FIVE KEYS TO SAFER FOOD

DR.ABDULRAHMAN LOTFY PUBLIC HEALTH SPECIALIST 2008

Unsafe food has been a human health problem since history was first recorded. y Each year 1.8 million people die as a result of diarrhoeal diseases and most of these cases can be attributed to contaminated food or water. y More than 200 known diseases are transmitted through food.
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What is the problem?
Every day people all over the world get sick from the food they eat. This sickness is called foodborne disease and is caused by dangerous microorganisms and/or toxic chemicals. y Most foodborne disease is preventable with proper food handling.
y y

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elderly and the sick. Creates a vicious cycle of diarrhoea and malnutrition. Severely affects infants.Food borne Disease: y y y y y Is a problem in both developing and developed countries. young children. and Hurts the national economy and development and international trade 4/12/2010 4 . Is a strain on health care systems.

These are called ppathogensq.g. y y Dangerous microorganisms make people sick and can even kill. but they cause our food to smell bad.What are microorganisms? y Microorganisms are very small living things.g. ) Make medicine (e. the bad and the dangerous. yoghurt. and Help digest food in the gut. so small that they cannot be seen with the naked eye. taste horrible and look disgusting. or spoilage microorganisms. cheese. do not usually make people sick. Most of these microorganisms do not change the appearance of the food 4/12/2010 5 . y Bad microorganisms. They: Make food and drinks (e. penicillin). Good microorganisms are useful. There are three different types of microorganisms: the good.

intestines. fingernails and skin). hands. y Domestic. mice. chickens and pigs). mouth.g. nose. y Rats. y Soil and water. cows. but are mostly found in: y Feces. y 4/12/2010 6 . y fish. marine and farm animals (e. insects and pests. dogs. and People (bowel.Where do microorganisms live? Microorganisms are everywhere.

How do microorganisms move? The transfer of microorganisms from one surface to another is called contaminationq. y Microorganisms can be s read through contaminated food and water. y Pets and domestic animals can also be a source of contamination y 4/12/2010 7 . y Hands are one of the most common means of moving microorganisms from one lace to another.

How do microorganisms grow? Most microorganisms pgrowq by multiplication. y 4/12/2010 8 . Time. and Warmth. y To multiply. cheese and eggs are foods that rovide ideal conditions for microorganisms to grow. microorganisms need: Food. milk . seafood. cooked rice. Water. y Meat. cooked asta.

Vomiting. billions of people experience one or more episodes of foodborne disease.What are the symptoms of foodborne disease? Every year. and Diarrhoea. without ever knowing that their illness was caused by food. y The most common symptoms of foodborne disease are: Stomach pains. y 4/12/2010 9 .

Symptoms may occur very quickly after eating the food. 4/12/2010 10 . symptoms occur 24 -72 hours after the food has been eaten.y y y y y The symptoms depend on the cause of the disease. Foodborne disease can lead to long-term health problems. arthritis and neurological disorders can be caused by contaminated food. Very severe diseases. including cancer. For most foodborne diseases. or may take days or even weeks to appear.

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y Simple measures such as washing and peeling may reduce the risk from chemicals that are found on the surface of foods. y Chemicals used for treating animals. y Metals and environmental pollutants. y Chemicals used for cleaning. y Improperly used pesticides. 4/12/2010 12 . which include: y Natural toxins. and y Improperly used food additives.Chemicals should not be forgotten Microorganisms are not the only cause of food borne illness. People also get sick from poisonous chemicals.

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pests and other animal  Wash 4/12/2010 16 .your hands before handling food and often during food preparation.  Wash your hands after going to the toilet  Wash and sanitize all surfaces and equipment used for food preparation  Protect kitchen areas and food from insects.

y 4/12/2010 17 . especially cutting boards. water. animals and people. y These microorganisms are carried on hands. y The slightest contact can transfer them to food and cause food borne diseases. wiping cloths and utensils.Why? Dangerous microorganisms are widely found in soil.

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