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5th Indigenous Recruitment and Training Summit Economic development and employment opportunities in remote Aboriginal communities



The reasons for the current scenario of no dreams, hopes or vision 

The importance of concentrating on educating women  The failure of a Government system geared to mediocrity  The need for innovative thinking and action across sectors and lateral thinking  A solution for those who want to ³do good´ with their life and maintain the spend of those that choose to do bad  Motivating the majority from welfare dependency
Rollo Manning, RWM Consultancy PR and Pharmacy Consultant, Darwin

My background
‡ As a Pharmacist I have worked across all sectors in the
pharmaceutical market

‡ As a Consultant I have worked on social and economic
development for Aboriginal organisations and communities

‡ As a volunteer I obtain personal satisfaction out of getting
something to work that others thought impossible

‡ As a human being I am concerned about social justice and the
rights of others, especially children

‡ As a friend I try and help those less fortunate than myself and
encourage social inclusion

My two favourite quotes:
Churchill ± We make a living by what we get, but we make a life by what we give. Kennedy (Robert) ± There are those that look at things the way they are, and ask why? I dream of things that never were, and ask why not.

Professor Patrick Dodson Address delivered at the inaugural National Indigenous Policy and Dialogue Conference at the University of New South Wales in November 2010.

Many of our Indigenous people continue to live in Third World conditions, young Indigenous men are over-represented in jails, and the capacity of Indigenous communities to participate fully in the economy continues to be subjugated to the interests of third parties ± either through legislation or political expedience.

How my attitudes have changed as I have learned more«.
1997 ± Take your medicines 2001 ± Health the most important 2003 ± The social determinants of ill health 2006 ± Education is the key 2008 ± Education for what ± a job? ± no jobs 2010 ± the interplay between jobs ± education ± health ± longer life with particular attention to stress as a factor across everything and poverty the cause.

The importance of employment and training Consider current scenario in remote communities: 

Crowded housing- the mother and father of all problems 

Low levels of literacy and numeracy ± few options  Low level job opportunities ± high unemployment  Plenty of spare time leading to arguments- fighting-

ill health- substance abuse- crime- incarceration - suicides

Get a job ± the best form of social welfare available

Alleviate poverty
³Poverty, is almost, you can describe is a living in a box, all with the thick wall, no window, no door, no light, so you don't know what's coming next, you have no idea of new day starting in different way, you repeat the same thing over and over again. No hope, basically. So you try to survive the day in very uncertain conditions. So that's poverty, you have no control over your life, that's total, that's it.´

Muhammad Yunus Founder Grameen Bank Nobel Peace Prize 2007

Create employment through Enterprise Facilitation
³The future of every community lies in capturing the passion, intelligence, imagination and resources of its people´
³Right now in your community, at this very moment, there is someone who is dreaming about doing something to improve his/her lot. If we could learn how to help that person to transform the dream into meaningful work, we would be halfway to changing the economic fortunes of the entire community´

Ernesto Sirolli Founder Sirolli Institute - teaches
community leaders how to establish and maintain Enterprise Facilitation projects in their community.

Barriers to successful enterprise development 
No dreams, hopes or ambitions amongst young people

(15-24 yo) 
A universal approach rather than targeting people with

aspirations 
No reward for those who want to ³do good´ with their life  A Government system geared to mediocrity  Lack of innovative thinking and action across sectors  Motivating the majority from welfare dependency

No dreams, hopes or ambitions amongst young people (15-24 yo)

Nauiyu Nambiyu population pro ile

Pers

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General Practice Network Northern Territory in partnership with the Daly River Community, Strong Spirit Strong Body Nauiyu Youth Program

Persons - 55 years and over Persons - 45 years to 54 years Persons - 35 years to 44 years Persons - 25 years to 34 years Persons - 15 years to 24 years s - 0 to 14 years

0

50

100

150

200

15-24 year old people in Nauiyu Nambiyu
Measure of psychological distress
Unhappy Not sleeping well Felling lonely Feeling anxious Feel depressed Feel sad
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%

15-24 year old people in Nauiyu Nambiyu
Feelings about self
Feeling suicidal

Inflicted self harm Feel unimportant or under alued Suffering from boredom

Feel not listened to

0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

15-24 year old people in Nauiyu Nambiyu
Ot
U t U L t N tf 0% 0% 0% 60% 80% 00% r r t r r

r tr

r

15-24 year old people in Nauiyu Nambiyu
What does the future hold
100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% No idea what to do Like a job or career Want further education

Fountain of learning
15 ² 24 years of age a critical time of learning
Hopes, dreams, motivation, skills, goals, knowledge

Where to from here

I had a dream«. Do Indigenous youth have a dream
By Robert Beadman
Menzies Research Centre, Canberra, 2004

´I am looking at human detritus [debris] right here in Darwin, and wonder what dreams they might have once had for themselves. What dreams they might have had for their children? What dreams their children might have had for themselves? I wonder if people have abandoned those dreams, what caused them to give up, what is it about the world that surrounds us all that makes them think that their dreams are unachievable.µ

The importance of concentrating on educating women

CARE knows from experience that investing in the earning power of women yields large benefits in terms of family income and well-being. When women earn, everyone benefits.

