BASIC MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

Presented by: Penny Osmon, BA, CPC
Wisconsin Medical Society Copyright 2007

Objectives
‡ Reviewing body systems and related medical terms ‡ Understanding how medical terms are formed including combining forms, prefixes and suffixes ‡ Learning to define, spell and pronounce medical terms according to the component word parts ‡ Forming a foundation that allows continuing expansion of medicla terminology skills

What We Will Cover Today!
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Basic Medical Word Structure Gastrointestinal System Respiratory System Cardiovascular System Urinary System Reproductive System Nervous System, Special Senses Integumentary System

STOP!
I will now test your knowledge

Word Root
‡ Foundation or core

‡ All medical words contain one or more ‡ Conveys fundamental meaning Example: HEPAT/ITIS "HEPAT" (liver) is the word root.

.SUFFIX ‡ Medical terms may/may not contain a suffix ‡ Attached to the end of a word root ‡ Alters or modifies the meaning Example: HEPAT/ITIS "-ITIS" (inflammation) is the suffix.

PREFIX ‡ Attached to the beginning ‡ Influences the meaning ‡ Not all medical terms contain a prefix Example: SUB/HEPAT/IC "SUB-" (under) is the prefix. ("-IC" is the suffix for pertaining to.) . subhepatic means pertaining to under the liver.

COMBINING VOWEL ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Usually an ³O´ Links two word roots or a word root and a suffix Eases pronunciation Not all medical terms contain combining vowels Has no meaning of its own A word root which a vowel is attached is called a combining form .

hepat/ic .RULES ‡ When connecting two word roots. a combining vowel is usually not used if the suffix begins with a vowel . a combining vowel is usually used even when vowels are present at the junction oste/o/arthr/itis ‡ When connecting a word root and a suffix.

BREAKDOWN ‡ Medical terms include pertinent word parts. not all the time ‡ Breakdown can sometimes be misleading ‡ Knowing the breakdown will help with the learning process ‡ Breakdown alone will not always give you the entire meaning of the term ‡ Useful tool for identifying procedure. anatomical site or condition .

actual meaning is large increase in the number of cancerous abnormal white blood cells ‡ AUT/O/PSY . actual meaning is exam of dead body (with one¶s own eyes) to determine cause of death .literally means process of viewing self.literally means blood condition of white.EXAMPLES ‡ LEUK/EMIA .

Analyzing and Defining Medical terms are usually read ³backwards´ or suffix first Examples: HYPO GASTR IC Pertaining to below the stomach NEURO LOGY Study of Nerves .

SUFFIXES Pertaining To  -AC  -AL  -AR  -ARY  -EAL  -IAC  -IC  -ICAL -INE -IOR -OSE -OUS -TIC ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Hypogastric Peritoneal Cellac Pulmonary Infectious Diagnose .

SUFFIXES Condition       -EMA -ESIS -IA -ISM -SIS -Y ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Emesis Prostatism Dialysis Corectopia Erythema .

SUFFIXES Abnormal  -OSIS  -IASIS ‡ Cholelithiasis ‡ Endometriosis .

SUFFIXES One Who  -OR  -ER ‡ Doctor ‡ Professor ‡ Explorer .

SUFFIXES Specializes In  -IST ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Cardiologist Proctologist Neurologist Allergist .

SUFFIXES Pain  -ALGIA ‡ Cephalalgia  Headache .

SUFFIXES Hernia  -CELE ‡ ‡ Cystocele Varicocele .

SUFFIXES Surgical Puncture  -CENTESIS ‡ Thoracentesis .

SUFFIXES Pain ‡ -DYNIA ‡ Gastrodynia ‡ Mastodynia .

SUFFIXES Stretching  -ECTASIA ‡ Gastrectasia .

SUFFIXES To Cut or Remove  -ECTOMY ‡ Gastrectomy ‡ Appendectomy ‡ Tonsillectomy .

SUFFIXES Vomiting  -EMESIS ‡ Hyperemesis .

SUFFIXES Blood Condition  -EMIA ‡ Anemia ‡ Leukemia .

SUFFIXES Recording or Tracing  -GRAM ‡ Radiogram .

