The term was coined by Sir Arthur Keith in 1913 to describe a peculiar dental anomaly in which the body of the tooth is enlarged at the expense of the roots. The term TAURODONTISM means bull-like teeth. Tauro= bull dont=tooth

‡ Hammer et al believed that the taurodont is caused by failure of Hertwig s epithelial root sheath to invaginate at the proper horizontal level.

TAURODONTISM is characterised by an elongated body and short roots with longitudinally enlarged pulp chambers. .

Etiology ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ A specialised or retrograde character A primitive pattern A Mendelian recession trait An atavistic feature A mutation resulting from odontoblastic deficiency during dentinogenesis of roots .

Shaw classified taurodont teeth into: ‡ Hypotaurodont ‡ Mesotaurodont ‡ Hypertaurodont .


Trichodentosseous syndrome It is also commonly associated with Amelogenesis Imperfecta . Klinefelter syndrome 2. Rapp Hodgkin syndrome 4. Down s syndrome 3.Syndromes associated with taurodontism are: 1.

Conditions associated with taurodontism are: Certain dermatological conditions likeEpidermolysis bullosa Otodental dysplasia Dyskeratosis congenita .

no sex predilection ‡ Site.Deciduous and permanent dentition affected.Rectangular shape rather than the normal tapering towards root. It may be bilateral or unilateral ‡ Shape of involved teeth. Molars are commonly involved. .middle age ‡ Sex.Clinical features: ‡ Age.

the roots and root canals are exceedingly short . Pulp lacks the usual constriction at the cervix of tooth. ‡ Roots. ‡ Pulp and pulp chamber.Radiographic features: ‡ Involved teeth tend to be rectangular in shape rather than taper towards the roots.pulp chamber is extremely large.

DIAGNOSIS: ‡ Clinical.Extremely large pulp chambers .Rectangular shaped crown ‡ Radiographic.

Differential diagnosis: Developing Mandibular Molar Management: No specific treatment as it does not cause any clinical problems .

.HYPERCEMENTOSIS Hypercementosis is a non-neoplastic condition in which excessive cementum is deposited in continuation with the normal radicular dentin. It is also called as Cementum Hyperplasia or Exostosis of Root.

thyroid goitre. calcinosis.Etiology: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Loss of antagonist Inflammation of root Trauma repair (tooth repair) Osteitis deformans or Paget s disease of bone Others-Hyperpituitarism. Rheumatic fever . Vitamin A deficiency.

Types of Hypercementosis ‡ Localised ‡ Generalised .


Clinical features: ‡ Age-adults ‡ Sex.teeth are vital and not sensitive to percussion ‡ Roots-roots appear larger in diameter and present with rounded apices . Deciduous and permanent dentition affected ‡ Symptomless (unless periapical infection is present) ‡ Signs.premolars are often bilaterally affected.no sex predilection ‡ Site.

‡ Fusion of teeth.extensive hypercementosis causes fusion of 2 or more adjacent teeth ‡ Spike formation.it occurs in case of excessive occlusal trauma .

Bulbous appearance of roots. Apex.follows the outline of teeth in normal periodontal space ‡ Bone resorption.irregular accumulation of cementum that is accomodated by related area of resorption ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .Roots exhibit rounding of the apex Lamina dura.Radiographic features: Thickening and apparent blunting of roots.

Differential diagnosis: ‡ Multirooted teeth and dilacerated root ‡ Fused root Management: Treatment of the primary cause Extraction of teeth with hypercementosis is contraindicated .

second.third permanent molars. . Unilaterally or bilaterally present.CUSP OF CARABELLI It is an accessory lingual cusp located on the mesiopalatal cusp of maxillary second deciduous molars and first.


It is called as Protostylid .Accessory cusp is seen occasionallyon mandibular permanent or deciduous molar.

MULBERRY MOLAR MULBERRY MOLAR or MOON S MOLAR is a characteristic syphilitic lesion of posterior teeth in which the hypoplastic enamel develops with spherical aggregates orglobules on the surface of dentin. .

The mesial and distal surfaces of the crown taper and converge toward the incisal edge. . The edge may be notched. The anterior teeth affected are called Hutchinson s teeth .HUTCHINSON S INCISOR Enamel Hypoplasia due to congenital syphilis. The upper central incisor is screw driver shaped.


particularly the mandibular bicuspids and the cuspids have two roots.SUPERNUMERARY ROOTS Teeth that are normally single rooted. .

molars. .bicuspids. cuspids ‡ They are seen as slender outgrowths at the centre of furcation area of molars.Clinical features: ‡ Site.

Radiographic features: .

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