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Action -

Logistics Ashore
AWI-019
Capt Landgraf
Terminal Objective
• DESCRIBE the principles of Logistics support to
amphibious operations in accordance with JP 3-02
Amphibious Operations and NTTP 3-02.1M Ship-to-
Shore Movement.

2
Enabling objectives
19.1 DISCUSS the duties of the personnel responsible for
planning logistics support for an amphibious operation
IAW JP 3-02.
 

19.2 DESCRIBE the logistics planning considerations IAW JP

3-02.
 

19.3 DESCRIBE combat service support plans IAW JP 3-02.

 

19.4 DESCRIBE the key constructs in amphibious logistics

plans and operations IAW JP 3-02.


 

19.5 DISCUSS health service support requirements in

amphibious operations IAW JP 3-02. 3


Enabling objectives
19.6 DESCRIBE the Landing Force Support Party (LFSP) and its
organization IAW JP 3-02.
 

19.7 DISCUSS Landing Force Support Party (LFSP) planning

considerations and responsibilities IAW JP 3-02.


 

19.8 DESCRIBE the support areas within the landing area IAW

NTTP 3-02.1.
 

19.9 DESCRIBE surface and air logistics support request

processes IAW NTTP 3-02.1.


 

19.10 DISCUSS the requirements and process of Landing Force

Support Party (LFSP) relief IAW JP 3-02.


4
references
qJOINT Pub 3-02, Amphibious
Operations, pages V-28 to 45
 

qNTRP 3-02.1.2, The Naval Beach


Group Support Element Operations
 

qNTTP 3-02.1/ MCWP 3-31.5, Ship-to-


Shore Movement

OVERVIEW
• Planning Responsibilities and
Considerations
• Combat Service Support Plans
• Health Service Support
• LFSP Organizations
• LFSP Planning Considerations
• Support Areas (TG)
• Request Process (TG)
• LFSP Relief

Planning

7
Planning
Responsibilities
• CATF is usually responsible for overall logistics

8
Planning
Responsibilities
• In support of forces assigned, the CATF is responsible
for:

9
Planning
Responsibilities
• CLF is responsible for:

10
Considerations
• Due to requirement for logistics support to
initially flow from sea to shore, systems
must be responsive, simple, flexible,
economical, attainable, sustainable
and survivable
• Must consider
– Embark based on anticipated support for LF
CONOPS ashore
– Establish a system that supports
changing phases of the operation
– Impetus of support from the rear directed
forward to the unit
– Preserve OPSEC
11
Planning Factors
• Operation characteristics
• Target date
• AOA characteristics
• Enemy capabilities
• Size, type of LF
• Means of distribution
• LOC, transportation
• Resupply
• Phased increase in logistics capabilities
• EPWs
• Availability of logistic means
• Compatibility, capability of support sys
• Comms means 12
Combat Service Support
(CSS) Plans

13
CSS Plans
• Coordination for logistical support is
essential due to the complications
of bringing supplies from afloat
units
• Planning is broken down to 2
primary time frames:
– Initial Supply
– Sustainment

14
Initial Supply
• Brought into the AOA as part of
the AE and AFOE
• Plans include ATF provisions for
embarkation, support during
movement, fueling and
maintenance of unique equipment
and supplies of water
• Plans for LF include tactical loading,
emergency supplies, efficient
handling and beach support areas
15
Sustainment
• Brought in post-D-day shipping with
Follow-up supplies
• A plan must be in place to provide
security for these cargo/USNS-type
ships as well as an orderly movement
in and out of the transport areas to
conduct their offloads
• Due to the volume of cargo
sustainment entails there must be
some form of port facility
established ashore and there must be
adequate manpower to operate it 16
Key constructs

17
Key constructs

18
Health Service Support
(HSS)

19
20
Landing force support
party (LFSP)
(JP page V-42)

21
DEFINED
• Temporary LF organization,
composed of ATF and LF elements,
that facilitates the ship-to-shore
movement and provides initial
combat support and combat
service support (CSS) to the LF.
– CLF is responsible for the LFSP Plan
not the LCE.

V-42
MISSION
• Provide initial combat service & combat
service support for LF Landing Plan
– Facilitate the landing and
movement of troops, equipment and
supplies across beaches and into
landing zones, ports and airfields.
– Evacuates casualties and enemy
prisoners of war (EPWs)
– Assist in the beaching , retraction &
salvaging of landing craft
– Facilitate the establishment of the LCE,
ACE and Naval Beach Group

LFSP Commander and
C2
• Designated LFSP commander
controls landing support
operations within the landing area
• Initially operations are
decentralized and beaches are
independent and controlled by
Shore Party and Beach Party Teams
• Shore and Beach Party Groups are
then established and begin
consolidating the teams
• Once the LFSP is established ashore24
FORMATION
• Forward Echelon of LCE
• Tasked organized
– Surface Assault Support Element
(Shore Party)
– MAGTF
– Naval Beach Group Element
• Established through a formal
activation order
• Operates for the purpose to center
Trainee Combat
Guide Support under a single
CORE FUNCTIONS