SUFFIXES Process of Recording ‡ Radiography  -GRAPHY ‡ Cardiography .

SUFFIXES Inflammation of Heat Redness Swelling Warmth  -ITIS ‡ Gastritis ‡ Appendicitis ‡ Tonsillitis .

SUFFIXES Process  -ION ‡ Incision .

SUFFIXES Study of Science of  -LOGY ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Gastrology Hematology Cardiology Neurology .

SUFFIXES Tumor   Benign Malignant ± OMA ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Gastroma Lymphoma Melanoma Sarcoma .

SUFFIXES To View  -OPSY ‡ Biopsy .

SUFFIXES Disease of  -PATHY ‡ Hepatopathy ‡ Neuropathy ‡ Cardiopathy .

SUFFIXES Drooping Sagging  -PTOSIS ‡ Nephroptosis .

SUFFIXES Surgical Repair  -PLASTY ‡ Rhinoplasty ‡ Bronchoplasty .

SUFFIXES Severe Bleeding Bursting  -RRHAGIA  -RRHAGE ‡ Hemorrhage ‡ Menorrhagia ‡ Meningorrhagia .

RRHAPHY ‡ Gastrorrhaphy .SUFFIXES Suturing  .

SUFFIXES Instrument for Visual Exam  -SCOPE ‡ Gastroscope ‡ Proctoscope ‡ Bronchoscope .

SUFFIXES Visual Examination  -SCOPY ‡ Gastroscopy ‡ Laparoscopy ‡ Bronchoscopy .

SUFFIXES Sudden Muscle Contraction  -SPASM ‡ Pylorospasm ‡ Bronchiospasm ‡ Vasospasm .

SUFFIXES Stopping Controlling  -STASIS ‡ Hemostasis .

SUFFIXES Tightening Stricture  -STENOSIS ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Pyloristenosis Aortostenosis Pulmonarystenosis Valvularstenosis .

SUFFIXES Artificial or Surgical ‡ Gastrostomy Opening New Opening  -STOMY .

SUFFIXES Instrument to Cut  -TOME ‡ Osteotome .

SUFFIXES To Cut Into  -TOMY ‡ Gastrotomy ‡ Laparotomy .

SUFFIXES Structure  -UM ‡ Epigastrium ‡ Hypogastrium .

PREFIXES Negative Prefix No. Not. Without  A AN- ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Afebrile Amnesia Anemia Anesthesia .

PREFIXES Away From  AB- ‡ Abnormal ‡ Aberration ‡ Abortion .

PREFIXES Before  ANTE- ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Antepartum Anterior Antecedent Anteversion .

PREFIXES Against  ANTI- ‡ Antibiotic ‡ Antidepressant ‡ Antidiuretic .

PREFIXES Through Complete  DIA- ‡ Diameter ‡ Diagnosis ‡ Diaphoretic .

PREFIXES Difficult  DYS- ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Dysesthesia Dysopia Dysmenorrhea Dysphagia .

Within  EN ENDO- ‡ Endoscope ‡ Encephalitis ‡ Endotracheal .PREFIXES In.

PREFIXES Above  EPI- ‡ Epiglottis ‡ Epidermis ‡ Epistaxis .

PREFIXES Out  EX EXO- ‡ Excretion ‡ Exopathy ‡ Exfoliate .

PREFIXES Half  HEMI- ‡ Hemiplegia ‡ Hemicolectomy ‡ Hemisphere .

PREFIXES Excessive Above  HYPER- ‡ Hyperactive ‡ Hyperglycemia ‡ Hyperesthesia .

PREFIXES Below Deficient  HYPO- ‡ Hypoactive ‡ Hypodermic ‡ Hypokalemia .

PREFIXES Into  IN- ‡ Incision ‡ Index ‡ Inflammation .

PREFIXES Between  INTER- ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Intercostal Interfemoral Intermission Interval .

PREFIXES Within  INTRA- ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Intraabdominal Intracranial Intracostal Intramammary .

PREFIXES Surrounding Around Periphery  PERI- ‡ Peritoneum ‡ Peritonsillar ‡ Peristalsis .

PREFIXES Increased Many Much  POLY- ‡ Polycythemia ‡ Polyarthritis ‡ Polygraph .