The story of Melanie
When a 21 year old Aboriginal woman from North East Arnhem puts up her hand and says ³I want to do better´ ± the support needed to make this happen should be available. Instead when in Darwin to try and make good she is shuffled between Centrelink and Job Services Australia agencies and in three months all she gets is appointments ± no training. On three occasions the appointments with the JSA agent could not be fulfilled because the JSA officer was absent. So much for mutual obligation! It took 14 weeks to obtain day one of literacy, language and numeracy training. What do the authorities planning this transition from welfare to work expect people to do with their idle time? Or are they so used to people that do not want anything to happen (like find a job) that when a person wanting to do better they cannot handle the positive nature of the inquiry. It appears that the entire system is geared to mediocrity and the Centrelink and job finding agencies are so used to people that don¶t want to work that they have no strategy to help those few that want to make good.

The story of Melissa
Never attended school on a regular basis from age 12 now 21 years old. At 15 years was brought from remote community to Darwin with her mother and placed in a Housing Commission flat because she was not attending school. From 17 years of age lived the life of a ³long grasser´ in Darwin drinking, smoking and getting into trouble with the law. A relationship with a man turned sour and they were continually in trouble with police for fighting, drunkenness and causing a public disturbance. She was convicted of aggravated assault, infringing an AVO, causing harm to property and behaving in a way dangerous to the public and sent to prison for 18 months suspended after six months. On release from prison during which time she gained skills in numeracy, literacy and computer use, she received $6,300 from Centrelink for back payment of a disability pension. Her disability ± unable to read and write. She was instructed to attend a 12 week rehabilitation program but failed to maintain attendance. No penalty has followed.

The failure of a Government system geared to mediocrity
We reward people who do bad
Crime Court Jail Rehab Job ready High recidivism rate

A vision splendid ± a new horizon
NEW HORIZONS would bring to Darwin 10-12 young women who say ³I want to do better´ and run them through a 10 week program of learning, work experience, site visits and socializing to gain a better understanding of what is required to move ahead in the developed world.

‡

earning program to include the following:
± ± ± ± ± ± ± ± ± ± Culture and the pride of being Aboriginal Language, literacy and numeracy Principles of welfare to work Choosing a career path²options available Visits to various work places Visits to cultural and governance institutions e.g. Council, Parliament, library, NLC Sport and the value of exercise to health living Personal and domestic hygiene Deportment, personal attire and appearance The discipline of a working day.

Everyone needs a job ± a real job
Coming Ready or Not! Aborigines are heading for town - Rev. Steve Etherington PhD Address to the Bennelong Society Annual Conference, October 2007

IF YOU READ NO FURTHER THAN THIS« It¶s about jobs: not overcrowding. It¶s about jobs; not about culture or ethnicity or missions, or history. It¶s about jobs: not about grog and drug abuse. It¶s about jobs: it¶s not even about child abuse. All these are merely symptoms of long-term unemployment. It¶s about jobs. ³All of them [the elders] looked back with great nostalgia to the era of full employment under the mission. All articulated despair about their loss of moral direction, of political control, of their own domestic education, of any sense of self-worth.´

Some words have been spoken«

³Towns in the bush will have proper town plans, private investment, targeted Government infrastructure and commercial centres,´ Mr Henderson said. ³It is about a decent lifestyle, jobs, education for our kids, better health and services that are equal with the rest of country Australia,´ Ms Anderson said.

Lets compare ± Boorowa (NSW) with Galiwin¶ku (NT)

Boorowa 2,300 people 950 houses 19 retail businesses Three hotels, a motel and a guest house

Galiwin¶ku 2,300 people 152 houses 5 retail businesses A guest house

Source ABS Census data 2006

Each of these growth towns would be able to sustain a pharmacy business

The need for innovative thinking and action across sectors
‡Create position and train Pharmacy Technician ‡Employ own pharmacist ‡Fund activity from PBS and CDEP

The pharmacy upgrade project on Bathurst Island employed a registered pharmacist and four trainee pharmacy technicians

Expected outcomes
Picked up Websterpaks of possible 170 patient
120 100 80 60 40 20 0 October ovember ecember ry J ebr ry M rch Apr M y J e J y August September October ovember ecember J uary ebruary March Apr May June 2002 2003 2004

Skilled workers

Improved compliance through easy pick up of weekly medicine pack

Some principles to be established First ‡ Only put in place services that are able to be understood, operated and maintained by local people. Second ‡ Have faith in the fact that there are local people able to be identified and trained to undertake the necessary tasks Third ‡ Give responsibility to local people and trust them to be able to do the job.

Pay individuals ± meet consequences of unun-educated spend

$80,000 a fortnight is spent on Ganja and another $80,000 on tobacco products in a remote NT Aboriginal community. Centrelink payments a fortnight are $350,000 Poverty is not necessarily a shortage of money

The minefield of the market place

A better way to create employment
‡ Training without employment does little but occupy trainees ‡ Training for certificates not for jobs ‡ Government should not think it alone has the answers ‡ Government provides infrastructure ‡ ³Enterprise facilitation´ is not expensive but returns huge results ‡ People have solutions through entrepreneurship

We are talking 3rd World conditions - Lets learn from 3rd World activity

Motivating the majority from welfare dependency
Consider the way payments are being made from Centrelink
A universal social security system Payments made to individuals Four communities in North East Arnhem Land Population 7300 Total Centrelink in 12 months $ xx million Average for every man, woman and child $ xxxxx each Reduce by $1,000 each and put balance to a community development fund - $7,300,000 to be used for micro economic enterprises Payments to individuals is NOT building better communities but perpetuating a welfare dependant mentality

ALLOW CASHING OUT OF CENTRELINK PAYMENTS FOR MICRO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS

Jobs the best form of welfare Train for jobs ² not certificates Reward those who want to achieve Allow funds for entrepreneurial projects

Contact me if you want to follow up on anything covered here today

Thank you for your attention