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Application of Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC

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Prepared by: Brendon Ng Jo Han Yeu Chern

What is DSSC? ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ 3rd generation solar cells new class of low-cost solar cell belong to the group of thin film solar cells. a photoelectrochemical system invented in 1991 by Prof Michael Graetzel similar to natural photosynthesis energy from sunlight electric current .

Glass/plastic protective layer SnO2 conductive layer Titanium dioxide & sensitized dye Electrolyte Catalyst . iv. iii.Cell Design DSSC is composed of i. ii. v.

How does a Dye Solar Cell Work? .

Mechanism of the dye sensitized solar cell Photon strike dye molecule Photoexcitation occurs Release electron into TiO2 Electron exit through conductive layer & does its work ‡ Electron return to cell by entering through the electrolyte ‡ Triiodide molecule (I3-) is reduced to iodide ion (I-) ‡ electron transfer back to the dye molecule ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .

.‡ Iodide ion reform back to triiodide ‡ Dye molecule return to unactivate state This process occur billion of times per second inside the cell create electric current from sunlight.

Efficiency ‡ solar conversion efficiency (%) :total amount of electrical power produced for a given amount of solar power shining on the cell ‡ "quantum efficiency" is used to compare the chance that one photon (of a particular energy) will create one electron ‡ In quantum efficiency terms. DSSCs are extremely efficient ‡ However it is only those photons that are absorbed by the dye that ultimately produce current .

‡ typically used dye molecules generally have poorer absorption in the red part of the spectrum ‡ limit the current generated by a DSSC ‡ traditional silicon-based solar cell offers about 35 mA/cm2. whereas current DSSCs offer about 20 mA/cm2 ‡ overall peak power production efficiency for current DSSCs is about 11% .

the dye is one of the key components for high power conversion efficiencies. ‡ Ruthenium Dyes can be used for photochemical experiments and as sensitizers of wide band-gap semiconductor. ‡ the best energy conversion efficiency of up to 11% was achieved by using ruthenium dyes. N719 . such as N3.N3 (or N719) ruthenium dye ‡ In dye solar cells. like titanium dioxide in Dye Solar Cells.

N719 and µblack dye¶ .Structures of the ruthenium-based dyes N3.

with one of the ligands modified to a structure with additional aromatic rings and. in some embodiments.A modified complex based on the ruthenium dye N3 ‡ The complexes claimed here are also based on N3. containing alkyl chains ‡ a significant improvement in absorption ( is increased) .

Organic dyes Molecular structure of D149 ‡ New organic indoline structure dye which is applied for highly efficient solid state dye sensitized solar cell (DSSSC) ‡ Indoline dye (D149) with an absorption coefficient up to 5 times larger than the common N719 at the maximum of the solar spectrum .

‡ higher efficiencies in higher temperatures ‡ DSSCs :radiate away heat much easier. and therefore operate at lower internal temperatures. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .What are the advantages of DSSC? low cost (inexpensive) Environmental friendly easy to produce DSSCs work even in low-light conditions can withstand long exposure to light and heat compared with traditional silicon-based solar cells.

which has temperature stability problems ‡ electrolyte solution.Major disadvantage of DSSC ‡ use of the liquid electrolyte. which contains volatile organic solvents ‡ Efficiencies are lower compared with silicon solar cell .

such as the windows of your house to supply energy to your home. ‡ provide power to small-device batteries ‡ it could be used to coat the lenses of sunglasses -Self Energy Converting Sunglasses (SIG) ‡ Collecting energy and making it provide power to small devices .Application of DSSC ‡ transparent and flexible sheets or dye that could be used to coat glass.

and portable LED lighting systems.‡ World¶s first commercial application of DSSC solar technology is in the bag ‡ The solar panels built into these backpacks and bags will harvest energy to repower mobile electronic devices such as mobile phones. . e-books. cameras.

fl .Video clip: How does solar panels work How Solar Panels Work.