PREFIXES After Behind in Time or Place  POST- ‡ Postnatal ‡ Postoperative ‡ Postmortem .

PREFIXES Before  PRO- ‡ Procedure ‡ Procreation ‡ Prophylaxis .

PREFIXES Back Again  RE- ‡ Reduplication ‡ Reduction ‡ Resection .

PREFIXES Behind Backwards  RETRO- ‡ Retroaction ‡ Retroversion ‡ Retropharynx .

PREFIXES Across  TRANS- ‡ Transabdominal ‡ Transference ‡ Transfusion .

COMBINING FORMS ADEN/o  Gland ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Adenoma Adenosclerosis Adenotomy Adenodynia .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ ARTHR/O  Joint ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Arthritis Arthroscopy Arthroplasty Arthrocentesis .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ CARCIN/O  Cancer ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Carcinoma Carcinogen Carcinostatic Carcinolysis .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ CYST/O  Fluid filled Sac  Bladder ‡ Cystic ‡ Cystitis .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ CYT/O  Cell ‡ Cytology ‡ Cytogenic ‡ Cytonecrosis .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ ERYTHR/O  Red ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Erythrocytosis Erythrophobia Erythropsia Erythroderma .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ GEN/O  Causing  Caused by ‡ Carcinogenic ‡ Cytogenic .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ ‡ HEM/O HEMAT/O  Blood ‡ Hematology ‡ Hemocytology .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ IATR/O  Relating to treatment  Relating to physicians  Relating to medicine ‡ Iatrogenic ‡ Pediatrics .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ LEUK/O  White ‡ Leukemia ‡ Leukocytosis .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ PATH/O  Disease ‡ Pathology ‡ Pathologist .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ PED/O  Child ‡ Pediatrics ‡ Pediatrician .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ PHAG/O  To Eat ‡ Dysphagia ‡ Aphagia .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ SECT/O  To Cut ‡ Section .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ THROMB/O  Clot ‡ Thrombosis ‡ Thrombocytopenia .

COMBINING FORMS ‡ VISCER/O  Internal Organ ‡ Visceral ‡ Visceromegaly .

Internal Organ VISCER/O .

Disease PATH/O .

Cell CYT/O .

Cancer CARCIN/O .

Joint ARTHR/O .

Blood Hemo/o Hemat/o .

Arthritis

ARTHR/ITIS WR S

Hepatitis

HEPAT/ITIS WR S

Subhepatic

SUB/HEPAT/IC P WR S

Intravenous

INTRA/VEN/OUS P WR S

Arthropathy

ARTHR/O/PATHY WR V S

Osteitis OSTE/ITIS WR S .

GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM ‡ Alimentary Tract ‡ Digestive System ± ± Abbreviated GI System or GI Tract This system has three functions ‡ ‡ ‡ Digestion Absorption Elimination .

GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM ‡ Organs of the Digestive Tract ± ± ± ± ± ± ± Mouth Pharynx or Throat Esophagus Stomach Small Intestine Large Intestine Anus .

GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM ‡ Accessory Organs ± ± ± ± ± Salivary Glands Liver Bile Ducts Gallbladder Pancreas .

GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM ‡ Other Structures ± Peritoneum ± Appendix ± Abdomen .

GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM ‡ Additional Terms ± Bile or Biliary ± Peristalsis .

GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM ‡ Combining Forms  OR/O  PHARYNG/O  ESOPHAG/O  GASTR/O  PYLOR/O  ILE/O. ENTER/O  DUODEN/O  JEJUN/O  ILE/O Mouth or Oral Cavity Pharynx or Throat Esophagus Stomach Pyloric sphincter Small Intestine Duodenum Jejunum Ileum .

COLON/O  CEC/O  APPENDIC/O  APPEND/O  SIGMOID/O  RECT/O  AN/O  PROCT/O Colon. Large Intestine Cecum Appendix Sigmoid Colon Rectum Anus Rectum & Anus .GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM ‡ Combining Forms  COL/O.

GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM ‡ Combining Forms  HEPAT/O  CHOL/E. BIL/I  CHOLEDOCH/O  CHOLECYST/O  PANCREAT/O  VISCER/O Liver Bile Bile Ducts Gallbladder Pancreas Viscera (any internal organ) .

