics each day. c. Allow plenty rest and recreation.

3. Form a revision syndicate (3 colleagues, 3 times a week) a. Fosters objectivity b. Learn by teaching others. c. Keeps you sane. 4. Practice doing what the exam requires of you: a. Emphasis on recall (not recognition). b. Re-organize your ideas by: i. Discussing with others. ii. Revising all notes on a topic at once. iii. Revising related topics together. iv. Criticising own notes. v. Re-writing notes.

c. Tackle old examination papers: i. Write outline plans for answers. ii. Write complete model answers. iii. Sit mock exams. iv. Don¶t try to out-guess examiner. C. On the day before the exam: 1. Do not learn new things. 2. Revise normally or relax completely. 3. Gather exam equipment. 4. Go to bed early.

II. Technique on the day of the examination: A. Don¶t discuss prospects with other students. B. Read right through exam paper (5 min): 1. What instructions to candidates? 2. Decide what each question is asking for (key verbs) 3. Choose your best questions.


C. Budget your time: 1. Allocate total time according to marks per question. 2. Leave 10-15 minutes at end for checking. 3. Note expected finishing time for each question. D. Plan your answers: 1. Jot down main ideas and important details. 2. Form them into a skeleton outline. 3. Outline all answers before writing any up? ¼ + of all µanswer time¶)

E. Keep a sense of priorities: 1. Answer best question first. 2. Stick to your time-budget (½+½>x!) 3. Concentrate on main issues. F. Write: 1. Simply, directly, and to the point. 2. Grammatically, and without mis-spelling. 3. Legibly. G. When finished writing: 1. Check through all answers (till time is up). 2. Don¶t stay for post-mortem discussions.

III. Learn from examinations by: A. Checking examiner¶s marks and comments against questions. B. Comparing your answers with other students. C. Discussing your performance with tutor. D. Remedying and faults revealed in study techniques.


10. Conclusion
1. Purpose to persuade you to teach yourself. 2. Study is a job with your own professional work. 3. Examine future study problems objectively and discuss them fitfully with tutors and colleagues.


Thank you

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