Action Logistics Ashore

AWI-019 Capt Landgraf

Terminal Objective
• DESCRIBE the principles of Logistics support to amphibious operations in accordance with JP 3-02 Amphibious Operations and NTTP 3-02.1M Ship-toShore Movement.

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Enabling objectives
19.1 DISCUSS the duties of the personnel responsible for planning logistics support for an amphibious operation IAW JP 3-02.   19.2 DESCRIBE the logistics planning considerations IAW JP 3-02.   19.3 DESCRIBE combat service support plans IAW JP 3-02.   19.4 DESCRIBE the key constructs in amphibious logistics plans and operations IAW JP 3-02.   19.5 DISCUSS health service support requirements in 3 amphibious operations IAW JP 3-02.

Enabling objectives
19.6 DESCRIBE the Landing Force Support Party (LFSP) and its organization IAW JP 3-02.   19.7 DISCUSS Landing Force Support Party (LFSP) planning considerations and responsibilities IAW JP 3-02.   19.8 DESCRIBE the support areas within the landing area IAW NTTP 3-02.1.   19.9 DESCRIBE surface and air logistics support request processes IAW NTTP 3-02.1.   19.10 DISCUSS the requirements and process of Landing Force Support Party (LFSP) relief IAW JP 3-02.

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references
qJOINT Pub 3-02, Amphibious Operations, pages V-28 to 45   qNTRP 3-02.1.2, The Naval Beach Group Support Element Operations   qNTTP 3-02.1/ MCWP 3-31.5, Ship-toShore Movement •

OVERVIEW
• Planning Responsibilities and Considerations • Combat Service Support Plans • Health Service Support • LFSP Organizations • LFSP Planning Considerations • Support Areas (TG) • Request Process (TG) • LFSP Relief •

Planning

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Planning Responsibilities
• CATF is usually responsible for overall logistics

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Planning Responsibilities
• In support of forces assigned, the CATF is responsible for:

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Planning Responsibilities
• CLF is responsible for:

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Considerations
• Due to requirement for logistics support to initially flow from sea to shore, systems must be responsive, simple, flexible, economical, attainable, sustainable and survivable • Must consider
– Embark based on anticipated support for LF CONOPS ashore – Establish a system that supports changing phases of the operation – Impetus of support from the rear directed forward to the unit – Preserve OPSEC
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Planning Factors
• • • • • • • • • • • • • Operation characteristics Target date AOA characteristics Enemy capabilities Size, type of LF Means of distribution LOC, transportation Resupply Phased increase in logistics capabilities EPWs Availability of logistic means Compatibility, capability of support sys Comms means

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Combat Service Support (CSS) Plans

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CSS Plans
• Coordination for logistical support is essential due to the complications of bringing supplies from afloat units • Planning is broken down to 2 primary time frames:
– Initial Supply – Sustainment
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Initial Supply
• Brought into the AOA as part of the AE and AFOE • Plans include ATF provisions for embarkation, support during movement, fueling and maintenance of unique equipment and supplies of water • Plans for LF include tactical loading, emergency supplies, efficient handling and beach support areas
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Sustainment
• Brought in post-D-day shipping with Follow-up supplies • A plan must be in place to provide security for these cargo/USNS-type ships as well as an orderly movement in and out of the transport areas to conduct their offloads • Due to the volume of cargo sustainment entails there must be some form of port facility established ashore and there must be adequate manpower to operate it

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Key constructs

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Key constructs

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Health Service Support (HSS)

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Landing force support party (LFSP)
(JP page V-42)

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DEFINED
• Temporary LF organization, composed of ATF and LF elements, that facilitates the ship-to-shore movement and provides initial combat support and combat service support (CSS) to the LF.
– CLF is responsible for the LFSP Plan not the LCE.

V-42

MISSION
• Provide initial combat service & combat service support for LF Landing Plan
– Facilitate the landing and movement of troops, equipment and supplies across beaches and into landing zones, ports and airfields. – Evacuates casualties and enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) – Assist in the beaching , retraction & salvaging of landing craft – Facilitate the establishment of the LCE, ACE and Naval Beach Group

LFSP Commander and C2
• Designated LFSP commander controls landing support operations within the landing area • Initially operations are decentralized and beaches are independent and controlled by Shore Party and Beach Party Teams • Shore and Beach Party Groups are then established and begin consolidating the teams • Once the LFSP is established ashore

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FORMATION
• Forward Echelon of LCE • Tasked organized
– Surface Assault Support Element (Shore Party) – MAGTF – Naval Beach Group Element