GI .Combining Forms ‡ Combining Forms      BUCC/O CELI/O LAPAR/O GLOSS/O LINGU/O Cheek Abdomen/belly Laparotomy Tongue Lingual Buccal Celiac Hemiglossectomy .

Saliva Cholelithiasis Omentectomy Peritoneal Sialism .GI Combining Forms & Suffixes ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ LITHI/O OMENT/O PERITONE/O SIALADEN/O SIAL/O SIAL Stones Omentum Peritoneum Salivary Gland Salivary.

#1 A partial or complete excision of the tongue is? Hemiglossectomy .

#2 A plastic surgical repair of the esophagus? Esophagoplasty .

#3 A surgical removal of part of all of the stomach? Gastrectomy .

#4 The establishment of a permanent passage between the stomach and jejunum? Gastrojejunostomy .

#5 The visual examination of the rectum and sigmoid colon? Proctosigmoidoscopy .

#6 A plastic surgical repair of the small intestines? Enteroplasty .

#7 The surgical creation of a permanent opening into the jejunum? Jejunostomy .

#8 A surgical repair of the anus or rectum? Proctoplasty Anoplasty .

#9 The surgical repair of a bile duct? Choledochoplasty .

#10 Pertaining to under the tongue? Subglossal Sublingual .

Cholecystectomy Procedure Surgical removal of the gallbladder .

Hemicolectomy Procedure Removal of ½ or part of the colon .

Pancreatoma Diagnosis Tumor of the Pancreas .

Choledocholithiasis Diagnosis Abnormal condition of stones in the bile duct .

Diverticulectomy Procedure Removal of Diverticula .

Esophagogastoduodenoscopy Procedure Visual exam of the esophagus. stomach and duodenum .

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM ‡ Provides oxygen to all body cells through blood ‡ Exchanges oxygen for carbon dioxide ‡ Eliminates carbon dioxide from the body .

Organs of the Respiratory System EIGHT ORGANS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Nose Pharynx Larynx Trachea Bronchus Lungs Diaphragm Mediastinum .

Additional Terms Respiratory System ‡ Apex (apices) ‡ Base ‡ Hilum ‡ Lobes ‡ Pleura Top portion of lung Lower portion of lung Midline/bronchi enter lungs Division of lungs Membrane sac that surrounds each lung .

Respiratory System Combining Forms ‡ NAS/O ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ RHIN/O SINUS/O PHARYNG/O TONSILL/O ADENOID/O LARYNG/O EPIGLOTT/O Nose Nose Sinus Pharynx Tonsil Adenoid Larynx Epiglottis .

Respiratory System Combining Forms ‡ TRACHE/O ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ BRONCH/O BRONCH/I BRONCHIOL/I ALVEOL/O Trachea Bronchus Bronchiole Alveolus .

Respiratory System Combining Forms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ CYAN/O OX/O LOB/O PECTOR/O THORAC/O PHREN/O Blue Oxygen Lobe Chest Thoracic Diaphragm Cyanosis Anoxia Lobectomy Pectoral Phrenic .

Respiratory System Combining Forms & Suffixes ‡ PLEUR/O ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ -PNEA PNEUM/O PNEUMON/O PULMON/O Pleura Breathing Lung Pleuritis Dyspnea Pneumorrhagia Pneumonitis Pulmonary Hemoptysis ‡ -PTYSIS Spitting .

.#1 The digestive tract is also known as the GI or Alimentary Tract System.

#2 The combining form for stomach is Gastr/o. .

#3 The space between the lungs is called the Mediastinum. .

.#4 The combining form ³rhin/o´ means Nose.

Pneumon.#5 The combining form for lung is Pneumo. Pulmon .

#6 The suffix ±pnea means breathing. .

#7 The medical term for inflammation of the stomach and intestines is gastroenteritis. .

.#8 The definition of the suffix ± algia is pain.

#9 The membrane surrounding each lung is called the pleura. .

.#10 The abbreviation NPO means nothing by mouth.

Thoracentesis Procedure
A puncture of the chest.

Endotracheal Intubation Procedure
Inserting a tube into the trachea.

