Micro Teaching Techniques - Explanation - Closure

Prepared By Group 4 : LAY HOOK PENG SII DIONG LIONG AHMAD KHAIDIR B.MAMAT KAMIL HAKIMI B. ABDUL LAHAK MUHAMMAD KHALIL B. YAHAYA

Explanation
Explanation is used to deliver information, concept or contents of lesson to the students, usually during eliciting idea. Usually teacher explains the teaching content by using examples, illustration or teaching resources. For example, a teacher explains the life cycle of a frog using diagram illustration. During explanation, teacher writes the main points on the white board so that students understands and records in their note books.

Principle of Explanation Technique
Plan the teaching activity with suitable examples and illustration. The teaching resources should be prepared early before enter class. The time allocated for explanation should be short. The students will feel bore if listen to a long explanation. In order to sustain students interest, stimulus variation can be applied.

Principle of Explanation Technique
Relate the explanation with students previous knowledge so that students can follow the lesson easily. The time allocated for explanation should be short. The students will feel bore if listen to a long explanation. In order to sustain students interest, stimulus variation can be applied. Encourage students to ask question after the explanation section.

Objective of Explanation Technique
1. To deliver information or explain the teaching contents in a short time. 2. To simplify students¶ understanding of concept or content of a lesson clearly. 3. To explain a process or procedure . For examples, explain the experiment procedure or steps involve in solving a mathematical problem. 4. To explain the causes of an event or to predict the probability of an incident happened.

Effects of Using Explanation Technique on T & L 

Students can understand concept and content easier, faster and more accurate. accurate. Students can understand some process or procedure with detail and organize. organize. Students can concentrate onto teachers teaching activity if the explanation is interesting and meaningful. meaningful.  

Effects of Using Explanation Technique on T & L 

Examples of illustration and teaching material can stimulate various students sensory organ as well as enable concept understanding easier and strengthen what had been explained in their mind. Teacher s activity time can be shorten and it can be use to add on students learning activity. 

Components of Explanation Technique
Starting direction Teachers explanation: explanation: Arise and maintain students focus. focus. Arise students readiness to study. study. Clear, short and precise. precise. Use of example or resource in learning Sufficient examples or resources. resources. Appropriate examples or resources. resources. Clear and interesting examples or resources Effectiveness of managing examples or resources

Components of explaining skill

Illustration skill

Management of explaining skill Arrangement Idea be developed systematically. systematically. of idea Variation of stimulus been used successfully. successfully. Oral explanation clear and precise . Summary/conclusion Important contents been stated in written Important contents been arranged systematically. systematically. Closing statement short, precise and clear. clear.

Closing

CLOSURE TECHNIQUE

‡ Last section in teaching and learning activities. ‡ Activities such as summarize, reinforcement and evaluation is normally use. ‡ It helps students to reinforcement concept or new skill they had learned through summarization or giving them exercise. ‡ To evaluate effectiveness of the teaching and learning process. ‡ It divided into two types :
± Cognitive Closure ± Social Closure

CLOSURE TECHNIQUE

COGNITIVE CLOSURE SOCIAL CLOSURE To reinforce all teaching content and skills that students had learned.  it can be done by :  summarize activities  reinforcement activities  re-exercise activities

‡ The objective is to satisfy students achievement to ensure that they are interested in learning. ‡ Normally its use reinforcement technique

STEPS IN IMPLEMENTATION 1. Make summarizes and conclusion on what had learned by write down important note on white board 2. Give a written exercise to students (in exercise book or exercise sheet). 3. Give an enrichment activities to students 4. Ask students the important content that they had learned.

The Principle Using Closure Technique

1.

2.

3. 4.

5.

Closure should suitable with an objective, a content and a new skill that students learned at development stage. Summarize, reinforcement and re-exercise activities need to plan systematically to make sure cognitive closure can be carried out perfectly. Besides cognitive closure, social closure also need to carry out in the end of lesson. Except reinforcement and re-exercise activities, cognitive and social closure should finish not more 5 minutes. Evaluation activities can be used in the end of lesson to evaluate achievement of lesson objectives.

OBJECTIVES OF CLOSING SKILLS

Prepared by; Muhammad Khalil Yahaya

OBJECTIVES OF CLOSING SKILLS
There are five objectives that use in microteaching.
1.

Ensure closing skills become effective which it would give student clearly understand the topic and they know and try to imagine how they learn. To give student clearly know and understand the concepts as well as develop new skills. They also can summary and do writing what they learn.

2.

OBJECTIVES OF CLOSING SKILLS
3.

To motivate the student with shows the situation that previous student successful in their study by using enforcement technique.

4.

Using evaluation activities to evaluate learning objective (LO) and teaching and learning activities, to give student think widely and modify in the future learning. Lastly, closing objectives can give student apply the concepts and new skills with the opportunity given.

5.

IMPLICATION TEACHING & LEARNING PROCESS 

If closing skills of objectives would achieve with higher satisfies, teacher should be able;
To create more activities to student that they can be master in the topic base on the concepts and at the same time develop new skills. As a conclusion according to the cognitive learning, student can summaries the important facts that they are learn.

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2.

IMPLICATION TEACHING & LEARNING PROCESS
3.

Using the social conclusion such as to give an achievement feeling to student so that they would motivate to try and always effort in what they do. Through the assessment activity , teacher can determine the achievement of the learning objective. This assessment result can drive teacher for using the suitable method and lesson plan for the next lesson.

4.

COGNITIVE RELATED

COMPONENT OF CLOSURE SKILLS

SOCIAL RELATED

COGNITIVE RELATED
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Make conclusion Repeating main contain Do assessment activity Suggest the continues activity Make the reinforcement activity

SOCIAL RELATED
Exist the feeling of student achievement Give a positive reinforcement Build the curiosity condition Motivate the desire of study among students ‡ Relate with incoming lesson ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

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