• Command and Control


– Maintains & tracks all personnel, equipment
& supplies on beach head
• Beach Support Area Development
– Mark beach unloading sites
• Beach Throughput
– Assist units in landing & moving across
beaches
• Support for Helicopterborne Units
– Provide CSS
• Other Functions
– Establish Forward Armed Refueling Points
(FARPs)
ORGANIZATIONS
HQ
Shore Party
Group
Beach Party
Group (BP)
Helicopter
Support Team
(HST)
Special
Attachments

V-42
Headquarters
HEADQUARTERS
• Overall control of landing support operations
within the landing area.
• Matures from a small decentralized cell in the
early stages of S-T-S movement, to a robust
organization as operations expand and become
more centralized.
• Initial Stages “LSFP HQ is afloat”
– Decentralized to shore party & BP
teams on colored landing beaches
(First Waves)
• Shore Party and Beach Party carry out the
majority of the C2 functions

Shore party group
SHORE PARTY GROUP
• Formed from the nucleus of a Landing Support
(LS) Company from the LCE
• Capable of providing combat service support to a
Regimental Landing Team (RLT) across a
colored beach
• Upon landing, the shore party group commander
assumes control and then begins consolidating
activities on the group level

LCE Shore Party Group

LS
Company
SHORE PARTY TEAM
• Formed from a Landing Support
Platoon, Landing Support Company
• Provides logistical support to a BLT
across a numbered beach
LCE

LS COMPANY Shore Party Team

LS
PLATOON

Trainee Guide
SHORE PARTY GROUP
– Headquarters
– Command section-
Admin/Communication
– Military Police Section
– Evacuation Section-MEDEVAC records
– Communications Section
– Motor Transport/Equip Section
– Replacement Personnel
SHORE PARTY GROUP
FUNCTIONS
• Mark beach limits/unloading points
• Designate/Mark landing sites
• Locate and establish supply dumps
• Assist units landing/moving across
beaches
•  Mark/remove obstacles
• Construct/maintain beach lateral and
exit roads
SHORE PARTY TASKS
• Control traffic in BSA
•  Establish lateral communication between
beaches and Helicopter Landing Zones
(HLZs)
•  Evacuate casualties and EPWs
•  Maintain records and dump status
•  Coordinate movement/unloading supplies
from amphibious vehicles, beached
landing craft and helicopters; move these
supplies to dumps or using units, as
required.
•  Provide local security and coordinate the
BSA defense.
SHORE PARTY TASKS

• Establish/maintain a system to warn


of air, ground or NBC attacks within
the BSA
• Provide graves registration
• Construct helicopter landing sites
within the BSA
• Load helicopters with supplies for
delivery inland
• Rearm/refuel aviation assets as
required
Assault Loading- Appledore May 1944 Watercolor by Dwight C. Shepler
Beach party group
BEACH PARTY GROUP

• Headquarters
• Beach Party Team(s)
• Beach Support Unit
• LCAC Landing Zone (CLZ) Team(s)

DR1000
LCAC-1 US NAVY
BEACH PARTY GROUP
• Primary Functions
– Installing navigational aids & removing
obstacles
– Marking beach landing sites
– Advising Shore Party Commanders
of suitable sites for beaching
amphibious craft
– Directing landing craft & amphibious
vehicles to and from beach landing
sites
– Observing and reporting surf
conditions to the PCO
– Conducting salvage operations & making
BEACH PARTY GROUP
4 Beachmasters
4 Traffic control
4 Beach salvage
capabilities
4
4 AMPHIB SEABEEs
4 Amphibious
construction
capabilities
4 Ship to shore
bulk fuel
systems
BEACH PARTY TEAM
• Navy counterpart of the Shore
Party Team
• Basic unit of the Beach Party
• Organization
– Headquarters
– Communications section
– Traffic control section
– Salvage section
– Oceanographic section
– Other sections
Helicopter support
Helicopter support

4Formed from a Landing Support Platoon,


Landing Support Company
4
4Provides logistical support landing zone support
area (LZSA) across a numbered beach
SPECIAL ATTACHMENTS
4 Navy Seals
4 Navy Explosive Ordnance Units
LFSP Plan
LFSP PLAN
• Prepared by the CLF and subordinate
commanders
• Includes:
– Org and mission
– Instructions to subordinate
elements
– LFSP comms
– Beach and LZ defense instructions
– Admin instructions
47
PLANNING
CONSIDERATIONS
• Early, detailed analysis of the beach landing area. 
• Organization of Beach Support Areas (BSAs)
and Landing Zone Support Area (LZSA).
• Communications between tactical units, control
elements and landing support units. 
• Composition of the AE and AFOE. 
• Development of plans after the seizure of the
objective area. 
• Analysis of tactical plans and their landing support
requirements (CSS). 
• Environmental management