Tracheostomy Procedure
Creating a new opening in the trachea.

Hypoxia Diagnosis
Low or deficient oxygen levels.

Rhinoplasty Procedure
Surgical repair of the nose (nose job).

Question 6 What is the difference between a tracheotomy and tracheostomy? Stomy = new opening Tomy = incision/cut into .

hormones and nutrients to the body tissue ‡ Removes waste material .CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM ‡ Circulatory System ‡ Continually moves blood throughout the body in order to provide oxygen.

Parts of the Cardiovascular System  Heart  Muscular Organ  Circulates blood through body  Two upper chambers and two lower chambers .

Cardiovascular .Valves ‡ Tricuspid Valve ‡ Bicuspid Valve ‡ Semilunar Valves .

Three Layers of Heart ‡ Pericardium ‡ Myocardium ‡ Endocardium .

Cardiovascular Blood Vessels ‡ Tube-like structures ‡ Carry blood through the body ‡ Average adult has over 60.000 miles of blood vessels in their body .

Cardiovascular Arteries ‡ Carry blood away from heart ‡ Exception: Pulmonary Artery  Arterioles  Aorta .

Cardiovascular Veins ‡ Carry blood back to the heart ‡ Exception: Pulmonary Vein  Venules  Vena Cava .

Cardiovascular Capillaries ‡ Connect arterioles with venules  This is where the actual exchange of nutrients and waste occurs (good and bad)  Walls only one cell thick .

Cardiovascular Blood ‡ Composed of plasma and formed elements  Plasma  Cells ± Erythrocytes ± Leukocytes ± Platelets (thrombocytes) .

Cardiovascular System Terms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Pacemaker Coronary Arteries Septum Pericardium Systole Diastole Coagulation Platelets .

Cardiovascular Combining Forms
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ CARDI/O ATRI/O VALVUL/O VENTRICUL/O Heart Right or Left Atrium Any Valve Right or Left Ventricle

Cardiovascular Combining Forms
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ AORT/O ARTERI/O ARTER/O ARTERIOL/O VENUL/O VEN/O; PHLEB/O Aorta Artery Arteriole Venule Vein

Cardiovascular; Combining Forms, Prefixes & Suffixes
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ANGI/O VAS/O -SCLEROSIS BRADY-CYTE ERYTHR/O
Blood Vessel Angiogram Vasospasm Hardening Slow Cell Red Arteriosclerosis Bradycardia Thrombocyte Erythrocytes

Cardiovascular; Combining Forms, Prefixes & Suffixes
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ LEUK/O White MY/O Muscle -MEGALY Enlargement ATHER/O Plaque TACHYFast CHOLESTEROL/O ANEURYSM/O
Leukocytes Cardiomyopathy Cardiomegaly Atherosclerosis Tachycardia Cholesterol Aneurysm

LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
‡ Removal of excessive waste products ‡ Lymph vessels found throughout the body

Lymphatic System Parts ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Lymph Lymph Nodes Spleen Thymus Gland .

Lymphatic System Combining Forms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ LYMPH/O LYMPHADEN/O TONSILL/O ADENOID/O THYM/O SPLEN/O Lymph Lymph node Tonsil Adenoid Thymus Spleen .

1. Lymph Node C ± Acts as a filter to keep bacteria from the blood .

2. Aorta F ± Largest artery in the body .

Plasma G ± Liquid portion of the blood .3.

4. Vena Cava Largest vein in the body .

Leukocyte I ± White blood cell .5.

Pumps blood throughout the body. .6. Heart J .

7. . Spleen H ± Largest lymphatic organ in the body.

Erythrocyte A ± Red blood cell .8.

Vein E ± Carries blood back to the heart .9.

Artery D ± Carries blood away from the heart .10.

.Hypercholesterolemia Diagnosis Blood condition of excessive cholesterol.

Aneurysmectomy Procedure Surgical removal of an aneurysm .

Splenomegaly Diagnosis Enlargement of the spleen .

Coronary Angiography Procedure A recording of the blood vessels in the heart .

Procedure that uses ultrasound to assess the structures of the heart Echocardiography .