• Established through a formal activation order • Operates for the purpose to center Trainee Combat Support under a single Guide

CORE FUNCTIONS
• Command and Control
– Maintains & tracks all personnel, equipment & supplies on beach head

• Beach Support Area Development
– Mark beach unloading sites

• Beach Throughput
– Assist units in landing & moving across beaches

• Support for Helicopterborne Units
– Provide CSS

• Other Functions
– Establish Forward Armed Refueling Points (FARPs)

ORGANIZATIONS
HQ Shore

Group Beach Party Group (BP) Helicopter Support Team (HST) Special Attachments

Party

V-42

Headquarters

HEADQUARTERS
• Overall control of landing support operations within the landing area. • Matures from a small decentralized cell in the early stages of S-T-S movement, to a robust organization as operations expand and become more centralized. • Initial Stages “LSFP HQ is afloat”

– Decentralized to shore party & BP teams on colored landing beaches (First Waves)
• Shore Party and Beach Party carry out the majority of the C2 functions

Shore party group

SHORE PARTY GROUP
• Formed from the nucleus of a Landing Support (LS) Company from the LCE • Capable of providing combat service support to a Regimental Landing Team (RLT) across a colored beach • Upon landing, the shore party group commander assumes control and then begins consolidating activities on the group level
LCE
LS Company

Shore Party Group

SHORE PARTY TEAM
• Formed from a Landing Support Platoon, Landing Support Company • Provides logistical support to a BLT across a numbered beach
LCE LS COMPANY
LS PLATOON

Shore Party Team

Trainee Guide

SHORE PARTY GROUP
– Headquarters – Command sectionAdmin/Communication – Military Police Section – Evacuation Section-MEDEVAC records – Communications Section – Motor Transport/Equip Section – Replacement Personnel

SHORE PARTY GROUP FUNCTIONS
Mark beach limits/unloading points Designate/Mark landing sites Locate and establish supply dumps Assist units landing/moving across beaches •  Mark/remove obstacles • Construct/maintain beach lateral and exit roads • • • •

SHORE PARTY TASKS
• Control traffic in BSA •  Establish lateral communication between beaches and Helicopter Landing Zones (HLZs) •  Evacuate casualties and EPWs •  Maintain records and dump status •  Coordinate movement/unloading supplies from amphibious vehicles, beached landing craft and helicopters; move these supplies to dumps or using units, as required. •  Provide local security and coordinate the BSA defense.

SHORE PARTY TASKS
• Establish/maintain a system to warn of air, ground or NBC attacks within the BSA • Provide graves registration • Construct helicopter landing sites within the BSA • Load helicopters with supplies for delivery inland • Rearm/refuel aviation assets as required

Assault Loading- Appledore May 1944 Watercolor by Dwight C. Shepler

Beach party group

BEACH PARTY GROUP
• • • • Headquarters Beach Party Team(s) Beach Support Unit LCAC Landing Zone (CLZ) Team(s)
LCAC-1 US NAVY

DR1000

BEACH PARTY GROUP
• Primary Functions
– Installing navigational aids & removing obstacles – Marking beach landing sites – Advising Shore Party Commanders of suitable sites for beaching amphibious craft – Directing landing craft & amphibious vehicles to and from beach landing sites – Observing and reporting surf conditions to the PCO – Conducting salvage operations & making

BEACH PARTY GROUP
4 Beachmasters

4 Traffic control 4 Beach salvage capabilities
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4 AMPHIB SEABEEs

4 Amphibious construction capabilities 4 Ship to shore bulk fuel systems

BEACH PARTY TEAM
• Navy counterpart of the Shore Party Team • Basic unit of the Beach Party • Organization
– Headquarters – Communications section – Traffic control section – Salvage section – Oceanographic section – Other sections

Helicopter support

Helicopter support
4Formed from a Landing Support Platoon, Landing Support Company 4 4Provides logistical support landing zone support area (LZSA) across a numbered beach

SPECIAL ATTACHMENTS
4 Navy Seals 4 Navy Explosive Ordnance Units

LFSP Plan

LFSP PLAN
• Prepared by the CLF and subordinate commanders • Includes:
– Org and mission – Instructions to subordinate elements – LFSP comms – Beach and LZ defense instructions – Admin instructions
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PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS
• Early, detailed analysis of the beach landing area.  • Organization of Beach Support Areas (BSAs) and Landing Zone Support Area (LZSA). • Communications between tactical units, control elements and landing support units.  • Composition of the AE and AFOE.  • Development of plans after the seizure of the objective area.  • Analysis of tactical plans and their landing support requirements (CSS).  • Environmental management •

PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS
Combat loading of each assault ship.  Concept of combat service support.  Environmental management requirements  Employment of the sea echelon concept.  Defense requirements of BSAs and landing areas.  Enemy activity and installations in the objective area.  • Establishment of the landing force’s scheme of maneuver and landing plan. • Evaluation of beach hydrographic conditions and terrain features inland from the beaches. This also includes HLZs.   • • • • • •

PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS
• Distribution and throughput of classes of supplies from the assault ship.  • Availability of personnel, supplies, and equipment for shore party operations.  • Availability of assault shipping.  • Development of plans for handling of EPWs.  • Development of casualty evacuation and disaster recovery plans. • Identification of coordination requirements with other agencies.  • Organization of LCE or units.

Responsibilities
• CLF is responsible for activation of the LFSP and conduct of operations as well as their employment and security • CATF is responsible for related plans that provide support to the LFSP such as pontoon causeway/lighterage, unloading, EPW • Tactical Unit Supported is responsible

Support Areas
(Trainee Guide)

SAMPLE HLZ

OPERATIONS
• Embark and landing responsibilities rest with the tactical unit being supported


• Build up of the LFSP parallels the tactical build up ashore


• The landing support task organization changes as required


• Relieved by LCE

Request process

Control organization

TACTICAL LOGISTICS (TACLOG)
• A Marine agency for advising and assisting the Navy control organization regarding landing force requirements during ship-toshore movement

TACLOG
• Link between MAGTF, Navy, and LFSP
– Know units ashore, status of requests – Coordinate movement of assault waves
• Scheduled • On-call • Non-scheduled

HELICOPTERBORNE UNITS
• Same basic sequence as surface • Requests received by the HST via HST logistics net

ROGER! SEND IT FORWARD…

HELICOPTERBORNE UNITS
• Landing Zone Support Area (LZSAs) checked
– If available, issued
• HST then request replenishment through TACLOG for replenishment
LS ZA

L F RQET E US

HELICOPTERBORNE UNITS
• If not available at LZSA
– Check BSA – If available, Shore Party issues – Shore Party requests to TACLOG for replenishment

• If not available
– Request processed to TACLOG – Movement coordinated with TACC or TADC
BSA LZSA

HELICOPTERBORNE UNITS
• Emergency supplies pre-staged on Helicopter Transport Ships

THI ENDUP S

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COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT REQUEST SYSTEM

SURFACE LANDED UNITS

ONCE COMMUNICATIONS ARE ESTABLISHED WITH THE SHORE PARTY

4 The LF submits requests for serials & supplies via the Shore Party Team over the LFSP Control Net

SURFACE LANDED UNITS
• When request is received
– Dumps in the BSA are checked – If on hand, it is issued – Request processed to TACLOG to replenish dumps at BSA

LF REQUEST

SURFACE LANDED UNITS
• If item not at the BSA
– Request is passed to TACLOG – TACLOG locates ship of item requested – TACLOG arranges with PCO
• To notify ship designated • Provide landing craft • Effect loading

TACLOG

SURFACE LANDED UNITS
• • • • • • • • Landing craft loaded Ship notifies PCO Dispatches landing craft PCO notifies TACLOG TACLOG notifies Shore Party of ETA Item arrives at BSA Shore Party notifies TACLOG Shore Party delivers item

SURFACE LANDED UNITS
• Emergency supplies in floating dumps • Commander ashore may request via Shore Party or TACLOG • ALWAYS CHECK WITH THE SHORE PARTY FIRST

LFSP relief
JP page V-45 e, also V-34 b

PASSING CONTROL
• FROM THE LFSP TO THE LCE • • LFSP is disbanded after LCE is ashore and ready to assume responsibility for operations in the BSA/LZSA • • Relief without loss in efficiency takes coordination, liaison and attention to detail

REVIEW
• What LFSP organizations go ashore with a BLT? • Shore Party Team & Beach Party Team • What LFSP organizations go ashore with a RLT? • Shore party Group & Beach Party Group

REVIEW
• Who is responsible for the embarkation and landing of the LFSP? • The tactical unit being supported

REVIEW
• Who does a surface landed unit call to receive supplies? • The Shore Party Team • What is the mission of the LFSP? • To provide initial and limited combat service support for the landing force during ship to shore movement

SUMMARY
• Planning Responsibilities and Considerations • Combat Service Support Plans • Health Service Support • LFSP Organizations • LFSP Planning Considerations • Support Areas • Request Process • LFSP Relief

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