PLANNING
CONSIDERATIONS
• Combat loading of each assault ship. 
• Concept of combat service support. 
• Environmental management requirements 
• Employment of the sea echelon concept. 
• Defense requirements of BSAs and landing areas. 
• Enemy activity and installations in the objective
area. 
• Establishment of the landing force’s scheme of
maneuver and landing plan.
• Evaluation of beach hydrographic conditions and
terrain features inland from the beaches. This
also includes HLZs.  
PLANNING
CONSIDERATIONS
• Distribution and throughput of classes of supplies
from the assault ship. 
• Availability of personnel, supplies, and equipment
for shore party operations. 
• Availability of assault shipping. 
• Development of plans for handling of EPWs. 
• Development of casualty evacuation and disaster
recovery plans.
• Identification of coordination requirements with
other agencies. 
• Organization of LCE or units.
Responsibilities
• CLF is responsible for activation
of the LFSP and conduct of
operations as well as their
employment and security
• CATF is responsible for related plans
that provide support to the LFSP
such as pontoon
causeway/lighterage, unloading,
EPW
• Tactical Unit Supported is responsible
Support Areas

(Trainee Guide)
SAMPLE HLZ
OPERATIONS
• Embark and landing responsibilities rest
with the tactical unit being supported

• Build up of the LFSP parallels the tactical
build up ashore

• The landing support task organization
changes as required

• Relieved by LCE
Request process
Control organization
TACTICAL LOGISTICS
(TACLOG)
• A Marine agency for advising and
assisting the Navy control
organization regarding landing
force requirements during ship-to-
shore movement
TACLOG
• Link between MAGTF, Navy, and LFSP
– Know units ashore, status of requests
– Coordinate movement of assault
waves
• Scheduled
• On-call
• Non-scheduled
HELICOPTERBORNE UNITS
• Same basic sequence as surface
• Requests received by the HST via
HST logistics net

ROGER! SEND IT
FORWARD…
HELICOPTERBORNE UNITS
• Landing Zone Support Area (LZSAs)
checked
– If available, issued
• HST then request replenishment
through
TACLOG for replenishment

LZSA

LF
REQUEST
HELICOPTERBORNE UNITS
• If not available at LZSA
– Check BSA
– If available, Shore Party issues
– Shore Party requests to TACLOG for
replenishment
• If not available
– Request processed to TACLOG
– Movement coordinated with TACC or
TADC
BSA LZSA
HELICOPTERBORNE UNITS
• Emergency supplies pre-staged on
Helicopter Transport Ships

THISENDUP

+
COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT
REQUEST SYSTEM
 SURFACE LANDED UNITS

 ONCE COMMUNICATIONS ARE


ESTABLISHED WITH THE SHORE
PARTY

4 The LF submits requests for serials &


supplies via the Shore Party Team
over the LFSP Control Net

SURFACE LANDED UNITS
• When request is received
– Dumps in the BSA are checked
– If on hand, it is issued
– Request processed to TACLOG to
replenish dumps at BSA

LF
REQUEST
SURFACE LANDED UNITS
• If item not at the BSA
– Request is passed to TACLOG
– TACLOG locates ship of item
requested
– TACLOG arranges with PCO
• To notify ship designated
• Provide landing craft
• Effect loading
TACLOG
SURFACE LANDED UNITS
• Landing craft loaded
• Ship notifies PCO
• Dispatches landing craft
• PCO notifies TACLOG
• TACLOG notifies Shore Party of ETA
• Item arrives at BSA
• Shore Party notifies TACLOG
• Shore Party delivers item
SURFACE LANDED UNITS
• Emergency supplies in floating
dumps
• Commander ashore may request via
Shore Party or TACLOG
• ALWAYS CHECK WITH THE SHORE
PARTY FIRST
LFSP relief

JP page V-45 e, also V-34 b


PASSING CONTROL
• FROM THE LFSP TO THE LCE

• LFSP is disbanded after LCE is ashore
and ready to assume responsibility
for operations in the BSA/LZSA

• Relief without loss in efficiency takes
coordination, liaison and attention
to detail
REVIEW
• What LFSP organizations go ashore
with a BLT?
• Shore Party Team & Beach Party
Team

• What LFSP organizations go ashore


with a RLT?
• Shore party Group & Beach Party
Group
REVIEW
• Who is responsible for the
embarkation and landing of the
LFSP?
• The tactical unit being supported
REVIEW
• Who does a surface landed unit call
to receive supplies?
• The Shore Party Team

• What is the mission of the LFSP?


• To provide initial and limited combat
service support for the landing
force during ship to shore
movement
SUMMARY
• Planning Responsibilities and
Considerations
• Combat Service Support Plans
• Health Service Support
• LFSP Organizations
• LFSP Planning Considerations
• Support Areas
• Request Process
• LFSP Relief