Procedure that graphically records the electrical impluses of the heart on a strip of paper Electrocardiogrphy .

Surgical puncture of the pericardium to remove fluid for testing in order to determine the causative organism of pericarditis Diagnostic Pericardiocentesis .

Mitral stenosis MS .

Series of tests that establish diagnosis and the extent of myocardial infarction by checking the release of cardiac enzymes into the blood Cardiac Enzyme Studies .

Radiographic study to identify and locate thrombi in the veins of the legs Phlebography .

Measures the efficiency of the heart when subjected to a predetermined exercise Stress/Exercise Testing .

Myocardial Infarction MI .

URINARY SYSTEM ‡ Filters waste material from the blood and eliminates it from the body ‡ Kidneys  Nephron  Glomerulus  Renal Pelvis ‡ Ureters ‡ Urinary Bladder ‡ Urethra ‡ Urine .

Urinary System Terms ‡ Dialysis ‡ Diuresis ‡ Micturition ‡ Urinalysis .

Urinary System Combining Forms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ REN/O. NEPHR/O PYEL/O URETER/O CYST/O. VESIC/O TRIGON/O URETHR/O MEAT/O Kidney Renal Pelvis Ureter Bladder Trigone Urethra Meatus .

Urinary System Combining Forms & Suffixes ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ UR/O -URIA DIPS/O GLYC/O GLUC/O Urination Thirst Sugar Dysuria Polydipsia Glycosuria .

Urinary System Combining Forms & Suffixes ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ NOCT/O OLIG/O BACTERI/O LITH/O Night Scanty Bacteria Stone Nocturia Oliguria Bacteriuria Ureterolithiasis .

Kidney REN/O NEPHR/O .

Bladder. Sac CYST/O VESIC/O .

Ureter URETER/O .

Renal Pelvis PYEL/O .

Urethra URETHR/O .

Meatus MEAT/O .

Stone LITH/O .

Urination UR/O .

Sugar GLYC/O GLUC/O .

Intravenous Pyleogram Procedure Tracing of the renal pelvis .

Meatal Stenosis Diagnosis Tightening of the Meatus .

Urethroplasty Procedure Surgical repair of the urethra .

Nephrolithotomy Procedure Cut into the kidney for stone removal .

REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM ‡ Produces cells and hormones ‡ Fertilization of sex cells ‡ Development and birth of offspring .

Female Reproductive System Internal Organs ‡ Ovaries  Ovum  Graafian Follicles ‡ Fallopian tubes or uterine tubes ‡ Uterus  Endometrium  Cervix ‡ Vagina  Hymen ‡ Rectouterine Pouch .

Female Reproductive System Glands ‡ Bartholin¶s Glands ‡ Mammary Glands .

Female Reproductive System External Structures ‡ Vulva (external genitals) ‡ Perineum .

VAGIN/O EPISI/O.Female Reproduction Combining Forms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ OOPHOR/O. UTER/O METRI/O. MAST/O Ovary Fallopian Tube Uterus Cervix Vagina Vulva Breast . VULV/O MAMM/O. METR/O CERVIC/O COLP/O. OVARI/O SALPING/O HYSTER/O.

Female Reproduction Combining Forms Prefixes & Suffixes ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ MEN/O CULD/O LACT/O -ARCHE MULTIMenstruation Menorrhagia Cul-de-sac Milk Beginning Many Culdocentesis Lactation Menarche Multiparous .

Discharge Labor.Female Reproduction Combining Forms. OV/O OVUL/O None First Flow. Prefixes & Suffixes ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ NULLIPRIMI-RRHEA -TOCIA -SALPINX O/O. Birth Fallopian Tube Egg Ovulation Nulliparous Primigravida Menorrhea Dystocia .

4. 3. 2. 5. 5. 7. 8. Mamm/o Mast/o Vagin/o Hyster/o Oophor/o Episi/o Salping/o Colp/o 1. 7. 6. Breast Breast Vagina Uterus Ovary Vulva Fallopian Tubes Vagina .1. 4. 6. 2. 8. 3.

Male Reproductive System ‡ Produces sperm ‡ Secretes the hormone testosterone .

Male Reproductive System Seven Organs ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Testis or Testicle Vas Deferens Seminal Vesicles Prostate Gland Scrotum Penis Semen .

