Why to use Edward DeBono·s parallel thinking in problem solving.

What are six thinking hats? .

Our goal is to think collectively. to use the best thinking skills to learn together Thinking is not about making a case for one position but looking at all the angles. Organized thinking is holistic and more complete Define parallel thinking Identify each of the six hats Learn how to ask a good question Apply six hats method to problem solving .Goals of this presentation« ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ There are many ways to look at the same situation.

What is parallel thinking? At any moment everyone is looking in the same direction. (And there will be some explaination) .

So the six hats are«? ‡ Six colors of hats for six types of thinking ± Each hat identifies a type of thinking ± Hats are directions of thinking Hats help a group use parallel thinking ± You can ³put on´ and ³take off´ a hat ‡ .

angry Black: serious. sky above .Six colors« ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ White: neutral. somber Yellow: sunny. fertility Blue: cool. positive Green: growth. objective Red: emotional.

«and six hats .

stay in the idiom Adds an element of play.Using the hats ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Use any hat. as often as needed Sequence can be preset or evolving Not necessary to use every hat Time under each hat: generally. play along Can be used by individuals and groups . short Requires discipline from each person ± While using it.

The Blue Hat ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Thinking about thinking Instructions for thinking The organization of thinking Control of the other hats Discipline and focus .

sequence.The blue hat role ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Control of thinking & the process Begin & end session with blue hat Facilitator. session leader¶s role Choreography ± open. close ± Focus: what should we be thinking about ± Asking the right questions ± Defining & clarifying the problem ± Setting the thinking tasks .

Open with the blue hat« ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Why we are here what we are thinking about definition of the situation or problem alternative definitions what we want to achieve where we want to end up the background to the thinking a plan for the sequence of hats .

«and close with the blue hat ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ What we have achieved Outcome Conclusion Design Solution Next steps .

hunches. judgements Removes feelings & impressions Two tiers of facts ± Believed Facts ± Checked Facts . objective information Facts & figures Questions: what do we know.White Hat Thinking ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Neutral. what do we need to know Excludes opinions. what don¶t we know.

reasons or basis All decisions are emotional in the end . intuitions.Red Hat Thinking ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Emotions & feelings Hunches. impressions Doesn¶t have to be logical or consistent No justifications.

opportunity Benefits Best-case scenarios Exploration .Yellow Hat Thinking ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Positive & speculative Positive thinking. optimism.

Green Hat Thinking ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ New ideas. perceptions Deliberate creation of new ideas Alternatives and more alternatives New approaches to problems Creative & lateral thinking . concepts.

Black Hat Thinking ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Cautious and careful Logical negative ± why it won¶t work Critical judgment. evidence. pessimistic view Separates logical negative from emotional Focus on errors. but not necessarily fair . conclusions Logical & truthful.

positive & speculative Green: creativity. ideas & lateral thinking Black: cautious & careful .Six hats summary Blue: control & organization of thinking White: objective facts & figures Red: emotions & feelings Yellow: hope.


wrong argument Use in whole or in part ‡ ‡ ‡ .General hat issues ‡ Direction. not description ± Set out to think in a certain direction ± ³Let¶s have some black hat thinking«´ Not categories of people ± Not: ³He¶s a black hat thinker.´ ± Everyone can and should use all the hats A constructive form of showing off ± Show off by being a better thinker ± Not destructive right vs.

preference Removal of ego (reduce confrontation) Save time Focus (one thing at a time) Create.Benefits of Six Thinking Hats ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Provides a common language Experience & intelligence of each person (Diversity of thought) Use more of our brains Helps people work against type. evaluate & implement action plans .

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