TEST/O VESICUL/O VAS/O URETHR/O PROSTAT/O BALAN/O Scrotum Testicle. Testes Seminal Vesicles Vas Deferens Urethra Prostate Penis .Male Reproductive System Combining Forms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ SCROT/O ORCHI/O.

not all inclusive  Bacterial ± Chlamydia ± Gonorrhea ± Syphilis  Viral ± Genital Herpes ± AIDS  Other ± Trichomoniasis .Sexually Transmitted Diseases ‡ 3 types .STD¶s .

Prostate PROSTAT/O .

Testicle ORCHI/O TEST/O .

Penis BALAN/O .

Seminal Vesicles VESICUL/O .

Vas Deferens VAS/O .

Urethra URETHR/O .

Prostatectomy Procedure Surgical removal of the prostate

Amenorrhea

Diagnosis Without menstrual flow

Endometritis

Diagnosis Inflammation of the uterus

Oophorectomy

Procedure Surgical removal of an ovary

Vasectomy

Procedure Surgical removal of the vas deferens

NERVOUS SYSTEM ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Communication Integration Control of body functions Recognition of sensory stimuli .

Central Nervous System Organs ‡ Brain ± Cerebrum or Forebrain ‡ Ventricles ± Midbrain and Interbrain ‡ Thalamus ‡ Hypothalamus ± Hindbrain ‡ Cerebellum ± Brain Stem ± Pons ± Medulla Oblongata ‡ ‡ Spinal Cord Meninges .

Peripheral Nervous System Organs ‡ Nerve ± Cranial Nerves ± Spinal Nerves ‡ Ganglion .

Central Nervous System Combining Forms ‡ CEREBR/O ‡ ENCEPHAL/O ‡ MYEL/O Brain Spinal Cord Bone Marrow .

Peripheral Nervous System Combining Form ‡ NEUR/O Nerve .

SPECIALIZED SENSE ORGANS ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ OCUL/O OPT/O OPHTHALM/O OPTIC/O AUR/O OT/O AURICUL/O Ear Eye .

Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis Disease of the retina due to diabetes. .

brain and spinal cord .Neuroencephalomyelopathy Diagnosis Disease of the nerves.

Blepharitis Diagnosis Inflammation of the eyelid .

Blepharoconjunctivitis Diagnosis Inflammation of the eyelid and lining of the eye .

#5 Tympanoplasty and Myringoplasty are BOTH surgical repairs of the ear drum .

INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Protection Formation Regulation Collection .

Integumentary System ‡ Skin  Epidermis ± Keratin ± Melanin  Corium or Dermis ± Sweat Glands ± Sebaceous Glands  Subcutaneous ± Thick tissue .

Gabrielle.1999. Aspen Publishers. . MD. Kotoski. Gaithersburg. A Technical Guide.Integrementary Reference: CPT Coding Made Easy.

Integumentary System ‡ Accessory structures of the skin  Hair  Nails .

Integumentary System Combining Forms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ DERM/O DERMAT/O CUTANE/O TRICH/O PIL/O ONYCH/O UNGU/O SEB/O HIDR/O Skin Hair Nails Sebum or Oil Sweat or Sweat Glands .

Integumentary System ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ MELAN/O ERYTHEM/O ERYTHEMAT/O LIP/O CAUS/O Fat Burning Lipoma Causalgia Black Redness Melanoma Erythematous .

HIDR/O Sweat .

DERM/O Skin .

ONYCH/O Nail .

TRICH/O Hair .

DERMAT/O Skin .

SEB/O Oil/Sebum .

UNGU/O Nail .

CUTANE/O Skin .

Inflammation of the skin DERMATITIS .

Pain in the skin DERMATALGIA DERMATODYNIA .

One who specializes in studying skin disease DERMATOLOGIST .

Pertaining to skin repair or skin grafting DERMATOPLASTY .

The branch of medicine concerned with the study of the skin DERMATOLOGY .

Abnormality of the skin DERMATITIS .

CPC (608) 442-3781 Pennyo@wismed. BA.org .THANK YOU!!! Questions may be directed to: Penny Osmon.

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